Carl Whiting Bishop in Peking Office, 1926. Smithsonian Institution Archives, Acc. 03-018, Image no. SIA2012-6817.

Hot Topix in Archival Research, Summer 2022

We're highlighting a few topics explored by Smithsonian Institution Archives researchers this summer.

Vicarious research is one of the great joys of the reference desk at the Smithsonian Institution Archives. From our front-row (well, only-row) seat outside the reading room, we catch tantalizing glimpses of our patrons’ manifold research topics.

The reference team fields around 6,000 queries per year. Ask us what people have been researching recently, and you’ll get into some of the enlightening, weird, and fascinating details of our collections. Here is a sample of the diverse questions Smithsonian Institution Archives’s researchers have been exploring for the past few months!

Here are some of the subjects that have recently passed through the reference team’s inbox:

A man sits at a desk in an office. Papers and books are stacked on desks in the office.

Subjects of Smithsonian Archives images to be featured in upcoming publications include:

  • Carl Whiting Bishop, photographed in his office, for Xiuqin Zhou’s The Six Stone Horses of Zhao Ling: Creation and Separation
  • Images of the racehorse Lexington’s skeleton for PBS NewsHour
  • Photos of Lois Bingham, head of the International Art Program
  • Contact sheet of the Tractorcade for the upcoming book Revolutionary Red Tractors: Technology that Transformed American Farms
  • Installation views of the 1971 exhibition “Slovenes in America” for display at the Slovenian embassy
  • Photo of Moonwatch volunteers for an upcoming book on the history of the Pisgah Astronomical Research Institute

Stony remnants in Record Unit 158

One of the richest single collections in the Archives is Record Unit 158, the curators’ annual reports of the U.S. National Museum. It has some of everything: descriptions of the department staff’s work duties during the year; details on accessions; complaints about jar and label supplies; complaints about the cold. For one researcher this summer, Record Unit 158 also helped unlock the origin story of a celebrated scientist. 

The 1907 curator’s annual report of the Department of Geology reads: 

Miss Mary W. Porter, of Oxford, England. Occupied a table in the department somewhat intermittently from November 20, 1906, to February 9, 1907. She was engaged in the study of ancient building and decorative stones.

Mary Winearls Porter, the 20-year-old daughter of a diplomat, had already done some cataloguing and translation work in the geology collections of the Oxford University Museum. Now, she was tagging along on her father’s trip to the United States so she could continue her scholarship on marbles. She just needed to get into the collections. 

Both Porter and her father petitioned George P. Merrill, head of the U.S. National Museum’s Department of Geology, to provide her a place for study. A day later, Assistant Secretary Richard Rathbun granted her request. “He will gladly afford you every facility in his power for carrying on your work,” Rathbun responded. 

Portrait of a man with a full beard. He is middle-aged. He's looking directly into the camera. Georg

Merrill, it seems, did much more than grant her a table to examine rock specimens. A few months after Porter left Washington, Oxford published her first book, What Rome Was Built With. Merrill’s input is present throughout every single chapter—in the acknowledgments, citations, and text.

And what became of Mary Winearls Porter? Finally overcoming her parents’ objections to formal education, she was awarded a bachelor’s degree from Oxford University in 1918; worked alongside pioneering female geologist Florence Bascom; received a doctoral degree from Oxford; and became the mentor of a Nobel Prize winner, X-ray crystallographer Dorothy Hodgkin.

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