Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives
Record Unit 7293
William M. Mann and Lucile Quarry Mann Papers, circa 1885-1981
William M. Mann (1886-1960) was born in Helena, Montana. He attended Lyon School for Boys, Spokane, Washington, 1900-1902, and Staunton Military Academy, Virginia, 1902-1905. During a brief furlough from the academy in 1903, Mann worked as an animal cage cleaner at the National Zoological Park (NZP). After graduating from the academy in 1905, Mann worked as a rancher in Texas and New Mexico where he also collected entomological specimens.
Mann attended Washington State College, Pullman, 1907-1909, and Stanford University, 1909-1911, where he received his B.A. Mann continued his entomological studies under William Morton Wheeler at Bussey Institution, Harvard University, where he received his Sc. D. degree in Entomology in 1915.
Between 1911 and 1916, Mann made several entomological collecting trips abroad: as a member of the Stanford Expedition to Brazil, 1911; to Haiti, 1912; to Cuba and the State of Hildago, Mexico, 1913; as a member of the Philip Expedition to the Middle East, 1914; and as a Sheldon Traveling Fellow to Fiji and the Solomon Islands, 1915-1916. He also studied briefly in Switzerland, 1914.
Mann served as an entomologist for the Bureau of Entomology, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), 1916-1925. During this period, Mann made entomological collecting trips to Spain, Columbia, Central America, Mexico, and Cuba, and as assistant director of the Mulford Expedition to the Amazon River Basin, 1921-1922. He also did entomological studies in Holland and Italy.
In 1925, Mann was appointed the fifth Superintendent of the NZP. In 1926, the title of Superintendent was changed to Director. Mann held that title until his retirement in 1956. Mann's major achievements during his tenure as head administrator of the NZP included the Park's building program, 1927-1940, and his various expeditions to collect live animals in order to increase the NZP population.
In 1944, Mann was appointed Technical Observer by the Quartermaster Corps, United States Army, to report on the living conditions in the United States military bases in Fiji and the Solomon Islands. After his retirement in 1956, Mann was director emeritus of the NZP, and was made honorary research associate of the Smithsonian Institution.
Mann was also an honorary curator of Entomology at the United States National Museum during almost his entire career, and donated his entomological collection to the USNM.
Lucile Quarry Mann (1897-1986) was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan. She received her B.A. in English from the University of Michigan in 1918. She worked for Military Intelligence in Washington, D.C., during the last remaining months of World War I. She served as assistant editor at the Bureau of Entomology, USDA, 1918-1922, and as editor for The Women's Home Companion in New York City, 1922-1926.
In 1926, Lucile Quarry married William Mann, shortly after Mann's return from an animal collecting expedition to East Africa. As a wife of a zookeeper, Lucile Mann traveled with her husband to Europe and on live-animal collecting expeditions. She also acted as a foster parent to many of the orphaned infant NZP-born animals at the Manns' apartment.
Lucile Mann worked in the NZP administrative offices from 1951 until her retirement in 1967, but she continued to work there part-time until 1971. She also was editor of Tiger Talk, the NZP newsletter, and Spots and Stripes, the Friends of the National Zoo newsletter.
A taped interview with Lucile Mann was made in 1977 as part of the Archives' Oral History Project. The tapes and transcripts can be found in RU 9513.
- William M. Mann born, Helena, Montana.
- Lucile Quarry born, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
- William M. Mann attended Lyon School for Boys, Pullman, Washington.
- William M. Mann attended Virginia Military Academy, Staunton, Virginia.
- William M. Mann worked at NZP as an animal cage cleaner under animal keeper, William H. Blackburne.
- William M. Mann worked as a rancher in Texas and New Mexico.
- William M. Mann attended Washington State College, Pullman.
- William M. Mann attended Stanford University. Received B.A., 1911.
- William M. Mann did entomological collecting along the Arizona-Mexican boundary.
- William M. Mann was a member of the Stanford Expedition to Brazil
- William M. Mann attended Bussey Institution, Harvard University. Received Sc.D. in Entomology in 1915.
- William M. Mann went on an entomological collecting trip to Haiti.
- William M. Mann went on a entomological collecting trip to Cuba, and Hildago, Mexico.
- William M. Mann was a member of the Philip Expedition to the Middle East.
- William M. Mann, as a Sheldon Traveling Scholar, went on a entomological collecting trip to Fiji and the Solomon Islands.
- William M. Mann served as an entomologist for USDA, and as an entomological explorer, traveled to Columbia, Panama, Costa Rica, Honduras, Guatemala, Mexico, Spain, France, and Italy, and studied in Italy and Holland.
- Lucile Quarry received B. A. in English from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, and worked until November for Military Intelligence in Washington, D. C.
- Lucile Quarry was an assistant editor for USDA's Bureau of Entomology.
- William M. Mann was assistant director of the Mulford Expedition to the Amazon River Basin.
- Lucile Quarry was an editor for The Woman's Home Companion in New York City.
