SIA Acc. 01-096, Moynihan, M, Martin H. Moynihan Papers, 1952-1996

* required
Please succinctly provide us with any information pertinent to your inquiry. If you are writing to us about a research request, provide as much detail as possible about the collections in which you are interested (including collection numbers, box numbers, and folder titles).
(if known)
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

Summary

Creator:
Moynihan, M
Title:
Martin H. Moynihan Papers, 1952-1996
Dates:
1952, 1952-1996
Summary:
Martin H. Moynihan (1928-1996) was a world authority on animal behavior, with major contributions to the study of communication in birds, primates and cephalopods. In 1957 he became the Resident Naturalist and Director of what was then a small field station on Barro Colorado Island, Panama, later named the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI). He transformed the station into a major research institution in tropical biology. After retirement in 1973, he served as Senior Scientist at STRI, and continued writing and researching the behavior of various species of wild and imported pheasants at his farmhouse in France. These papers consist primarily of field notes, and include correspondence, photographs, sonograms and spectograms, and a small number of audio tapes
Topics:
Ornithology, Primates, Squids
Subjects:
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, United States Canal Zone Biological Area, Barro Colorado Island
Place:
Barro Colorado Island (Panama)
Form/Genre:
Manuscripts, Collection descriptions, Field notes, Pamphlets, Scientific illustrations, Black-and-white negatives, Black-and-white photographs
Local Number:
SIA Acc. 01-096
Physical Description:
4 cu. ft. (4 record storage boxes)

Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Accession 01-096

Moynihan, Martin H

Martin H. Moynihan Papers, 1952-1996

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Moynihan, Martin H
Title: Martin H. Moynihan Papers
Dates: 1952-1996
Quantity: 4 cu. ft. (4 record storage boxes)
Collection: Accession 01-096
Language of Materials: English

Historical Note

Dr. Martin H. Moynihan (1928-1996) was a world authority on animal behavior, with major contributions to the study of communication in birds, primates, and cephalopods. In 1957 he became the Resident Naturalist and Director of what was then a small field station on Barro Colorado Island, Panama, later named the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI). He transformed the station into a major research institution in tropical biology. After retirement in 1973, he served as Senior Scientist at STRI and continued writing and researching the behavior of various species of wild and imported pheasants at his farmhouse in France.

Curriculum Vitae

Born: February 5, 1928, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.

Education: A.B. Princeton University, 1950; D.Phil. Oxford University, 1953.

Positions held: Visiting Fellow, Cornell University, 1953-1955; Research Fellow, Harvard University, 1955-1957; Resident Naturalist and Director, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 1957-1973; Senior Scientist, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 1973 to 1996; Research Associate, Stazione Zoologica "Anton Dohm", Naples, Italy.

Fellowships and Grants: 1950-1951, Fulbright Fellowship; 1952-1953, NSF Grant; 1953-1955, Public Health Service Postdoctoral Fellowship; 1958-1963, 1963-1967, NSF Research Grants for studies on the ecology and behavior of birds and primates; 1971-1972, and 1980's, various Smithsonian research awards for the study of Cephalopod behavior.

Honors and Societies: 1967, Walker Prize, Boston Natural History Society, for "meritorious published scientific investigation and discovery in the general area of Natural History," 1976, The Henry Medal (Board of Regents) "for outstanding contributions to the Smithsonian Institution"; 1992, New York Academy of Sciences.

Publications

1946 Evolution in the Rhipidura rujifrons group. Amer. Mus. 1321: 2-21. (With E. Mayr).

1952 Head flagging in the Black-headed Gull: its function and origin. Brit. Birds 45: 19-22. (With N. Tinbergen).

1953a Some displacement activities of the Black-headed Gull. Behaviour 5: 58-80.

1953b Some comments on conflict and thwarting in animals. Behaviour 6: 66-84. (With M. Bastock and D. Morris).

1954 Hostile, sexual and other social behaviour patterns of the Spice Finch (Lonchura punctulata) in captivity. Behaviour 7: 33-76. (With M.F. Hall).

1955a Some aspects of reproductive behavior in the Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibund ridibundus L.) and related species. Behaviour Supplement 4, 201p.

