SIA Acc. 01-096, Moynihan, M, Martin H. Moynihan Papers, 1952-1996
- Moynihan, M
- Martin H. Moynihan Papers, 1952-1996
- 1952, 1952-1996
- Martin H. Moynihan (1928-1996) was a world authority on animal behavior, with major contributions to the study of communication in birds, primates and cephalopods. In 1957 he became the Resident Naturalist and Director of what was then a small field station on Barro Colorado Island, Panama, later named the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI). He transformed the station into a major research institution in tropical biology. After retirement in 1973, he served as Senior Scientist at STRI, and continued writing and researching the behavior of various species of wild and imported pheasants at his farmhouse in France. These papers consist primarily of field notes, and include correspondence, photographs, sonograms and spectograms, and a small number of audio tapes.
- Ornithology, Primates, Squids, Ornithologists, Pheasants
- Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, United States Canal Zone Biological Area, Barro Colorado Island
- Barro Colorado Island (Panama)
- Manuscripts, Collection descriptions, Field notes, Pamphlets, Scientific illustrations, Black-and-white negatives, Black-and-white photographs
- Local Number:
- SIA Acc. 01-096
- Physical Description:
- 4 cu. ft. (4 record storage boxes)
Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives
Table of Contents
Moynihan, Martin H
Martin H. Moynihan Papers, 1952-1996
|Repository:||Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.|
|Creator:||Moynihan, Martin H|
|Title:||Martin H. Moynihan Papers|
|Quantity:||4 cu. ft. (4 record storage boxes)|
|Language of Materials:||English|
Dr. Martin H. Moynihan (1928-1996) was a world authority on animal behavior, with major contributions to the study of communication in birds, primates, and cephalopods. In 1957 he became the Resident Naturalist and Director of what was then a small field station on Barro Colorado Island, Panama, later named the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI). He transformed the station into a major research institution in tropical biology. After retirement in 1973, he served as Senior Scientist at STRI and continued writing and researching the behavior of various species of wild and imported pheasants at his farmhouse in France.
Born: February 5, 1928, Chicago, Illinois, U.S.A.
Education: A.B. Princeton University, 1950; D.Phil. Oxford University, 1953.
Positions held: Visiting Fellow, Cornell University, 1953-1955; Research Fellow, Harvard University, 1955-1957; Resident Naturalist and Director, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 1957-1973; Senior Scientist, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, 1973 to 1996; Research Associate, Stazione Zoologica "Anton Dohm", Naples, Italy.
Fellowships and Grants: 1950-1951, Fulbright Fellowship; 1952-1953, NSF Grant; 1953-1955, Public Health Service Postdoctoral Fellowship; 1958-1963, 1963-1967, NSF Research Grants for studies on the ecology and behavior of birds and primates; 1971-1972, and 1980's, various Smithsonian research awards for the study of Cephalopod behavior.
Honors and Societies: 1967, Walker Prize, Boston Natural History Society, for "meritorious published scientific investigation and discovery in the general area of Natural History," 1976, The Henry Medal (Board of Regents) "for outstanding contributions to the Smithsonian Institution"; 1992, New York Academy of Sciences.
1946 Evolution in the Rhipidura rujifrons group. Amer. Mus. 1321: 2-21. (With E. Mayr).
1952 Head flagging in the Black-headed Gull: its function and origin. Brit. Birds 45: 19-22. (With N. Tinbergen).
1953a Some displacement activities of the Black-headed Gull. Behaviour 5: 58-80.
1953b Some comments on conflict and thwarting in animals. Behaviour 6: 66-84. (With M. Bastock and D. Morris).
1954 Hostile, sexual and other social behaviour patterns of the Spice Finch (Lonchura punctulata) in captivity. Behaviour 7: 33-76. (With M.F. Hall).
1955a Some aspects of reproductive behavior in the Black-headed Gull (Larus ridibund ridibundus L.) and related species. Behaviour Supplement 4, 201p.
1955b Remarks on the original sources of displays. Auk 72: 240-246.
1955c Types of hostile display. Auk 72: 247-259.
