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Handwritten Draft of James Smithson Will, Pages 1 and 3 and 2 and 4, by Smithson, James 1765-1829, 1826, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, 72-3960-A and 72-3960.

October 23, 1826

James Smithson makes his will while residing in Bentinck Street, Cavendish Square, London. The conditions for the bequest to the United States are: "In the case of the death of my said Nephew [Henry James Hungerford] without leaving a child or children, or the death of the child or children he may have had under the age of twenty-one years or intestate, I then bequeath the whole of my property, . . . to the United States of America, to found at Washington, under the name of the Smithsonian Institution, an Establishment for the increase & diffusion of knowledge among men."More

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