1955b Remarks on the original sources of displays. Auk 72: 240-246.

1955c Types of hostile display. Auk 72: 247-259.

1956a Behavior of a pratincole. Auk 73: 268-27 1.

1956b California Gulls and Herring Gulls breeding in the same colony. Auk 73: 453-454.

1956c Notes on the behavior of some North American gulls. I. Aerial hostile behavior. Behaviour 10: 126-178.

1957 Notes on the sea-birds of Sand Island of the Johnston Island group. Elepaio 18: 35-37.

1958a Notes on the behavior of some North American gulls. II. Non-aerial hostile behavior of adults. Behaviour 12: 95-182.

1958b Notes on the behavior of the Flying Steamer Duck. Auk 75: 183-202.

1958c Notes on the behavior of some North American gulls. III. Pairing behavior. Behaviour 13: 112-130.

1959a A revision of the family Laridae. Amer. Mus. Novitates. November 1-42.

1959b Notes on the behavior of some North American gulls. IV. The ontogeny of hostile behavior and display patterns. Behaviour 14: 214-239.

1960 Some adaptations which help to promote gregariousness. Proc. 12th Int. Orn. Cong., Helsinki 1958, pp. 523-541.

1962a The organization and probable evolution of some mixed species flocks of Neotropical birds. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 143: 7, 1-140.

1962b Hostile and sexual behavior patterns of South American and Pacific Laridae. Behaviour, Supplement 8, 365 p.

1962c Display patterns of tropical American "nine-primaried" songbirds. 1. Chlorospingus. Auk 79: 310-344.

1962d Display patterns of tropical American "nine-primaried" songbirds. II. Some species of Ramphocelus. Auk 79: 655-686.

1963a Display patterns of tropical American "nine-primaried" songbirds. III. The Green-backed Sparrow. Auk 80: 116-144.

1963b Interspecific relations between some Andean birds. Ibis 105: 327-339.

1963c Two papers on the evolution of communal displays. Auk 80: 381-384.

1964 Some behavior patterns of platyrrhine monkeys. I. The Night Monkey (Aotus trivirgatu), Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 146: 5, 1-84.

1966a Display patterns of tropical American "nine-primaried" songbirds. IV. The Yellow-rumped Tanager. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 149: 5, 1-34.

1966b Communication in the titi monkey, Callicebus. J. Zool. Soc. Lond. 150: 77-127.

1967 Comparative aspects of communication in New World Primates. In: Primate Ethology, edited by D. Morris, pp. 236-266. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.

1968a Social mimicry: character convergence versus character displacement. Evolution 22: 315-331.

1968b The "Coerebini"; a group of marginal areas, habitats and habits. Amer. Natur. 102: 573-581.

1970a Some behavior patterns of platyrrhine monkeys. II. Saguinus geoffroyi and some other tamarins. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 28: 1-77.

1970b The control, suppression, decay, disappearance and replacement of displays. L. Theor. Biol. 29: 85-112.

1971 Successes and failures of tropical mammals and birds. Amer. Natur. 105: 371-383.

1973a Species proportions - a reply. Amer. Natur. 107: 155-156.

1973b The evolution of behavior and the role of behavior in evolution. Breviora 415: 1-29.

1975 Conservatism of displays and comparable stereotyped patterns among cephalopods. In: Function and Evolution in Behaviour, edited by B. Baerends, C. Beer and A. Manning G., pp. 276-291. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

1976a THE NEW WORLD PRIMATES: Adaptive Radiation and the Evolution of Social Behavior, Languages, and Intelligence. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 262p.

1976b Notes on the ecology and behavior of the Pygmy Marmoset, Cebuella pygmaea, in Amazonian Colombia. Neotropical Primates. In: Field Studies and Conservation, pp. 79-84. Washington: National Academy of Sciences.

1977 Communication, crypsis, and mimicry among cephalopods. In: How Animals Communicate, edited by T. Sebeok, pp. 293-302. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. (With A.F. Rodaniche).

1978 An "Ad hoc" association of hornbills, starlings, coucals, and other birds. Terra et Vie 3: 357-376.

1979 GEOGRAPHIC VARIATION IN SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND IN ADAPTATION TO COMPETITION AMONG ANDEAN BIRDS. Publ. Nuttall Orn. Club 18:162p.

