SIA RU007174, Young, Stanley Paul 1889-1969, Stanley Paul Young Papers, 1921-1965

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Summary

Creator:
Young, Stanley Paul 1889-1969
Title:
Stanley Paul Young Papers, 1921-1965
Dates:
1921, 1921-1965
Notes:
Stanley Paul Young (1889-1969) was born in Astoria, Oregon, and grew up in that region. His outdoor interests led him to the University of Oregon where he received his B.A. in mining engineering in 1911. He went to the University of Michigan for graduate work in geology, but his interests changed and he completed his M.S. in biology
In 1917, Young was hired as a ranger for the United States Forest Service. A few months later Young joined the Bureau of Biological Survey, United States Department of Agriculture, as a hunter, assigned to control predatory animals which were destroying the livestock of local ranchers
In 1919, Young became Assistant Inspector for Arizona and New Mexico and, in 1921, agent-in-control of predatory animal work in the Colorado-Kansas district. He remained there until 1927 when he was assigned to Washington, D.C., as Assistant Head of the Division of Predatory Animal and Rodent Control. In Washington, Young filled a variety of positions in the Biological Survey: Chief of the Division of Economic Operations, 1928-1934; Chief of the Division of Game Management, 1934-1938; and Chief of the Division of Predator and Rodent Control, 1938-1939. When the Biological Survey was transferred to the Department of Interior in 1939, Young was made Senior Biologist in the Branch of Wildlife Research where he worked with Hartley H. T. Jackson. In 1957, when the Bird and Mammal Laboratories were made an independent research unit, Young was named the first Director and remained there until his retirement in 1959
Young's chief research interests were the predatory mammals of the West: the wolf, coyote, puma, and bobcat
Summary:
The papers of Stanley Paul Young consist of records from his predatory animal control work; personal, official, and professional correspondence; material on his publications; and material on his professional career. Additional Young material can be found in record unit 7171, the Bird and Mammal Laboratories Records
Topic:
Mammalogy
Subjects:
Jackson, Hartley H. T (Hartley Harrad Thompson) 1881-1976, United States Bureau of Biological Survey, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Bird and Mammal Laboratories, University of Oregon, University of Michigan, United States Forest Service, United States Dept. of Agriculture, United States Dept. of the Interior
Form/Genre:
Photographs, Collection descriptions
Local Number:
SIA RU007174
Physical Description:
1.3 linear meters

Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 7174

Young, Stanley Paul, 1889-1969

Stanley Paul Young Papers, 1921-1965

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Young, Stanley Paul, 1889-1969
Title: Stanley Paul Young Papers
Dates: 1921-1965
Quantity: 1.3 linear meters.
Collection: Record Unit 7174
Language of Materials: English

Historical Note

Stanley Paul Young (1899-1969) was born in Astoria, Oregon, on October 30, 1899. The son of a pioneer Columbia River salmon packer, Young grew up in that region and spent a good part of his boyhood in outdoor pursuits. His interests led him to the University of Oregon where he received his B.A. in mining engineering in 1911. He went to the University of Michigan for graduate work in geology, but his interests changed and he completed his M.S. in biology.

In 1917, on his way to California to teach, Young stopped to see his brother in Arizona. While there, he was offered a position as a ranger for the U.S. Forest Service, which he accepted. A few months later he joined the Bureau of Biological Survey of the Department of Agriculture as a hunter. He worked in that area to control predatory animals that were destroying the livestock of local ranchers. While on the job, he crossed the Mexican border, was captured by Pancho Villa, and remained in his camp for a week before being rescued.

In 1919, Young became assistant inspector for Arizona and New Mexico and, in 1921, agent-in-control of predatory animal work in the Colorado-Kansas district. He remained there until 1927 when he was assigned to Washington, D.C., as assistant head of the Division of Predatory Animal and Rodent Control. In Washington, Young filled a variety of positions in the Biological Survey: chief of the Division of Economic Operations, 1928-1934; chief of the Division of Game Management, 1934-1938, and chief of the Division of Predator and Rodent Control, 1938-1939. When the Biological Survey was transferred to the Department of Interior in 1939, Young was made senior biologist in the Branch of Wildlife Research, where he worked with Hartley H. T. Jackson. In 1957, when the Bird and Mammal Laboratories were made an independent research unit, Young was named the first director and remained there until his retirement in 1959.

