SIA RU009513, Oral history interviews with Lucile Quarry Mann 1977

* required
Please succinctly provide us with any information pertinent to your inquiry. If you are writing to us about a research request, provide as much detail as possible about the collections in which you are interested (including collection numbers, box numbers, and folder titles).
(if known)
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

Summary

Title:
Oral history interviews with Lucile Quarry Mann 1977
Date:
1977
Notes:
Lucile Quarry Mann (1897-1986) was an editor and writer. After receiving the B.A. in English in 1919 from the University of Michigan, she pursued a career in editing and journalism. In 1926 she married William M. Mann (1886-1960), Director of the National Zoological Park (NZP). William Mann received the Sc.D. from Harvard University in 1915, and was an entomologist specializing in ants and termites. After eight years with the Bureau of Entomology of the United States Department of Agriculture, William Mann was appointed Director of the NZP in 1925. Both the Manns travelled extensively for the NZP, collecting animals and studying other zoological parks. Lucile Mann worked in the administrative offices of the NZP from 1951 to 1971, continuing after William Mann's retirement in 1956 and serving as editor for many zoo publications
Many animals born at the NZP were raised in the Manns' home across the street from the zoo. Both the Manns published about their lives and interests, and had a wide circle of friends in many walks of life. William Mann was a circus fan as well as an opera enthusiast. Lucile Mann was a specialist in tropical aquarium fishes and wrote for the popular press on that topic
Summary:
These interviews of Lucile Mann by Pamela M. Henson cover her education; editorial and administrative careers with the Bureau of Entomology and the NZP; life as wife of the NZP Director; travels and expeditions for the zoo; animals raised in their home; famous residents of the Zoo; and reminiscences about famous scholars and personalities such as Austin H. Clark, Leonhard Stejneger, Noel Coward, and Alexander Woollcott
Topics:
Publishing, Entomology, Zoos
Subjects:
Mann, William M. 1886-1960, Mann, Lucile Quarry 1897-1986, Stejneger, Leonhard 1851-1943, Clark, Austin Hobart b. 1880, Coward, Noel 1899-1973, Woollcott, Alexander 1887-1943, National Zoological Park (U.S.), University of Michigan, Bureau of Entomology (USDA) United States Department of Agriculture, United States Bureau of Entomology
Form/Genre:
Interviews, Collection descriptions, Audiotapes, Oral history
Local Number:
SIA RU009513
Physical Description:
10 audiotapes (Reference copies). 12 digital .mp3 files (Reference copies)

Finding Aids to Oral Histories in the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 9513

Mann, Lucile Quarry,1897- interviewee

Lucile Quarry Mann Interviews, 1977

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Mann, Lucile Quarry,1897- interviewee
Title: Lucile Quarry Mann Interviews
Dates: 1977
Quantity: 10 audiotapes (Reference copies). 12 digital .mp3 files (Reference copies).
Collection: Record Unit 9513
Language of Materials: English

Historical Note

Lucile Quarry Mann (1897-1986) was an editor and staff member of the National Zoological Park (NZP). She was born in Ann Arbor, Michigan, and received the B.A. in English from the University of Michigan in 1919. During World War I, she worked in Washington, D.C., with Military Intelligence. After the war, she was appointed assistant editor of the Bureau of Entomology of the United States Department of Agriculture. Lucile Quarry left the bureau in 1922 and became an editor for The Woman's Home Companion. In 1926 she married William M. Mann (1886-1960), an entomologist specializing in ants and termites.

After receiving the Sc.D. from Harvard University in 1915, William Mann collected insects in Fiji and the Solomon Islands as the Sheldon traveling fellow. From 1917 to 1925, he was a specialist in ants for the Bureau of Entomology and, during 1921-1922, participated in the Mulford Biological Exploration of the Amazon Basin. In 1925, he was appointed director of the National Zoological Park, and in 1926 led the Smithsonian Institution-Chrysler Expedition to Africa to collect animals for the NZP. Both the Manns traveled extensively for the NZP: to European zoos in 1929, 1938, and 1948, Central America in 1930, British Guiana in 1931, the National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to the East Indies in 1937, Argentina in 1939, and the Firestone-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to Liberia in 1940. William Mann represented the Explorers Club and Lucile Mann the Society of Women Geographers in their travels.

