SIA RU007084, Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933, William Henry Holmes Papers, 1870-1931
- Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933
- William Henry Holmes Papers, 1870-1931
- Data Source:
- Smithsonian Institution Archives
- 1870, 1870-1931
- William Henry Holmes (1846-1933) was an anthropologist, archeologist, artist, and geologist. Born near Cadiz, Ohio, Holmes graduated in 1870 from McNeely Normal School in Hopedale. After teaching for a brief period, Holmes left Ohio for Washington, D.C., where he studied art under Theodore Kauffman. In Washington, Holmes became acquainted with the Smithsonian and soon began sketching natural history specimens for staff members of the National Museum.
- In 1872, Holmes was appointed artist-topographer to the United States Survey of the Territories under Ferdinand V. Hayden, and in 1874 was appointed Assistant Geologist. Holmes' survey in New Mexico and Arizona eventually led to his career in archeology and his interest in the cliff-dwellings of the Southwest.
- Holmes left the BAE to serve as Head Curator of Anthropology at the Field Columbian Museum in Chicago, 1894-1897, and subsequently held positions as Head Curator of the Department of Anthropology, USNM, 1897-1902, and Chief of the BAE, 1902-1909. Holmes served as Curator of the National Gallery of Art from 1907 to 1920, and as Head Curator of the Department of Anthropology from 1910 to 1920. When the National Gallery of Art (now known as the National Museum of American Art) became a separate bureau of the Smithsonian, Holmes severed his ties with the USNM and served as Director of the National Gallery from 1920 until his retirement in 1932.
- These papers include Holmes' personal and professional correspondence, including correspondence between other scientists, which was collected by Holmes in connection with his research. The correspondence mainly documents Holmes' research in American ethnology and archeology; but also includes material dealing with international scientific meetings and professional conflicts. Also included are photographs; tracings and sketches; field notes; notes; biographical information; catalogs; published materials; book reviews; a list of Holmes' published works; and memorabilia. A microfilm copy of Holmes' Random Records of a Lifetime, volumes 1-16, is also available. Other material pertaining to Holmes may be found in the National Anthropological Archives and the American Art and Portrait Gallery Library.
- Geology, Anthropology, Art
- Kauffman, Theodore, Hayden, F. V (Ferdinand Vandeveer) 1829-1887, United States National Museum, Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories (U.S.), Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology, Field Columbian Museum, United States National Museum Department of Anthropology, National Collection of Fine Arts (U.S.), National Museum of American Art (U.S.)
- Illustrations, Collection descriptions, Photographs, Field notes, Diaries
- Local Number:
- SIA RU007084
- Physical Description:
- 2.16 cu. ft. (4 document boxes) (8 microfilm reels)
Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives
Table of Contents
- Collection Overview
- Historical Note
- Descriptive Entry
- Index Terms
- Administrative Information
- Container List
- Series 1 - CORRESPONDENCE. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. 1882-1931.
- Series 2 - CORRESPONDENCE. ARRANGED NUMERICALLY BY WILLIAM HENRY HOLMES. 1870-1931.
- Series 3 - CORRESPONDENCE. ARRANGED BY SUBJECT.
- Series 4 - MEMORABILIA.
- Series 5 - FIELD NOTES, SKETCHES, AND PHOTOGRAPHS.
- Series 6 - HANDWRITTEN AND PRINTED DRAFTS.
- Series 7 - BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION.
- Series 8 - PRINTED MATERIALS.
Record Unit 7084
Holmes, William Henry,1846-1933
William Henry Holmes Papers, 1870-1931
|General Information About This Collection|
|Repository:||Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.|
|Creator:||Holmes, William Henry,1846-1933|
|Title:||William Henry Holmes Papers|
|Quantity:||1 linear meter.|
|Collection:||Record Unit 7084|
|Language of Materials:||English|
William Henry Holmes (1846-1933) was an anthropologist, archeologist, artist, and geologist. Born near Cadiz, Ohio, Holmes graduated in 1870 from McNeely Normal School in Hopedale. After teaching for a brief period, Holmes left Ohio for Washington, D.C., where he studied art under Theodore Kauffman. In Washington, Holmes became acquainted with the Smithsonian and soon began sketching natural history specimens for staff members of the National Museum.