Young's chief interests were the predatory mammals of the West: the wolf, coyote, puma, and bobcat. His major publications included The Wolves of North America, with Edward Alphonso Goldman (1944), The Puma, Mysterious American Cat, with E. A. Goldman (1946), The Wolf in North American History (1946), The Clever Coyote, with Hartley H. T. Jackson (1951), and The Bobcat of North America (1958).

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Introduction

This finding aid was digitized with funds generously provided by the Smithsonian Institution Women's Committee.

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Descriptive Entry

The papers of Stanley Paul Young consist of papers from his predatory animal control work; personal, official and professional correspondence; material on his publications; and material on his professional career. Additional Young material can be found in Record Unit 7171, the Bird and Mammal Laboratories Records.

Correspondents include: John Warren Aldrich, Durward L. Allen, Frank G. Ashbrook, John H. Baker, Rollin Harold Baker, Fred S. Barkalow, J. Neilson Barry, William Bonar Bell, Clifford Berryman, Theodore S. Bober, Irwin Theodore Bode, Paul Bransom, Walter John Breckenridge, James P. Buchanan, Milton H. Buehler, Noble E. Buell, Nelson Gardiner Bump, William H. Burt, Victor H. Cahalane, Arthur H. Carhart, Emma M. Charters, Clarence Cottam, Ian McTaggart Cowan, Jay N. Darling, William B. Davis, Albert M. Day, J. Kenneth Doutt, Frank Dufresne, Kenneth L. Duke, Richard P. Eckels, Robert K. Enders, Ira N. Gabrielson, Marshall C. Gardner, Francis Earl Garlough, John C. Gatlin, Donald A. Gilchrist, Raymond Maurice Gilmore, Frank Glaser, Edward Alphonso Goldman, A. E. Gray, Dorr Dudley Green, Tappan Gregory, Harold H. Haecker, William John Hamilton, Jr., Van T. Harris, Carl A. Hatch, Harry B. Hawes, Donald F. Hoffmeister, Emmet T. Hooper, Hartley H. T. Jackson, W. C. Jacobsen, Stanley Gordon Jewett, J. Knox Jones, Edwin R. Kalmbach, Karl Walton Kenyon, Edwin V. Komarek, Wesley Frank Kubichek, C. R. Landon, George B. Lay, Leo L. Laythe, Clarence F. Lea, Daniel Loney Leedy, J. Stokley Ligon, Ernest R. McCray, Richard Hyde Manville, Everett M. Mercer, George A. Montgomery, Adolph Murie, Olaus Johan Murie, Otto A. Owen, Theodore Sherman Palmer, Richard H. Pough, Paul T. Quick, Paul G. Redington, Theodore H. Reed, William E. Riter, Carl P. Russell, Victor Blanchard Scheffer, Carl D. Shoemaker, Harold Cramer Smith, Lloyd Mason Smith, Melvin D. Smith, Charles C. Sperry, Gustav A. Swanson, Walter P. Taylor, Rene Thevenin, Frederic A. Ulmer, Jr., Thomas Vaughn, Frederic C. Walcott, Ernest Pillsbury Walker, Hugh M. Worcester, Stanley Paul Young, R. Scott Zimmerman.

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This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.

Name

Subject

Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection

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Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7174, Young, Stanley Paul, 1889-1969, Stanley Paul Young Papers

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Container List

Series 1

PERSONAL CORRESPONDENCE AND RELATED MATERIALS OF STANLEY PAUL YOUNG, 1938-1948, 1952-1960.

Box 1

Folders 1-4 Personal and family correspondence of Stanley Paul Young, 1938-1948, 1950, 1952-1960.

