SIA RU009517, Oral history interview with Richard Eliot Blackwelder 1978

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Summary

Title:
Oral history interview with Richard Eliot Blackwelder 1978
Date:
1978
Notes:
Richard Eliot Blackwelder (1909-2001), a zoologist, specialized in entomology and the principles of zoology. Educated at Stanford University (B.A. 1931, Ph.D. 1934), he began his career with the Smithsonian's Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship from 1935 to 1938. He worked briefly for the Bureau of Entomology of the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) before accepting an assistant curatorship at the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH) in 1938. From 1940 to 1954, Blackwelder was on the curatorial staff of the Division of Insects of the United States National Museum (USNM), specializing in the morphology, classification, and nomenclature of the Staphylinidae. Blackwelder was very active in the Society of Systematic Zoology (SSZ), notably as Editor of Systematic Zoology. In 1954, he began a study of the principles of zoology. From 1956 to 1958, he was an Associate Professor at St. John Fisher College, and from 1965 to 1977 was Professor of Zoology at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
Summary:
This interview of Blackwelder by Pamela M. Henson covers his education; field work; career with the USDA, AMNH, USNM, St. John Fisher College, and Southern Illinois University; his research interests; the SSZ; and his colleagues. The interview focuses on his years in the Division of Insects, USNM; the SSZ; and his friend and colleague, Waldo LaSalle Schmitt, Head Curator of Biology in the USNM and a founder of the SSZ
Topics:
Biology, Entomology, Zoology, Records of meetings, organizations, and professional societies
Subjects:
Blackwelder, Richard E, Schmitt, Waldo L (Waldo Lasalle) 1887-1977, Society of Systematic Zoology (U.S.), St. John Fisher College, National Museum of Natural History (U.S.), Division of Insects (NMNH) Department of Biology (NMNH), Bureau of Entomology (USDA), American Museum of Natural History, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
Form/Genre:
Interviews, Collection descriptions, Classification, Audiotapes, Oral history
Local Number:
SIA RU009517
Physical Description:
2 audiotapes (Reference copies)

Finding Aids to Oral Histories in the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 9517

Blackwelder, Richard E. interviewee

Richard E. Blackwelder Interview, 1978

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Blackwelder, Richard E. interviewee
Title: Richard E. Blackwelder Interview
Dates: 1978
Quantity: 2 audiotapes (Reference copies).
Collection: Record Unit 9517
Language of Materials: English

Historical Note

Richard Eliot Blackwelder (1909-2001), received the B.A. (1931) and Ph.D. (1934) in zoology from Stanford University. From 1935 to 1938, he conducted entomological field work in the West Indies with the Smithsonian's Walter Rathbone Bacon Traveling Scholarship. He then worked briefly for the White-Fringed Beetle Identification Unit, Bureau of Entomology, United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) before accepting an Assistant Curatorship in Entomology at the American Museum of Natural History in 1938.

In 1940 Blackwelder joined the staff of the United States National Museum (USNM) as an Assistant Curator in the Division of Insects and in 1942 advanced to Associate Curator. His research specialty was the morphology, classification, and nomenclature of the family Staphylinidae. During World War II, Blackwelder worked in electronics research and development while on leave from the museum. After the war he returned to the Division of Insects and was active in the development of the Society of Systematic Zoology (SSZ), as Secretary-Treasurer from 1949 to 1960, President in 1961, and Editor of its journal, Systematic Zoology.

In 1954 Blackwelder left the USNM and pursued his broader research interests in the principles of zoology. From 1956 to 1958 he was an Associate Professor at St. John Fisher College, and from 1965 until his retirement in 1977 was Professor of Zoology at Southern Illinois University at Carbondale.

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Introduction

The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. There are also interviews conducted by researchers or student on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Blackwelder was interviewed for the Oral History Collection to document his career in entomology and his role in the founding of the Society of Systematic Zoology.

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Descriptive Entry

Blackwelder was interviewed by Pamela M. Henson on 17 January 1978. The interview covers Blackwelder's education; field work in the West Indies; his career with the USDA, American Museum of Natural History, USNM, St. John Fisher College, and Southern Illinois University; his research interests; the SSZ; and his colleagues. The interview focuses on his years in the Division of Insects, USNM, his curatorial duties, research on Staphylinidae, his colleagues, relations with the USDA staff, and USNM administration. Blackwelder discusses the founding of the SSZ, his role in its development, and relations between the SSZ and the American Association for the Advancement of Science and other zoological societies. Blackwelder reminisces extensively about his friend and colleague, Waldo LaSalle Schmitt, Head Curator of Biology in the USNM and a founder of the SSZ.

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Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9517, Blackwelder, Richard E. interviewee, Richard E. Blackwelder Interview

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Container List

Box 1

Transcript of Interview

Interview 1: 17 January 1978

Box 1 of 1
Transcript, pp. 1-73, of audio recording, 2.0 hours.

Audiotapes of Interview

Interview 1: 17 January 1978

Box 1 of 1
Total Recording Time: 2.0 hours
Original Masters: 2 5" reel-to-reel analog audiotapes
Reference Copies: 2 audiocassette tapes

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