Lucile Mann began work in the administrative offices of the NZP in 1951, continuing after William Mann's retirement in 1956 and death in 1960. She was primarily responsible for the NZP's annual report until her retirement in 1971.

Both the Manns published about their lives and interests. In addition to his many scientific monographs, William Mann published Wild Animals in and Out of the Zoo (1929) and Ant Hill Odyssey (1948). Lucile Mann published From Jungle to Zoo, Adventures of a Naturalist's Wife (1934), Tropical Aquarium Fishes (1934), and Friendly Animals, A Book of Unusual Pets (1935). The Manns had a wide circle of friends in many walks of life. William Mann was a circus fan as well as an opera enthusiast.

Lucile Mann kept tropical aquarium fishes and published about her hobby. William Mann founded the Vivarium Society, a group of individuals interested in keeping cold-blooded pets. Many animals born in the NZP were raised in the Manns' home across the street.

Top of Page

Introduction

The Smithsonian Institution Archives began its Oral History Program in 1973. The purpose of the program is to supplement the written documentation of the Archives' record and manuscript collections with an Oral History Collection, focusing on the history of the Institution, research by its scholars, and contributions of its staff. Program staff conduct interviews with current and retired Smithsonian staff and others who have made significant contributions to the Institution. The collection also contains interviews conducted by researchers or students on topics related to the history of the Smithsonian or the holdings of the Smithsonian Institution Archives.

Lucile Quarry Mann was interviewed for the Oral History Collection because of her long association with the Smithsonian Institution and National Zoological Park spanning 58 years.

Top of Page

Descriptive Entry

Lucile Mann was interviewed on 9 and 22 June, 14 and 20 July, and 11 and 16 August 1977 by Pamela M. Henson. The interviews cover Lucile Mann's education; editorial and administrative careers with the Bureau of Entomology and National Zoological Park; marriage to William M. Mann and life as wife of the NZP Director; travels and expeditions for the Zoo; animals raised in their home; famous residents of the Zoo, such as N'Gi, the zoo's first gorilla, and Smokey the Bear; and reminiscences about famous scholars and personalities, such as Austin H. Clark, Leonhard Stejneger, Noel Coward and Alexander Woollcott.

Top of Page

Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 9513, Mann, Lucile Quarry,1897- interviewee, Lucile Quarry Mann Interviews

Top of Page

Container List

Box 1

Transcripts of Interviews

Interview 1: 9 June 1977

Box 1 of 1
Interview of Lucile Mann covers her youth; education; early career as an editor, especially for the Bureau of Entomology, U.S. Department of Agriculture; marriage to William M. Mann; life as wife of the Director of the National Zoological Park; recollections of Austin H. Clark and Leonhard Stejneger; activities with the Washington Biologists' Field Club, Vivarium Society, and the Snake Society of Liberia; Works Progress Administration and Public Works of Art additions to the Zoo during the Great Depression; and animal collecting, c. 1897-1940.
Transcript, pages 1-56, of audiotape recording, 1.5 hours.

Interview 2: 22 June 1977

Box 1 of 1
Interview of Lucile Mann covers the Manns' 1929 trip to European zoos, 1930 collecting trip to Central America, 1931 collecting trip to British Guiana, and expeditions to Liberia and Sumatra; her role in the Society of Women Geographers; her relationship to the National Geographic Society; and the Manns' annual circus parties; c. 1925-1940.
Transcript, pp. 57-101, of audiotape recording, 2 hours.