Box 1 of 11

Folder 5 Correspondence and photographs concerning proposed article on Young's boyhood trip down Nehalem River, Oregon, 1941, 1947.

Box 1 of 11

Box 2

Folder 1 Press release concerning Young's work on wolves, 1938 and list of highlights of Young's career, ca. 1956.

Box 2 of 11

Folder 2 Bibliography of Stanley Paul Young, ca. 1956, and advertisements for books.

Box 2 of 11

Series 2

CORRESPONDENCE, REPORTS, PHOTOGRAPHS AND RELATED MATERIALS CONCERNING THE OFFICIAL AND PROFESSIONAL WORK OF STANLEY PAUL YOUNG, 1927-1965.

Box 2

Folders 3-7 Professional and official correspondence. Principal correspondents include Daniel Loney Leedy, Tappan Gregory, Melvin D. Smith, Frank G. Ashbrook, Ian McTaggart Cowan, Rollin H. Baker, J. Knox Jones, Walter P. Taylor, Durward L. Allen, Jay N. Darling, Thomas Vaughn, Clarence Cottam, Dorr Dudley Green, William John Hamilton, Jr., John Warren Aldrich, Otto A. Owen, Olaus Johan Murie, Lloyd Mason Smith, Edwin R. Kalmbach, Albert M. Day, Harold M. Haecker, Noble E. Buell, Donald F. Hoffmeister, Stanley Gordon Jewett, Irwin Theodore Bode, Emmet T. Hooper, Kenneth L. Duke, Everett M. Mercer, Nelson Gardiner Bump, Raymond Maurice Gilmore, Edwin V. Komarek, William B. Davis, Marshall C. Gardiner, Theodore H. Reed, William H. Burt, Frederick A. Ulmer, J. Kenneth Doutt, Fred S. Barkalow, Karl Walton Kenyon, Van T. Harris, W. C. Jacobsen, Richard Hyde Manville, Emma M. Charters, Hugh M. Worcester, Theodore S. Bober, Arthur H. Carhart and Victor H. Cahalane. 1941, 1952-1963, 1965.

Box 2 of 11

Folder 8 Correspondence and related materials concerning the Bureau of Biological Survey, the Fish and Wildlife Service and the Branch of Wildlife Research, 1934, 1937, 1950, 1958-1959.

Box 2 of 11

Folder 9 Correspondence concerning evaluation of proposals for National Science Foundation grants, 1958-1959.

Box 2 of 11

Folder 10 Correspondence, text, notes and release concerning Young's speech at the Lewis and Clark Sesquicentennial, Astoria, Oregon, dedication of the rebuilt Fort Clatsop, August 21, 1955.

Box 2 of 11

Folder 11 Material concerning retirement dinners emceed by Young, 1955, 1957-1958.

Box 2 of 11

Box 3

Folder 1 Material concerning travel and expenditures of Stanley Paul Young, 1927-1931.

Box 3 of 11

Folder 2 Material concerning travel and expenditures of Stanley Paul Young, 1929-1935.

Box 3 of 11

Folder 3 Material concerning travel and expenditures of Stanley Paul Young, 1934-1938.

Box 3 of 11

Box 4

Folder 1 Material concerning travel and expenditures of Stanley Paul Young, 1938-1944.

Box 4 of 11

Folder 2 Material concerning travel and expenditures of Stanley Paul Young, 1945-1949.

Box 4 of 11

Folder 3 Material concerning travel and expenditures of Stanley Paul Young, 1949-1952. 1954, 1958.

Box 4 of 11

Folder 4 Trip book of Young for 1960 and 1963 including trips to Dallas, Takoma, British Columbia, Oregon, California, Texas, and New Mexico.

Box 4 of 11

Folder 5 Material concerning the American Society of Mammalogists, including letter inviting Stanley P. Young to join the society and correspondence concerning the 1959 Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C., 1928, 1958-1959.