1956a Behavior of a pratincole. Auk 73: 268-27 1.
1956b California Gulls and Herring Gulls breeding in the same colony. Auk 73: 453-454.
1956c Notes on the behavior of some North American gulls. I. Aerial hostile behavior. Behaviour 10: 126-178.
1957 Notes on the sea-birds of Sand Island of the Johnston Island group. Elepaio 18: 35-37.
1958a Notes on the behavior of some North American gulls. II. Non-aerial hostile behavior of adults. Behaviour 12: 95-182.
1958b Notes on the behavior of the Flying Steamer Duck. Auk 75: 183-202.
1958c Notes on the behavior of some North American gulls. III. Pairing behavior. Behaviour 13: 112-130.
1959a A revision of the family Laridae. Amer. Mus. Novitates. November 1-42.
1959b Notes on the behavior of some North American gulls. IV. The ontogeny of hostile behavior and display patterns. Behaviour 14: 214-239.
1960 Some adaptations which help to promote gregariousness. Proc. 12th Int. Orn. Cong., Helsinki 1958, pp. 523-541.
1962a The organization and probable evolution of some mixed species flocks of Neotropical birds. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 143: 7, 1-140.
1962b Hostile and sexual behavior patterns of South American and Pacific Laridae. Behaviour, Supplement 8, 365 p.
1962c Display patterns of tropical American "nine-primaried" songbirds. 1. Chlorospingus. Auk 79: 310-344.
1962d Display patterns of tropical American "nine-primaried" songbirds. II. Some species of Ramphocelus. Auk 79: 655-686.
1963a Display patterns of tropical American "nine-primaried" songbirds. III. The Green-backed Sparrow. Auk 80: 116-144.
1963b Interspecific relations between some Andean birds. Ibis 105: 327-339.
1963c Two papers on the evolution of communal displays. Auk 80: 381-384.
1964 Some behavior patterns of platyrrhine monkeys. I. The Night Monkey (Aotus trivirgatu), Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 146: 5, 1-84.
1966a Display patterns of tropical American "nine-primaried" songbirds. IV. The Yellow-rumped Tanager. Smithsonian Misc. Coll. 149: 5, 1-34.
1966b Communication in the titi monkey, Callicebus. J. Zool. Soc. Lond. 150: 77-127.
1967 Comparative aspects of communication in New World Primates. In: Primate Ethology, edited by D. Morris, pp. 236-266. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
1968a Social mimicry: character convergence versus character displacement. Evolution 22: 315-331.
1968b The "Coerebini"; a group of marginal areas, habitats and habits. Amer. Natur. 102: 573-581.
1970a Some behavior patterns of platyrrhine monkeys. II. Saguinus geoffroyi and some other tamarins. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 28: 1-77.
1970b The control, suppression, decay, disappearance and replacement of displays. L. Theor. Biol. 29: 85-112.
1971 Successes and failures of tropical mammals and birds. Amer. Natur. 105: 371-383.
1973a Species proportions - a reply. Amer. Natur. 107: 155-156.
1973b The evolution of behavior and the role of behavior in evolution. Breviora 415: 1-29.
1975 Conservatism of displays and comparable stereotyped patterns among cephalopods. In: Function and Evolution in Behaviour, edited by B. Baerends, C. Beer and A. Manning G., pp. 276-291. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
1976a THE NEW WORLD PRIMATES: Adaptive Radiation and the Evolution of Social Behavior, Languages, and Intelligence. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 262p.
1976b Notes on the ecology and behavior of the Pygmy Marmoset, Cebuella pygmaea, in Amazonian Colombia. Neotropical Primates. In: Field Studies and Conservation, pp. 79-84. Washington: National Academy of Sciences.
1977 Communication, crypsis, and mimicry among cephalopods. In: How Animals Communicate, edited by T. Sebeok, pp. 293-302. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. (With A.F. Rodaniche).
1978 An "Ad hoc" association of hornbills, starlings, coucals, and other birds. Terra et Vie 3: 357-376.
1979 GEOGRAPHIC VARIATION IN SOCIAL BEHAVIOR AND IN ADAPTATION TO COMPETITION AMONG ANDEAN BIRDS. Publ. Nuttall Orn. Club 18:162p.