In 1872, Holmes was appointed artist-topographer to the United States survey of the territories under Ferdinand V. Hayden, and in 1874 was appointed assistant geologist. Holmes' survey in New Mexico and Arizona eventually led to his career in archeology and his interest in the cliff-dwellings of the southwest.
Holmes joined the United States Geological Survey (USGS) in 1880 and remained with the survey until 1889 when he transferred to the Bureau of American Ethnology (BAE). Between 1882 and 1889, Holmes was also honorary curator of aboriginal ceramics, United States National Museum (USNM).
Holmes left the BAE to serve as head curator of anthropology at the Field Columbian Museum in Chicago, 1894-1897, and subsequently held positions as head curator of the Department of Anthropology, USNM, 1897-1902, and chief of the BAE, 1902-1909. Holmes served as curator of the National Gallery of Art from 1907 to 1920, and as head curator of the Department of Anthropology from 1910 to 1920. When the National Gallery of Art (now known as the National Collection of Fine Arts) became a separate bureau of the Smithsonian, Holmes severed his ties with the USNM and served as director of the National Gallery from 1920 until his retirement in 1932.
This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women’s Committee.
These papers include Holmes' personal and professional correspondence, including correspondence between other scientists, which was collected by Holmes in connection with his research. The correspondence mainly documents Holmes' research in American ethnology and archeology but also includes material dealing with international scientific meetings and professional conflicts. Also included are photographs; tracings and sketches; field notes; notes; biographical information; catalogues; published materials; book reviews; a list of Holmes' published works; and memorabilia. A microfilm copy of Holmes' "Random Records of a Lifetime," Volumes 1-16, is also available. Other material pertaining to Holmes may be found in the National Anthropological Archives and the National Collection of Fine Arts Archives. Correspondents in this collection include Cyrus Adler, Alexander Agassiz; American Academy of Arts and Sciences; Hector Alliot; Juan B. Anbrosetti; Allison V. Armour; Louis H. Ayme; William H. Babcock; Spencer F. Baird; Frank C. Baker; Marcus Baker; Charles C. Baldwin; Henry Balfour; Adolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier; Edwin Atlee Barber; Robert Barclay; W. C. Barnard; Adolph Bastian; Ward Batchelor; Albert Smith Bickmore; Hiram Bingham; Eugene Boban; Charles Pershing Bowditch; David Boyle; Adela C. Breton; Daniel Garrison Brinton; Charles E. Brown; P. A. Calhoun; J. McKeen Cattel; Thomas Chrowder Chamberlain; George B. Chittenden; Mrs. Calvin Coolidge (Ref.); Elliot Coues; John Merle Coulter; W. S. Cox; James Edward Cree; C. (?) Cresson; Rudolph Cronau; Steuart Culin; Frank Hamilton Cushing; Charles C. Darwin; Watson Davies; William Morris Davies; John William Dawson; Frederick Samuel Dellenbaugh; A. E. Douglass; William B. Douglass; Alexander Wilson Drake; Sylvia H. Farabee; C. Walter Fewkes; Field Colombian Museum (Ref.); Field Museum of National History (Ref.); Alice Cunningham Fletcher; Robert Fletcher; A. D. Foote; Gerard Fowke; Andrew S. Fuller; Grove Karl Gilbert; George Brown Goode; Adolphus Washington Greeley; Stanberry Hagar; Horatio Emmons Hale; Lorenzo J. Hatch; Frederick Vandeveer Hayden; Edgar L. Hewett; George G. Heye; F. F. Hilden; Robert T. Hill; Romyn Hitchcock; Frederick Webb Hodge; William Jacob Holland; William Henry