1980 The coincidence of mimicries and other misleading coincidences. Amer. Natur., 117(4): 372-378.

1982a Spatial parameters and interspecific social relations: some differences between birds and fishes. J. Theor. Biol. 95: 253-262.

1982b THE BEHAVIOR AND NATURAL HISTORY OF THE CARIBBEAN REEF SQUID SEPIOTEUTHIS SEPIOIDEA. Zeitschr. f. Tierpsychol., Advances in Ethology 25, 150p. (With A. Rodaniche).

1982c Why is lying about intentions rare during some kind of contests? J. Theor. Biol., 97(l): 7-12.

1982d Introduccion. In: Evolucion en los Tropicos, edited by Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and Editorial Universitaria. Impresora Panama: Panama, pp. 11-14.

1983a A slight discrepancy. Amer Natur., 121: 301.

1983b Notes on the behavior of Euprymna scolopes (Cephalopoda: Sepioidae). Behaviour 85: 25-41.

1983c Notes on the behavior of Idiosepius pygmaeus (Cephalopoda: Idiosepiidae). Behaviour 85: 42-57.

1984 Transpositions of signals and the persistence of releasing mechanisms. Zeitschr. f. Tierpsychol., 64: 269-282.

1985a Why are cephalopods deaf? Amer. Natur. 25(3): 465-469.

1985b COMMUNICATION AND NON-COMMUNICATION BY CEPHALOPODS. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 141p.

1987a Social relations among Halcyon kingfishers in Senegal. Rev. Ecol. (Terre et Vie) 42: 145-166.

1987b Notes on the behaviour of Giant Kingfishers. Malimbus 9(2): 97-104.

1988 The opportunism of the Abyssinian Roller (Coracias abyssinica) in Senegal. Rev. Ecol. (Terre et Vie) 43: 159-166.

1990 Social, sexual and pseudosexual behavior of the blue-bellied roller, coracias syanogaster; the Consequences of Crowding or Concentration. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 491: 1-23.

1991 Structures of Animal Communication. In: Man & Beast Revisited, edited by Michael H. Robinson and Lionel Tiger, pp. 193-202. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.

1995 Social structures and behavior patterns of captive and feral Reeves' Pheasants (Syrmaticus reevesi) in France. Alauda 63(3):41-56.

1997 Self Awareness, with Specific References to Coleoid Cephalopods. In: Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals, edited by Robert W. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson, and H. Lyn Miles, pp. 213-219. Albany: State University of New York Press.

1998 THE SOCIAL REGULATION OF COMPETITION AND AGGRESSION IN ANIMALS. Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press, 158p.

Top of Page

Descriptive Entry

These papers consist primarily of field notes, and include correspondence, photographs, sonograms and spectograms, and a small number of audio tapes.

Top of Page

This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.

Name

Subject

Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection

Top of Page

Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 01-096, Moynihan, Martin H, Martin H. Moynihan Papers

Top of Page

Container List

Box 1

Tanagra (birds), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958

Box 1 of 4

Arremonops (striped sparrow), Frijoles, Barro Colorado Island, Pedro Miguel - All Panama, 1958

Box 1 of 4

Arremona (sparrow), Cerro Campana and Barro Colorado Island, Panama; Tarma, Peru, Santa Fe, Peru (?), 1958

Box 1 of 4

Pselliophorus (yellow-green finch), Cerro Punta, Panama; Quito, Ecuador, 1958, 1961

Box 1 of 4

Catamenia (plain-colored seedeaters), different localities in Ecuador, 1959

Box 1 of 4

Ateles ssp. (monkeys), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1961

Box 1 of 4

Mixed Flocks (birds), Colombia, countings with D. Fairchild, 1960, 1965

Box 1 of 4

Chlorospingus (Bush-tanger), 1961

Box 1 of 4

Honeycreeper (birds), summaries, 1962-1964

Box 1 of 4

Cyanerpes (Honeycreepers), one page on "chachalacas" birds, 1963

Box 1 of 4

Saltator (birds), Frijoles and Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1962

