Smithsonian Environmental Research Center

Aerial View of Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies (CBCES), by Unknown, c. 1970s, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, 2003-19524.
Aerial View of Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies (CBCES)
Laboratory of Division of Radiation and Organisms, SIB, by Unknown, c. 1940s?, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, 11036-F or MNH-11036F.
Laboratory of Division of Radiation and Organisms, SIB
Dr. Elisabeth Gantt, by Hofmeister, Richard K, 1979, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, SIA2011-1158 and 79-14206-12A.
Dr. Elisabeth Gantt
Dennis Whigham, by Strauss, Richard, 1996, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, SIA2011-1201 and 96-984-6.
Dennis Whigham

Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, by Barnes, Michael, May 13, 2000, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, 2000-4320.The Smithsonian Environmental Research Center was established on July 1, 1983, when the Radiation Biology Laboratory was merged with the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies.

Laboratory of Division of Radiation and Organisms, SIB, by Unknown, c. 1930, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, 2002-12199.The history of the Radiation Biology Laboratory can be traced to May 1, 1929, when the Division of Radiation and Organisms was established by Secretary Charles G. Abbot. Initially funded primarily by the Research Corporation, the division's purpose was to undertake investigations of the effect of solar radiation on living organisms. In 1941, the division was administratively placed under the Smithsonian's Astrophysical Observatory.

John Sager Measuring Lettuce Leaf Area, by Hofmeister, Richard K, 1980, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, SIA2011-1160 and 80-2438-26.On February 16, 1965, the Division of Radiation and Organisms was abolished. Its work was continued by the newly established Radiation Biology Laboratory, an independent Smithsonian bureau reporting to the Assistant Secretary for Science. The research program at the Laboratory was three-pronged—regulatory biology, or how sunlight regulates growth and development of biological organisms; solar radiation measurements; and carbon dating of samples submitted by Smithsonian and outside scientists. In 1970, the laboratory relocated from the old Astrophysical Observatory buildings in the South Yard and basement of the Smithsonian Institution Building to facilities in Rockville, Maryland.

Storrs Olson, by Unknown, 1969, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, SIA2011-1096 and 94-2478.The Chesapeake Bay Center for Field Biology was created on July 1, 1965, to conduct research and promote education in ecosystem biology. The Bay Center was established at Java Farm, a 368-acre tract of land located on the Rhode River in southern Anne Arundel County, Maryland, on the western shore of the Chesapeake Bay. Java Farm was bequeathed to the Smithsonian Institution by Robert Lee Forest in 1962. Adjoining property was purchased with funds contributed by private foundations, and the Bay Center's site eventually grew to 2,400 acres including 14 miles of shoreline on the Rhode River.

James Lynch Sets Baits for Ants, by Jacobs, Madeleine, 1980, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, SIA2011-1161.In 1969, the Bay Center changed its name to the Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies, and it was placed under the administration of the newly created Smithsonian Office of Environmental Sciences. The Center for Environmental Studies became an independent Smithsonian bureau in 1973, reporting to the Assistant Secretary for Science.

Biologist Bert Drake Checking a Greenhouse, by Warren, M. E, 1982, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, SIA2011-1163 and 80-14774.In February 1966, the Smithsonian joined in an agreement with the Johns Hopkins University and the University of Maryland to collaborate in biological research and education at the Center for Environmental Studies. In 1971, the three institutions joined with the Virginia Institute of Marine Sciences to form the Chesapeake Research Consortium to "foster and facilitate research germane to the region of the Chesapeake Bay." The Center for Environmental Studies became a major component of the consortium’s research program.

Canopy Crane at SERC, by Tinsley, Jeff, 1994, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, SIA2011-2236.The Radiation Biology Laboratory and Chesapeake Bay Center for Environmental Studies merged into the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center in 1983. The mission of the center is to continue basic research with the goals of measuring physical, chemical, and biological interactions in environmental settings. Operations of the center were conducted at two sites—the old laboratory building in Rockville, Maryland, and the former Bay Center facilities at Edgewater, Maryland. The Rockville laboratory closed on November 22, 1986, and all the ccenter’s activities were relocated to Edgewater. In 1997, the new Philip D. Reed Education Center opened at the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. The new Education Center includes a multipurpose classroom, library, exhibit hall, and office space, and is used to host students and teachers participating in environmental education.

Further Exploration

Related Collections

Other Resources

Today in Smithsonian History

U.S. National Museum Decorated for Garfield Inaugural Ball, by Unknown, 1881, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, MAH66045 or 66045.

March 4, 1881

The reception and ball to celebrate the inauguration of President James A. Garfield is held in the unfinished U.S. National Museum building, now the Arts and Industries Building. The Board of Regents authorizes use of the building with the stipulation that no precedent is to be given for the use of the building for other purposes. Under the direction of a citizens' committee, a temporary wooden floor is laid in each of the ground-level rooms, ten thousand bins for hats, coats, and wraps are erected, and some three thousand gas burners are introduced. For the occasion, two electric lights are suspended in the Rotunda and several are erected outside along with calcium lights throughout the grounds. About seven thousand people attend the celebration.More

Did you know...

That the land along the Chesapeake Bay that the Smithsonian Environmental Research Center sits on was left in an unexpected bequest by a dairy farmer, James Lee Forest, in 1962?

Related Media

Mytilicola porrecta Humes.
Chimaphila maculata (L.) Pursh