- William M. Mann appointed Superintendent of NZP.
- Job title changed to Director of NZP
- William M. Mann went to Tanganyika as a member of the Smithsonian-Chrysler Expedition to East Africa, to collect animals for the NZP.
- William M. Mann and Lucile Quarry married.
- The Manns visited European zoos. (Great Britain, Germany, Denmark, Austria, Hungary, Belgium, and the Netherlands)
- The Manns went to British Guiana to collect live animals for the NZP.
- The Manns went on an around-the-world trip by sea as members of National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to the Dutch East Indies to collect live animals for the NZP in Sumatra.
- The Manns visited European zoos. (Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Estonia, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Danzig, Denmark, Germany, Switzerland, France, Scotland, and Ireland)
- The Manns visited Brazil and Argentina, to collect live animals for the NZP.
- The Manns visited Liberia as members of the Firestone-Smithsonian Expedition to Liberia to collect live animals for the NZP.
- William M. Mann served as Technical Observer for the Quartermaster Corps, U. S. Army in Fiji and the Solomon Islands.
- The Manns visited European zoos. (Great Britain, France, West Germany, Belgium, and the Netherlands)
- Lucile Q. Mann began work at the NZP.
- William M. Mann retired from NZP.
- October 10, 1960
- Death of William M. Mann (age 74 years)
- Lucile Q. Mann retired from NZP.
- Worked part-time at NZP.
- Oral history interview for SIA. (See RU 9513)
- November 26, 1986
- Death of Lucile Q. Mann (age 89 years)
Materials in this record unit were donated to the Archives by Lucile Quarry Mann and the National Zoological Park between 1977 and 1988. During 1980 and 1981, Lucile Mann narrated the 16mm motion picture on audiotape with scripts by Pamela M. Henson, Oral Historian. In 1985, the motion picture was transferred to a 3/4" videotape and the taped narration was synchronized with the image.
These papers consist of correspondence from professional colleagues and government officials concerning entomology and live zoological collections as well as correspondence from personal acquaintances concerning zoo visits, lectures, published works, social events, and the occasions of the Manns' retirement (and including photographs). Also included are William M. Mann's correspondence to his mother in which he described his school activities and field trips abroad, and to Lucile Mann during his travels on the Smithsonian-Chrysler Expedition to East Africa, 1926, and as Technical Observer for the Quartermaster Corps during World War II.
These papers also document the Manns' trips abroad: the Smithsonian-Chrysler Expedition to East Africa (Tanganyika) in 1926, British Guiana in 1931, the National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to the Dutch East Indies in 1937, to Brazil and Argentina in 1939, the Smithsonian-Firestone Expedition to Liberia in 1940, visits to European zoos in 1929, 1938, and 1948, Lucile Q. Mann's trips, 1962-1974, and William M. Mann's entomological trips, 1912-1922. Documentation includes correspondence, diaries, field notes, photographs, souvenirs, lists of animals brought back by the 1937 expedition, and newspaper and journal articles, in particular, articles by William H. Shippen of Washington, D.C.'s Evening Star during the 1939 voyage to South America.
In addition, there are manuscripts and printed materials covering the Manns' trips and NZP experiences, including outlines for lectures and radio talks; drafts and outlines for biographies of William H. Blackburne and William M. Mann; book reviews by William M. Mann; materials on the Mulford Biological Expedition to the Amazon River Basin; William M. Mann's entomological monographs; a report to the Quartermaster Corps. and a scrapbook of newspaper articles on William M. Mann's autobiography, Ant Hill Odyssey (1948).
Photographs include William M. Mann's collection of portrait photographs of individuals, mostly naturalists; photographs taken during the Manns' trips abroad; group photographs of the Manns with acquaintances; photographs of animals and insects; and a photograph of Smithsonian officials and staff with President Calvin Coolidge, 1927. Audiovisual materials include motion pictures of scenes filmed in Liberia, 1940, audiotapes containing a narration by Lucile Mann for the Liberian film, 1981, and videocassettes taped from the motion picture and audiotapes, 1985.
This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.
- Mann, Lucile Quarry, 1897-1986
- Mann, William M., 1886-1960
- Coolidge, Calvin, 1872-1933
- United States. Army. Quartermaster Corps
- Stanford University
- Harvard University
- United States. Bureau of Entomology
- National Zoological Park (U.S.)
- University of Michigan
- Woman's Home Companion
- Stanford Expedition to Brazil (1911)
- Stanford Expedition to Haiti (1912)
- Stanford Expedition to Cuba and Mexico (1913)
- Philip Expedition to the Middle East (1914)
- Mulford Biological Expedition to the Amazon Basin (1921-1922)
- Smithsonian-Chrysler Expedition to East Africa (1926)
- National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to the Dutch East Indies (1937)
- Smithsonian-Firestone Expedition to Liberia (1940)
- Tiger Talk (Newsletter)
- Spots and stripes (Serial)
Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7293, William M. Mann and Lucile Quarry Mann Papers