Box 1 of 4

Mixed Species flocks of birds (gregarious behavior), 1960

Box 1 of 4

Cissopis (Magpie tanager), London Zoo; Washington Zoo, 1958

Box 1 of 4

Miscellaneous Primates, Paris Zoo; Washington Zoo; London Zoo, 1960-1961

Box 1 of 4

Andean Birds Mixed Flocks, Colombia, 1962-1965 (4 folders)

Box 1 of 4

Andean Birds, summaries, counts, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, 1965 (4 folders)

Box 1 of 4

Summaries of bird counts, 1960s (2 folders)

Box 1 of 4

Gull notes and index of notes, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, etc., 1955-1957 (3 folders)

Box 1 of 4

Gull notes, two letters from Professor Niko Tinbergen, 1954-1956

Box 1 of 4

Primates, photos, mostly Barro Colorado Island, Panama (3 folders)

Box 1 of 4

Negatives of Primates, Birds, Grison, Raccoons, 1959-1960 (2 folders)

Box 1 of 4

Anatidae (ducks), South America, Peru, Tierra del Fuego, etc., 1955-1957

Box 1 of 4

Chlorophanes (Green Honeycreeper), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958, 1962

Box 1 of 4

Duplicates, statistical materials

Box 1 of 4

Photos, Gulls (Laridae), United Kingdom (3 folders)

Box 1 of 4

Box 2

Photos, Monkeys, Barro Colorado Island, Panama

Box 2 of 4

Atlapetes (Bush finches), Cerro Punta, Panama; Iquitos, Peru; Pichincha, Ecuador, 1958, 1960-1962

Box 2 of 4

Alouatta (Primates), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1960

Box 2 of 4

Diglossa (Flower piercers), Cerro Punta, Barro Colorado Island, Panama; Purace, W. Cordillera, Colombia; Cerro Pichincha, Inaquito, Ecuador; Quisha and Central Peru, 1957-1958, 1965, 1972 (4 folders)

Box 2 of 4

Cacajou rubicundus (Vakari monkey), Washington Zoo; Bronx Zoo; Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1959, 1964-1965

Box 2 of 4

Callithrix jacchus (Tufted ear marmoset), London Zoo; Paris Zoo, 1959, 1961

Box 2 of 4

Saguinus oedipus (Cottontop monkey), Panama City and Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1959

Box 2 of 4

Saguinus leucopus (Silvery-brown tamarin), Bronx Zoo, 1958

Box 2 of 4

Pithecia monachus (Monk saki), Iquitos, Peru; Washington Zoo; Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958, 1961, 1964, 1968

Box 2 of 4

Leontideus rosalia (Golden Marmosets), Paris Zoo; Washington Zoo, 1958-1960

Box 2 of 4

Lagothrix lagotricha (Woolly monkey), Iquitos and Lima, Peru; Washington Zoo, 1958-1959

Box 2 of 4

Cebus apella (Brown capuchin), Barro Colorado Island, Panama; Lima, Peru Zoo, 1958-1959, 1961-1963

Box 2 of 4

Tangara birds (Tanagers), Barro Colorado Island, Cerro Punta and Cerro Campana, Panama, 1957-1962

Box 2 of 4

Thranpis bird (Tanagers), Frijoles, Barro Colorado Island and Gamboa, Panama; Calzada de Inaguito and Cerro Pichincha, Ecuador, 1957

Box 2 of 4

Tiares bird (Yellow-faced grassquit), Playa Coronado, Playa Colorado, Cerro Campana, Frijoles, Santiago, Cerro Punta, Panama, 1957-1958

Box 2 of 4

Sporophila bird (Seed-eater), Barro Colorado Island, Frijoles, Penonome, Panama, 1957-1958

Box 2 of 4

Laridae (Gulls), manuscript and comments (South America and Pacific), 1955-1957

Box 2 of 4

Ring-billed Gulls, Pelican Island-Doglake, Manitoba, Canada, 1954-1955

Box 2 of 4

Adult Franklin's Gulls, Delta-Portage la Prairie, Southern Manitoba, Canada, 1954-1955