Holmes; William Temple Hornaday; Walter Hough; Illinois State Laboratory of Natural History; International Congress of Americanists; William Henry Jackson (Ref.); Morris Ketchum Jesup; Charles Colcock Jones, Jr.; T. A. Joyce; George Kennan; Alfred L. Kroeber; Henry B. Kummel; Samuel P. Langley; Nicolas Leon; Augustus Le Plongeon; Francis Leupp; Frederic B. Loomis; Edward Lovett; Carl Lumholz; Charles Fletcher Lummis; Theobert Maler; Otis Tufton Mason; Alfred P. Maudlay; H. R. McCalmont; Joseph Deakins McGuire; W. J. Merlin (?); Henry Chapman Mercer; Clinton Hart Merriam; John Campbell Merriam; George P. Merrill; Victor Mindeleff; Clarence Bloomfield Moore; Warren King Moorehead; M. Moreno; Edward Sylvester Morse; Charles Edward Munroe; Nadaillac; N. C. Nelson; Simon Newcomb; R. L. Packard; William N. Page; Pan American Union (Ref.); Francis H. Parsons; Robert Singleton Peabody (Ref.); Edmond N. Pease; Phillip Academy Department of Archeology; W. Hallett Phillips; F. Plancarte; John Wesley Powell; W. H. Pratt; Frederick Ward Putnam; Frederick Leslie Ransome; Richard Rathbun; Charles Rau; William Woodville Rockhill; Kermit Roosevelt (Ref.); Theodore Roosevelt (Ref.); Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. (Ref.); Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt (Ref.); Leo S. Rowe; H. N. Rust; F. W. Sardeson; Marshall Howard Saville; Elias Howard Sellards; George B. Shields; Allen Shoenfield; Stephen Chapman Simms; Frederic James Volney Skiff; Harlan I. Smith; Rene Ravenel Snowden; Javier Vial Solac; Southwest Museum (Los Angeles) (Ref.); Robert Edwards Carter Stearns (Ref.); Matilda Cox Stevenson; James Terry; Cyrus Thomas; Gates P. Thurston; Frederick William True; Ross Turner; Charles Richard Van Hise; Charles D. Walcott; David White; Charles C. Willoughby; John Wilson; Thomas Wilson; John H. Winser; S. G. Worth; T. J. Worthington; George Frederick Wright; Henry Crecy Yarrow; Albert S. Yatsches; Yellowstone National Park (Ref.); George Frederick Zimmer.
This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.
Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7084, Holmes, William Henry,1846-1933, William Henry Holmes Papers
Series 1CORRESPONDENCE. ARRANGED ALPHABETICALLY. 1882-1931.
Folder 1 A
Folder 2 Bab - Barb
Folder 3 P. Bryant Baker, 1923 (Accession 03-069)
Folder 4 Robert Barclay, 1884
Folder 5 W. C. Barnard, 1905
Folder 6 Ward Batchelor, 1886-1887
Folder 7 A. H. Blackiston, 1905
Folder 8 Eugene Boban, 1887
Folder 9 Bow - Bre
Folder 10 Daniel Garrison Brinton, 1893-1897
Folder 11 Bro - Cox
Folder 12 James Edward Cree, 1905
Folder 13 Cres - Cus
Folder 14 D
Folder 15 F
Folder 16 Goo - Ham
Folder 17 Edgar L. Hewett, 1907-1925
Folder 18 Hil - Hol
Folder 19 J
Folder 20 K
Folder 21 Augustus Le Plongeon, 1882-1904
Folder 22 Loo - Lot
Folder 23 Edward Lovett, 1907-1909
Folder 24 Carl Lumholz, 1894-1897
Folder 25 Charles Fletcher Lummis, 1909-1928
Folder 26 F. H. Luthe, 1890-1891
Folder 27 Theobert Maler, 1904
Folder 28 Mar - Mas
Folder 29 Mau - Min
Folder 30 Charles C. Moore, 1912-1913
Folder 31 Clarence Bloomfield Moore, 1898-1914
Folder 32 Warren King Moorehead, 1906-1919
Folder 33 Mor - Nad
Folder 34 N. C. Nelson, 1917
Folder 1 Nes - Phi
Folder 2 F. Plancarte, 1889
Folder 3 Pow - Put
Folder 4 R - San
Folder 5 Marshall Howard Saville, 1896-1917
Folder 6 Sco - Str
Folder 7 T
Folder 8 United States Department of Interior, 1905-1927
Folder 9 Ur - Z
Folder 10 Correspondence Miscellaneous
Series 2CORRESPONDENCE. ARRANGED NUMERICALLY BY WILLIAM HENRY HOLMES. 1870-1931.
Folder 11 1 - 32
Folder 12 33 - 66
Series 3CORRESPONDENCE. ARRANGED BY SUBJECT.
