SIA RU007324, Gidley, James Williams 1866-1931, James W. Gidley Papers, 1903-1931 and undated
- Gidley, James Williams 1866-1931
- James W. Gidley Papers, 1903-1931 and undated
- Data Source:
- Smithsonian Institution Archives
- 1903, 1903-1931, 1903-1931 and undated
- James W. Gidley (1866-1931) began his career at the United States National Museum (USNM) in 1905 when he was appointed Preparator in the Section of Vertebrate Fossils. In 1908, he was promoted to Custodian of Fossil Mammals in the newly created Division of Vertebrate Paleontology. He was made Assistant Curator in 1912 and remained in that position until his death. Gidley's work at the USNM was marked by several field explorations to collect fossil mammals. Included were trips to Maryland, Indiana, and Arizona. In the mid-1920s, he began a series of explorations around Melbourne and Vero Beach, Florida, in search of Pleistocene man. Prior to his service with the USNM, Gidley led field trips that discovered the fossil horses Equus scotti and Neohipparion.
- The papers of James W. Gidley document his research on fossil mammals and his work at the USNM. They include incoming and outgoing correspondence with professional colleagues and USNM associates concerning various research topics, field work, museum business, and the preparation of scientific papers. Also included are manuscripts, notes, photographs, and illustrations from his research.
- Gidley, James Williams 1866-1931, United States National Museum Division of Vertebrate Paleontology
- Photographs, Collection descriptions, Scientific illustrations
- Local Number:
- SIA RU007324
- Physical Description:
- 1.5 cu. ft. (3 document boxes)
Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives
Table of Contents
Record Unit 7324
Gidley, James William,1866-1931
James W. Gidley Papers, 1903-1931 and undated
|General Information About This Collection|
|Repository:||Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at email@example.com.|
|Creator:||Gidley, James William,1866-1931|
|Title:||James W. Gidley Papers|
|Dates:||1903-1931 and undated|
|Quantity:||0.4 linear meter.|
|Collection:||Record Unit 7324|
|Language of Materials:||English|
James W. Gidley (1866-1931), vertebrate paleontologist and museum curator, was born in Springwater, Iowa. He developed an early interest in paleontology, collecting fossils in the Black Hills near his boyhood home. In 1892, Gidley was appointed Assistant in Vertebrate Paleontology at the American Museum of Natural History (AMNH). He remained at the AMNH until 1905, although the continuity of his service was broken while he pursued his formal education. He received the B.S. degree in 1898, and the M.S. degree in 1901 - both from Princeton University. He earned his Ph.D from George Washington University in 1922. Perhaps his most important work for the AMNH was a series of field explorations to collect fossil horses. During these trips, Gidley discovered the fossil horse Equus scotti in Texas in 1899. This discovery was the subject of his first published paper the following year. Gidley also collected a new genus of three-toed horse, Neohipparion, in Nebraska in 1902.
Gidley's career at the United States National Museum (USNM) began in 1905 when he was appointed Preparator in the Section of Vertebrate Fossils. In 1908, he was promoted to Custodian of Fossil Mammals in the newly created Division of Vertebrate Paleontology. He was made Assistant Curator in 1912, and remained in that position until his death.
Gidley's career at the USNM was marked by several field explorations to collect fossil mammals. Included were trips to Maryland, Indiana, and Arizona. In the mid 1920s, he began a series of explorations around Melbourne and Vero Beach, Florida, in search of Pleistocene man. Gidley's research interests were varied and he pursued studies of fossil mammals ranging from rodents to the horse. His bibliography listed 87 titles and included brief reports on the identity of specific specimens, as well as detailed studies of certain mammalian groups.
This record unit consists of the general correspondence, notes, manuscripts, photographs, and illustrations of James W. Gidley.
This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.
Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7324, Gidley, James William,1866-1931, James W. Gidley Papers
Series 1GENERAL CORRESPONDENCE, 1903-1931, AND UNDATED.
Folder 1 General, A-W
Folder 2 Bassler, Ray S., 1921
Folder 3 Fewkes, J. Walter, 1926
Folder 4 Frick, Childs, 1924-1925, 1927-1928
Folder 5 Granger, Walter, 1914, 1916, 1918
Folder 6 Gregory, William K., 1903, 1914-1916
Folder 7 Holmes, Walter W., 1927-1928, 1930
Folder 8 Lull, Richard S., 1912-1913, 1915-1916
Folder 9 Matthew, W. D., 1906, 1908, 1910-1912, 1914-1922, 1927
Folder 10 Osborn, Henry Fairfield, 1913, 1915-1918, 1924, 1931, and undated
Folder 11 Peterson, O. A., 1906, 1912, 1914, 1916
Folder 12 Siberling, Albert C., 1909, 1911, 1913-1916, 1919, 1928
Series 2NOTES, MANUSCRIPTS, PHOTOGRAPHS, AND ILLUSTRATIONS CONCERNING FOSSIL MAMMALS, 1905-1931, AND UNDATED.
Folder 13 Notes and manuscript on the evolution of the horse, circa 1930, and undated
Folders 14-15 Notes, mauscripts, and photographs on fossil rodents, 1926, and undated
Folder 1 Notes on Mesozoic mammals, circa 1906-1908
Folder 2 Notes on the origin of bears, undated
Folder 3 Notes and manuscripts on the origin of man, circa 1926
Folder 4 Notes and manuscripts on the premolar development in the Selenodont Artiodaclyla, undated
Folders 5-7 Notes, photographs, and drawings on San Pedro Valley fossils, circa 1922
Folder 8 Notes and manuscripts on Tertiary mammals, undated
Folder 9 Notes and manuscripts for "Warm-blooded animals," by Gidley and Gerrit S. Miller published in the Smithsonian Scientific Series, circa 1930-1931
Folder 1 Miscellaneous notes, 1911, and undated
Folder 2 Illustrations - Claenodon, undated
Folder 3 Illustrations - Cumberland Cave fossils, circa 1920
Folder 4 Illustrations - Dromomeryx Mascalensis, undated
Folder 5 Illustrations - Epigaulus, undated
Folder 6 Illustrations - Fort Union mammals, undated
Folder 7 Illustrations - Fort Union primates, circa 1923
Folder 8 Illustrations - Myrmeoboides, undated
Folder 9 Illustrations - Procyon simus, 1905
Folder 10 Illustrations - Ptilodus, 1909
Folder 11 Illustrations - Pycnodont fishes, 1913
Folder 12 Illustrations - Titanoides, 1917
Folder 13 Illustrations - Ursus Primaerus, undated
Folder 14 Illustrations - Miscellaneous, undated
Folder 15 Photographs - Renick, West Virginia fossil fields, circa 1918
Using the Archives' Collections
Note: In order to access PDFs, you must have the Adobe Acrobat Reader software which is available free of charge.