Box 2 of 4

Ring-billed and Franklin Gulls, Manitoba, 1955

Box 2 of 4

Rhamphocelus (Birds) (Sangre de Toro, Yellow rumped tanager), Barro Colorado Island, Rio Chucunaque, Rio Piedras, Cerro Punta, Frijoles, Panama, 1957

Box 2 of 4

Pezopetes (Big Footed Finch), Cerro Punta, Panama, 1960-1961

Box 2 of 4

Dacnis Cayana (Honeycreeper), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1957-1958, 1960-1961

Box 2 of 4

Aramides cajanea (Wood-rails), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1960

Box 2 of 4

Tinamus major birds (Great tinamou), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1960

Box 2 of 4

General Comment Fringillidae, Barro Colorado Island, Cerro Punta, Panama, 1958, 1962

Box 2 of 4

Sericossypha alboristata (White-capped Tanager), London Zoo, 1958

Box 2 of 4

Laridae (Gulls), Mahabalipurum, India, 1980

Box 2 of 4

Notes by J.M. Cullen and E. Cullen on the terns, the Kittiwake, and the Shag, Inner Farne, U.K., 1953-1954

Box 2 of 4

Laridae (Gulls), 1953

Box 2 of 4

Notes by H. Hays on Ruddy Ducks, 1958

Box 2 of 4

Notes for a manuscript on Laridae (Gulls) by Niko Tinbergen, 1959

Box 2 of 4

References Primates

Box 2 of 4

Primates, Miscellaneous notes and sketch, 1965

Box 2 of 4

Cebuella pygmaea (Pigmy Marmoset), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1961, 1963

Box 2 of 4

Cebus capucinus (White-throated capuchin), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1961, 1966

Box 2 of 4

Saguinus spp. (tamarins), Washington Zoo; Bronx Zoo; Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958, 1964

Box 2 of 4

Callimico (Monkey), Tulane, 1965

Box 2 of 4

Field Notes - Squirrels, Malaysia; M'Bour and Dakar, Senegal, 1967, 1975-1976

Box 2 of 4

Key to the Canal Zone Antbirds, Zetek

Box 2 of 4

Photographs of Terns and Gulls

Box 2 of 4

Spinus (Gold Finch), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1957-1958

Box 2 of 4

Saimiri (Squirrel monkeys), Washington Zoo; London Zoo; Barro Colorado Island, Hacienda Barbascal, Panama, 1964, 1967

Box 2 of 4

Phrygilus (Lark-like Finch), Notes from Chile; Calzada de San Antonio, Peru (?), Ca de Coto Callao, Peru (?), Tarma, Peru, 1959-1960

Box 2 of 4

Piranga (Flame-colored Tanager), Barro Colorado Island, Cerro Campana, Cerro Punta, Panama, 1958-1959

Box 2 of 4

Poerilothranpis (Tanagers), Cerro Pichincha, Ecuador; Paramo La Negra, Ecuador (?), 1959

Box 2 of 4

Volatenia bird (Blue-black grassquit), Playa Coronado, Pedro Miguel Lake, Frijoles, Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1957-1958

Box 2 of 4

Mixed Flocks - Miscellaneous birds species, Portobello, Pedro Miguel Lake, Cerro Punta, Cerro Campana, Panama; Tarma, Peru, 1958-1959, 1961-1962, 1964 (2 folders)

Box 2 of 4

Epple (Marmosets), Notes from Epple's publications, 1958, 1968

Box 2 of 4

Callicebus (Titi monkeys), Index and Correspondence with John Smith and Eugene Morton, Notes from Barro Colorado Island, Panama; Iquitos, Ecuador and Colombia, 1964

Box 2 of 4

Miscellaneous Monkeys, Barro Colorado Island and Puerto Armuelles, Panama; Colombia (La Deseo, Valparaiso, El Pepino, Santa Rosa), 1964, 1967-1970

Box 2 of 4

Aotus (Night monkey), Correspondence with Thorington, J. Smith, etc. and Notes from Barro Colorado Island, Panama,, 1958, 1961-1963

Box 2 of 4

Saguinus (Tamarin monkeys), Indexes - Barro Colorado Island, Forest Reserve, Ancon Hill, Gamboa Highway, Panama - Notes, 1959, 1964-1967