1980 The coincidence of mimicries and other misleading coincidences. Amer. Natur., 117(4): 372-378.
1982a Spatial parameters and interspecific social relations: some differences between birds and fishes. J. Theor. Biol. 95: 253-262.
1982b THE BEHAVIOR AND NATURAL HISTORY OF THE CARIBBEAN REEF SQUID SEPIOTEUTHIS SEPIOIDEA. Zeitschr. f. Tierpsychol., Advances in Ethology 25, 150p. (With A. Rodaniche).
1982c Why is lying about intentions rare during some kind of contests? J. Theor. Biol., 97(l): 7-12.
1982d Introduccion. In: Evolucion en los Tropicos, edited by Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and Editorial Universitaria. Impresora Panama: Panama, pp. 11-14.
1983a A slight discrepancy. Amer Natur., 121: 301.
1983b Notes on the behavior of Euprymna scolopes (Cephalopoda: Sepioidae). Behaviour 85: 25-41.
1983c Notes on the behavior of Idiosepius pygmaeus (Cephalopoda: Idiosepiidae). Behaviour 85: 42-57.
1984 Transpositions of signals and the persistence of releasing mechanisms. Zeitschr. f. Tierpsychol., 64: 269-282.
1985a Why are cephalopods deaf? Amer. Natur. 25(3): 465-469.
1985b COMMUNICATION AND NON-COMMUNICATION BY CEPHALOPODS. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 141p.
1987a Social relations among Halcyon kingfishers in Senegal. Rev. Ecol. (Terre et Vie) 42: 145-166.
1987b Notes on the behaviour of Giant Kingfishers. Malimbus 9(2): 97-104.
1988 The opportunism of the Abyssinian Roller (Coracias abyssinica) in Senegal. Rev. Ecol. (Terre et Vie) 43: 159-166.
1990 Social, sexual and pseudosexual behavior of the blue-bellied roller, coracias syanogaster; the Consequences of Crowding or Concentration. Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 491: 1-23.
1991 Structures of Animal Communication. In: Man & Beast Revisited, edited by Michael H. Robinson and Lionel Tiger, pp. 193-202. Washington: Smithsonian Institution Press.
1995 Social structures and behavior patterns of captive and feral Reeves' Pheasants (Syrmaticus reevesi) in France. Alauda 63(3):41-56.
1997 Self Awareness, with Specific References to Coleoid Cephalopods. In: Anthropomorphism, Anecdotes, and Animals, edited by Robert W. Mitchell, Nicholas S. Thompson, and H. Lyn Miles, pp. 213-219. Albany: State University of New York Press.
1998 THE SOCIAL REGULATION OF COMPETITION AND AGGRESSION IN ANIMALS. Washington and London: Smithsonian Institution Press, 158p.
These papers consist primarily of field notes, and include correspondence, photographs, sonograms and spectograms, and a small number of audio tapes.
This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.
- Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
- United States. Canal Zone Biological Area, Barro Colorado Island
Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection
- Black-and-white negatives
- Black-and-white photographs
- Field notes
- Scientific illustrations
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 01-096, Moynihan, Martin H, Martin H. Moynihan Papers
Tanagra (birds), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958
Arremonops (striped sparrow), Frijoles, Barro Colorado Island, Pedro Miguel - All Panama, 1958
Arremona (sparrow), Cerro Campana and Barro Colorado Island, Panama; Tarma, Peru, Santa Fe, Peru (?), 1958
Pselliophorus (yellow-green finch), Cerro Punta, Panama; Quito, Ecuador, 1958, 1961
Catamenia (plain-colored seedeaters), different localities in Ecuador, 1959
Ateles ssp. (monkeys), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1961
Mixed Flocks (birds), Colombia, countings with D. Fairchild, 1960, 1965
Chlorospingus (Bush-tanger), 1961
Honeycreeper (birds), summaries, 1962-1964
Cyanerpes (Honeycreepers), one page on "chachalacas" birds, 1963
Saltator (birds), Frijoles and Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1962
Mixed Species flocks of birds (gregarious behavior), 1960
Cissopis (Magpie tanager), London Zoo; Washington Zoo, 1958
Miscellaneous Primates, Paris Zoo; Washington Zoo; London Zoo, 1960-1961
Andean Birds Mixed Flocks, Colombia, 1962-1965 (4 folders)
Andean Birds, summaries, counts, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, 1965 (4 folders)
Summaries of bird counts, 1960s (2 folders)
Gull notes and index of notes, Ecuador, Peru, Chile, etc., 1955-1957 (3 folders)
Gull notes, two letters from Professor Niko Tinbergen, 1954-1956
Primates, photos, mostly Barro Colorado Island, Panama (3 folders)
Negatives of Primates, Birds, Grison, Raccoons, 1959-1960 (2 folders)
Anatidae (ducks), South America, Peru, Tierra del Fuego, etc., 1955-1957
Chlorophanes (Green Honeycreeper), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958, 1962
Duplicates, statistical materials
Photos, Gulls (Laridae), United Kingdom (3 folders)
Photos, Monkeys, Barro Colorado Island, Panama
Atlapetes (Bush finches), Cerro Punta, Panama; Iquitos, Peru; Pichincha, Ecuador, 1958, 1960-1962
Alouatta (Primates), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1960
Diglossa (Flower piercers), Cerro Punta, Barro Colorado Island, Panama; Purace, W. Cordillera, Colombia; Cerro Pichincha, Inaquito, Ecuador; Quisha and Central Peru, 1957-1958, 1965, 1972 (4 folders)
Cacajou rubicundus (Vakari monkey), Washington Zoo; Bronx Zoo; Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1959, 1964-1965
Callithrix jacchus (Tufted ear marmoset), London Zoo; Paris Zoo, 1959, 1961
Saguinus oedipus (Cottontop monkey), Panama City and Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1959
Saguinus leucopus (Silvery-brown tamarin), Bronx Zoo, 1958
Pithecia monachus (Monk saki), Iquitos, Peru; Washington Zoo; Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958, 1961, 1964, 1968
Leontideus rosalia (Golden Marmosets), Paris Zoo; Washington Zoo, 1958-1960
Lagothrix lagotricha (Woolly monkey), Iquitos and Lima, Peru; Washington Zoo, 1958-1959
Cebus apella (Brown capuchin), Barro Colorado Island, Panama; Lima, Peru Zoo, 1958-1959, 1961-1963
Tangara birds (Tanagers), Barro Colorado Island, Cerro Punta and Cerro Campana, Panama, 1957-1962
Thranpis bird (Tanagers), Frijoles, Barro Colorado Island and Gamboa, Panama; Calzada de Inaguito and Cerro Pichincha, Ecuador, 1957
Tiares bird (Yellow-faced grassquit), Playa Coronado, Playa Colorado, Cerro Campana, Frijoles, Santiago, Cerro Punta, Panama, 1957-1958
Sporophila bird (Seed-eater), Barro Colorado Island, Frijoles, Penonome, Panama, 1957-1958
Laridae (Gulls), manuscript and comments (South America and Pacific), 1955-1957
Ring-billed Gulls, Pelican Island-Doglake, Manitoba, Canada, 1954-1955
