Narrow Your Results

Filter Your Results

Expeditions Information

Close Browse records and papers documenting scientific and collecting expeditions either affiliated with the Smithsonian, or with which Smithsonian researchers participated. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by geographic regions predominantly represented in expedition records.

Smithsonian Secretaries Information

Close Browse records and papers of the Smithsonian Secretaries, from 1846 until today. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by individuals who have held that office.

Professional Societies Information

Close Browse records of professional societies closely associated with the Smithsonian, that focus on areas of scientific research and museum studies. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by major topics and disciplines.

Josephine G. Fountain Date unknown

Josephine G. Fountain Date unknown
Date unknown
During the early 1960s, Josephine G. Fountain, a registered nurse who worked at the University of Florida Teaching Hospital and Clinics, invented the "Direct Suction Tracheotomy Tube" (U.S. Patent No. 3039469) used for tracheotomy patients.
Arts, Industries, Inventions, Medical sciences, Nature and society, Portraits, Scientists
Science Service
Black-and-white photographs
Local Number:
SIA2008-1647 [SPI_5766]
Full Record:!siarchives&uri=full=3100001~!308450~!0#focus
Josephine G. Fountain Date unknown, Date unknown, Smithsonian Institution Archives, SIA2008-1647 [SPI_5766].

Using the Archives' Collections

The Smithsonian Institution Archives welcomes personal and educational use of its collections unless otherwise noted. Please cite the Smithsonian Institution Archives as the source of the content, and when possible, link to the Smithsonian Archives website ( Please let us know how you are using our collections for your projects. If you would like to see a collection in person, please note that most records and special collections are stored off-site, so researchers should contact the Reference Team at least one week prior to visiting to ensure that records can be made available in the Archives Reading Room. For information on commercial licensing or other uses, visit Rights and Reproductions. More information available within the Smithsonian’s Terms of Use policy.