Interview 3: 14 July 1977

Box 1 of 1
Interview of Lucile Mann covers the Manns' participation in the National Geographic Society-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to the East Indies in 1937, visit to European zoos in 1938, collecting trip to the Argentine in 1939, acquisition of Indian rhinoceroses, and the Firestone-Smithsonian Institution Expedition to Liberia in 1940, c. 1937-1948.
Transcript, pp. 102-128, of audiotape recording, 1 hour.

Interview 4: 20 July 1977

Box 1 of 1
Interview of Lucile Mann covers the Manns' participation in the Firestone-Smithsonian Expedition to Liberia in 1940; Malcolm Davis' collecting with the Byrd Antarctic Expeditions; the effects of World War II on the NZP, including William Mann's appointment as a "Technical Observer" for the military; and Lucile Mann's recollections of NZP staff, including William H. Blackburne, Head Keeper, and Ernest Pillsbury Walker, Assistant Director, c. 1925-1956.
Transcript, pp. 129-175, of audiotape recording, 1.5 hours.

Interview 5: 11 August 1977

Box 1 of 1
Interview of Lucile Mann covers the Anteaters' Association; the Manns' 1948 trip to European zoos; Ant Hill Odyssey; administration and funding of the NZP; the Friends of the National Zoo; famous zoo residents, including N'Gi, Smokey the Bear, Ham, Hsing-Hsing and Ling-Ling; Lucile Mann's career in the director's office of the NZP; and recollections of Theodore H. Reed, Director of the NZP, c. 1925-1971.
Transcript, pp. 176-219, of audiotape recording, 1.5 hours.

Interview 6: 16 August 1977

Box 1 of 1
Interview of Lucile Mann includes reminiscences about William M. Mann's life and personality, his retirement from the NZP and founding of the Vivarium Society; reminiscences of Alexander Woollcott and Noel Coward; Theodore H. Reed's administration of the NZP; Lucile Mann's editorial work for the NZP; funding for the zoo; and the history of Holt House, the old NZP administration building; c. 1922-1977.
Transcript, pp. 220-250, of audiotape recording, 1 hour.

Tapes of Interviews

Session 1: 9 June 1977

Box 1 of 1
Total Recording Time: 1.5 hours
Original Masters: 2 5" reel-to-reel analog audiotapes
Preservation Masters: 3 digital .wav files
Reference Copies: 2 cassette audiotapes; 3 .mp3 files.

Session 2: 22 June 1977

Box 1 of 1
Total Recording Time: 2 hours
Original Masters: 2 5" reel-to-reel analog audiotapes
Preservation Masters: 4 digital .wav files
Reference Copies: 2 cassette audiotapes; 4 .mp3 files.

Session 3: 14 July 1977

Box 1 of 1
Total Recording Time: 1 hour
Original Masters: 1 5" reel-to-reel analog audiotape
Preservation Masters: 2 digital .wav files
Reference Copies: 1 cassette audiotape; 2 .mp3 files.

Session 4: 20 July 1977

Box 1 of 1
Total Recording Time: 1.5 hours
Original Masters: 2 5" reel-to-reel analog audiotapes
Preservation Masters: 3 digital .wav files
Reference Copies: 2 cassette audiotapes; 3 .mp3 files.

Session 5: 11 August 1977

Box 1 of 1
Total Recording Time: 1.5 hours
Original Masters: 2 5" reel-to-reel analog audiotapes
Reference Copies: 2 cassette audiotapes.

Sessions 6: 16 August 1977

Box 1 of 1
Total Recording Time: 1 hour
Original Masters: 1 5" reel-to-reel analog audiotape
Reference Copies: 1 cassette audiotape.

Using the Archives' Collections

The Smithsonian Institution Archives welcomes personal and educational use of its collections unless otherwise noted. Please cite the Smithsonian Institution Archives as the source of the content, and when possible, link to the Smithsonian Archives website (siarchives.si.edu). Please let us know how you are using our collections for your projects. For information on commercial licensing or other uses, visit Rights and Reproductions. More information available within the Smithsonian’s Terms of Use policy.