Adult Franklin's Gulls, Delta-Portage la Prairie, Southern Manitoba, Canada, 1954-1955
Ring-billed and Franklin Gulls, Manitoba, 1955
Rhamphocelus (Birds) (Sangre de Toro, Yellow rumped tanager), Barro Colorado Island, Rio Chucunaque, Rio Piedras, Cerro Punta, Frijoles, Panama, 1957
Pezopetes (Big Footed Finch), Cerro Punta, Panama, 1960-1961
Dacnis Cayana (Honeycreeper), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1957-1958, 1960-1961
Aramides cajanea (Wood-rails), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1960
Tinamus major birds (Great tinamou), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1960
General Comment Fringillidae, Barro Colorado Island, Cerro Punta, Panama, 1958, 1962
Sericossypha alboristata (White-capped Tanager), London Zoo, 1958
Laridae (Gulls), Mahabalipurum, India, 1980
Notes by J.M. Cullen and E. Cullen on the terns, the Kittiwake, and the Shag, Inner Farne, U.K., 1953-1954
Laridae (Gulls), 1953
Notes by H. Hays on Ruddy Ducks, 1958
Notes for a manuscript on Laridae (Gulls) by Niko Tinbergen, 1959
Primates, Miscellaneous notes and sketch, 1965
Cebuella pygmaea (Pigmy Marmoset), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1961, 1963
Cebus capucinus (White-throated capuchin), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958-1961, 1966
Saguinus spp. (tamarins), Washington Zoo; Bronx Zoo; Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1958, 1964
Callimico (Monkey), Tulane, 1965
Field Notes - Squirrels, Malaysia; M'Bour and Dakar, Senegal, 1967, 1975-1976
Key to the Canal Zone Antbirds, Zetek
Photographs of Terns and Gulls
Spinus (Gold Finch), Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1957-1958
Saimiri (Squirrel monkeys), Washington Zoo; London Zoo; Barro Colorado Island, Hacienda Barbascal, Panama, 1964, 1967
Phrygilus (Lark-like Finch), Notes from Chile; Calzada de San Antonio, Peru (?), Ca de Coto Callao, Peru (?), Tarma, Peru, 1959-1960
Piranga (Flame-colored Tanager), Barro Colorado Island, Cerro Campana, Cerro Punta, Panama, 1958-1959
Poerilothranpis (Tanagers), Cerro Pichincha, Ecuador; Paramo La Negra, Ecuador (?), 1959
Volatenia bird (Blue-black grassquit), Playa Coronado, Pedro Miguel Lake, Frijoles, Barro Colorado Island, Panama, 1957-1958
Mixed Flocks - Miscellaneous birds species, Portobello, Pedro Miguel Lake, Cerro Punta, Cerro Campana, Panama; Tarma, Peru, 1958-1959, 1961-1962, 1964 (2 folders)
Epple (Marmosets), Notes from Epple's publications, 1958, 1968
Callicebus (Titi monkeys), Index and Correspondence with John Smith and Eugene Morton, Notes from Barro Colorado Island, Panama; Iquitos, Ecuador and Colombia, 1964
Miscellaneous Monkeys, Barro Colorado Island and Puerto Armuelles, Panama; Colombia (La Deseo, Valparaiso, El Pepino, Santa Rosa), 1964, 1967-1970
Aotus (Night monkey), Correspondence with Thorington, J. Smith, etc. and Notes from Barro Colorado Island, Panama,, 1958, 1961-1963
Saguinus (Tamarin monkeys), Indexes - Barro Colorado Island, Forest Reserve, Ancon Hill, Gamboa Highway, Panama - Notes, 1959, 1964-1967
Sand Island Layout Map
Photos, Cephalopods (Squids) (5 folders)
Sonograms, Callimico (2 folders)
Sonograms, Film, Pittrecia monacha and rubicunda
Spectograms, New World Primate Book
Spectograms, Night Monkeys
Spectograms, Callicebus and copies of drawings used
Sound Spectograms, Saguinus geoffroyi paper (P.M. II)
Field Notebooks - Gulls, 1952-1953 (3 folders)
Reaves (Pheasants, 1988-1992, 1993-1996 (2 folders)
Reaves (Pheasants), 1988-1992, 1993-1996 (2 folders)
Cephalopoda (Squid), Lizard Island, Queensland Australia; Isla Secas, Naos Marine Laboratory, San Blas, Panama; M'Bour and Joal, Senegal, Arcadio Rodaniche's notes, Hawaii, and photos Sepioteuthis sepioidea (Caribbean Reef Squid), Euprymna scalopes, and Idiosepius pygmaeus, 1971-1973, 1975-1979, 1981-1982 (4 folders)
Coraciiformes - Kingfishers, Hornbills, Rollers, Bee-eaters, Wood hoopoe, etc.
Coraciiformes (2 folders)
Field Notes - Coraciiformes (birds) (4 folders)
Using the Archives' Collections