Box 2 of 4

Sand Island Layout Map

Box 2 of 4

Box 3

Photos, Cephalopods (Squids) (5 folders)

Box 3 of 4

Sonograms, Callimico (2 folders)

Box 3 of 4

Sonograms, Film, Pittrecia monacha and rubicunda

Box 3 of 4

Spectograms, New World Primate Book

Box 3 of 4

Spectograms, Night Monkeys

Box 3 of 4

Spectograms, Coraciiformes

Box 3 of 4

Spectograms, Callicebus and copies of drawings used

Box 3 of 4

Sound Spectograms, Saguinus geoffroyi paper (P.M. II)

Box 3 of 4

Field Notebooks - Gulls, 1952-1953 (3 folders)

Box 3 of 4

Reaves (Pheasants, 1988-1992, 1993-1996 (2 folders)

Box 3 of 4

Box 4

Reaves (Pheasants), 1988-1992, 1993-1996 (2 folders)

Box 4 of 4

Cephalopoda (Squid), Lizard Island, Queensland Australia; Isla Secas, Naos Marine Laboratory, San Blas, Panama; M'Bour and Joal, Senegal, Arcadio Rodaniche's notes, Hawaii, and photos Sepioteuthis sepioidea (Caribbean Reef Squid), Euprymna scalopes, and Idiosepius pygmaeus, 1971-1973, 1975-1979, 1981-1982 (4 folders)

Box 4 of 4

Coraciiformes - Kingfishers, Hornbills, Rollers, Bee-eaters, Wood hoopoe, etc.

Box 4 of 4
Coraciiformes, index (photocopies), 1985
Field notes on Tockus and manuscript (photocopies), 1984
Field sketches (photocopies), 1976, 1977
Coraciiformes, schedule of field work and notes, 1976, 1977
Coraciiformes, index field notes (originals)
Coraciiformes, index (photocopies)
Field schedule, Africa (1976-1977) and Asia (1978-1987)
Notes and comments on coraciiformes, correspondence
Coraciiformes, index and summaries
Coraciiformes, Washington, DC, and Portobello, Panama, 1986, 1987

Coraciiformes (2 folders)

Box 4 of 4
Mahabalipurum, India, 1978-1981, 1987
Kuala Selangor, Malaya, 1979
Bohorak and Medang (Madang), Sumatra; Jais Aben (Sumatra), 1979, 1986
Yokjakarta, Java, 1979
Singhapur, 1979
Guam, Palau, 1979, 1981
Shangai Zoo, 1979
Bharatpur, India, 1980
Stone Forest, Kunming, Negros, China, 1981
Tamil Nadu, Cochin, Chitwan Park, India, 1984
Front Royal, Virginia, 1985, 1986
Mudumalai, India, 1990
Port Moresby, Australia, 1986, 1990
Taronga Park, Sydney, Australia, 1986

Field Notes - Coraciiformes (birds) (4 folders)

Box 4 of 4
Dakar, various roads out of the city, M'Bour, Senegal, 1976
Zuguinchor, Casamance, Senegal, 1976
Cap Skiring, Casamance, Senegal, 1976
M'Bour, Senegal, Ossouye, Casamance, Senegal, 1976
Katinong, Casamance, Senegal, 1976
Makokou, Gabon, West Africa, 1976
Adidjan, Ivory Coast, Robert's Field, Ivory Coast, 1977
Nimba, Liberia, 1976, 1977
M'Bour, Senegal, 1977
Zuguinchor, Casamance, Senegal, 1977, 1981
Samatit, Casamance, Senegal, 1977
Cap Skiring, Casamance, Senegal, 1977
Dakar, Senegal, 1985
Zuguinchor, Senegal, 1985, 1989
Tambacounda, Senegal, 1985, 1991

Using the Archives' Collections

The Smithsonian Institution Archives welcomes personal and educational use of its collections unless otherwise noted. Please cite the Smithsonian Institution Archives as the source of the content, and when possible, link to the Smithsonian Archives website (siarchives.si.edu). Please let us know how you are using our collections for your projects. For information on commercial licensing or other uses, visit Rights and Reproductions. More information available within the Smithsonian’s Terms of Use policy.