Folder 13 Acknowledgments for Published Works Sent by Holmes. 1896-1897, A - J
Folder 14 Acknowledgments for Published Works Sent by Holmes, 1896-1897, L - Y
Folder 15 Ancient Copper Mines, 1882-1902
Folder 16 Andover Committee, 1913
Folder 17 Balcony House, 1909
Folder 18 International Congress of Americanists, 1910-1915
Folder 19 Second Pan-American Scientific Congress, 1913-1915
Folder 20 Menu for a banquet in honor of Holmes' Seventieth Birthday, December 1, 1916
Series 5FIELD NOTES, SKETCHES, AND PHOTOGRAPHS.
Folder 1 Cenotes at Chichen Itza, Mexico, 1895
Folder 2-3 Chichen Itza, Mexico, 1895
Folder 4 Cholula, Mexico, 1884
Folder 5 Copan, Honduras, 1916
Folder 6 Cozumel, Mexico, 1895
Folder 7 Guatemala City, Guatemala, 1895
Folder 8 Izamal, Mexico, 1895
Falter 9 Mitla, Mexico, 1895
Folder 10 Monte Alban (Oaxaca), Mexico, 1895
Folder 11 Monte Alban (Oaxaca), Mexico, 1908
Folder 12 Palenque, Mexico, 1895
Folder 13 Quiriqua, Guatemala, 1895
Folder 14 South America: Itinerary and Expense Record, 1908-1909
Folder 15 Teotihuacan, Mexico, 1884
Folder 16 Tiahuanaco, Bolivia, 1909
Folder 17 Trenton Glacial Gravel, New Jersey, 1892
Folder 18 Tuloom, Mexico, 1895
Folder 19 Xochimalco, Mexico, 1895
Folder 20 Yucatan, Mexico: Notebook and Diary, 1895
Folder 21 Miscellaneous
Series 6HANDWRITTEN AND PRINTED DRAFTS.
Folder 1 Lecture: Development of Aboriginal Architecture in Mexico, 1895
Folders 2-3 Notes on Ancient Mexican Architecture
Folder 4 Notes, miscellaneous
Series 7BIOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION.
Folder 5 Juan B. Anbrosetti
Folder 6 Adolph Francis Alphonse Bandelier
Folder 7 Edwin Atlee Barber
Folder 8 Charles Pickering Bowditch
Folder 9 Daniel Garrison Brinton
Folder 10 Frank Hamilton Cushing
Folder 11 Alice Cunningham Fletcher
Folder 12 Grove Karl Gilbert
Folder 13 Charles Colcock Jones, Jr.
Folder 14 Richard Rathbun
Folder 15 Matilda Coxe Stevenson
Series 8PRINTED MATERIALS.
Folder 16 A Method Which May Have Been Used by the Mayas in Calculating Time, by Charles P. Bowditch, 1901.
Folder 17 A Recent Discovery of Ancient Human Remains in Los Angeles, California, by Chester Stock, 1924.
Folder 18 A Suggestive Maya Inscription, by Charles P. Bowditch, 1903.
Folder 19 American and Latin American, by William R. Shepard, 1915.
Folder 20 Analytical Catalogue of Works and Scientific Articles, by Daniel G. Brinton, 1891.
Folder 21 Bolivar and the United States, by William R. Shepard, 1918.
Folder 22 Book Reviews.
Folder 23 Catalogues - Eugene Boban Collection, 1886-1887
Folder 24 List of Papers Published by William H. Holmes, 1874-1896.
Folder 25 Memoranda on the Maya Calendars Used in the Books of Chilam Balam, by Charles P. Bowditch, 1901.
Folder 26 Nagualism, by Daniel G. Brinton, 1894.
Folder 27 Our South American Trade, by William R. Shepard, 1909.
Folder 28 Quarter Notes of the Brooklyn Music School Settlement, December 1922.
Folder 29 Report Upon the Collection Exhibited at the Columbian Historical Exposition, by Daniel G. Brinton, 1895.
Folder 30 The Stone Idols of New Mexico, 1896.
Folder 31 Was the Beginning Day of the Mayan Month Numbered Zero (or Twenty) or One?, by Charles P. Bowditch, 1901.
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