Box 4 of 11

Box 5

Folder 1 Material concerning the Brotherhood of Venery including constitution, dues receipts and minutes and notices of meetings, 1936-1962.

Box 5 of 11

Folder 2 Material and correspondence concerning the Cosmos Club including photographs, recommendations for admission of members, newsletters, programs, directories and clippings, 1954-1961.

Box 5 of 11

Folder 3 Material and correspondence concerning the Washington Group of the Explorers Club including programs, minutes, correspondence on membership and correspondence concerning charges against a summer camp advertising in the club's journal. 1942-1949, 1958-1959, 1963.

Box 5 of 11

Folder 4 Material concerning the Outdoor Writers' Association of America, Inc., including dues notices and constitution. ca. 1960.

Box 5 of 11

Folder 5 Material concerning formation of St. Hubert Club of Washington, 1957.

Box 5 of 11

Folder 6 Material concerning Sigma Nu, 1953-1955.

Box 5 of 11

Folder 7 Material concerning Washington Biologists' Field Club.

Box 5 of 11

Box 6

Folders 1-3 Photographs of mammalogists, Alaska, wildlife and especially persons, locations, and material involved in predator and rodent control. [Negatives have been removed.]

Box 6 of 11

Box 7

Folder 1 Photographs of mammalogists, Alaska, wildlife and especially persons, locations, and material involved in predator and rodent control. [Negatives have been removed.]

Box 7 of 11

Series 3

CORRESPONDENCE, REPORTS AND RELATED MATERIAL CONCERNING PREDATORY ANIMAL AND RODENT CONTROL, 1921, 1923, 1925-1927, 1933-1939, 1946, 1954.

Box 7

Folder 2 Budget statistics for Colorado district of predatory animal control for fiscal years 1921 and 1923.

Box 7 of 11

Folder 3 Monthly and annual reports of the leader of the Colorado predatory animal control district, July 1925 to June 1927.

Box 7 of 11

Folder 4 "General Policies and Instructions for the Guidance of the Personnel of the Division of Predatory Animal and Rodent Control" January 4, 1932. Also additional memoranda and instructions issued to supplement the above handbook, 1936-1937, 1941-1942.

Box 7 of 11

Folder 5 Correspondence and material concerning the 1934 fight for appropriations for predator and rodent control work in fiscal year 1935. 1933-1934. Correspondents include Ira N. Gabrielson, Leo L. Laythe, Paul G. Redington, Clarence F. Lea, Donald A. Gilchrist, J. P. Buchanan, Frederic C. Walcott, Dorr Dudley Green.

Box 7 of 11

Folder 6 Material concerning personnel of the Division of Game Management including lists and duties. 1935-1936.

Box 7 of 11

Folder 7 Apportionment of Appropriations sheets for the Division of Game Management, FY 1935-FY 1937.

Box 7 of 11

Folder 8 Predator control statistic sheets giving statistics for the years 1916-39. 1937-39.

Box 7 of 11

Folder 9 Correspondence concerning the methods and value of predator and rodent control. Correspondents include Carl D. Shoemaker, Richard H. Pough, Ira N. Gabrielson, John H. Baker and Jay N. Darling, 1939.

Box 7 of 11

Folder 10 Correspondence and material concerning the budget for predatory animal and rodent control for FY 1940. 1937-1939.

Box 7 of 11

Folder 11 Photograph of participants in the 1946 Conference of Regions I, II and III of the Division of Predator and Rodent Control.

Box 7 of 11

Box 8

Scrapbook containing clippings, brochures, and related materials on predatory animal and rodent control.

Box 8 of 11

Box 9

Folder 1 Correspondence and material concerning the 6th General Conference of the Branch of Predator and Rodent Control, September 1954.

Box 9 of 11

Series 4

CORRESPONDENCE, NOTES AND RELATED MATERIALS CONCERNING THE PUBLICATIONS OF STANLEY PAUL YOUNG, 1931, 1937-1957.

Box 9

Folder 2 "Hints on Bobcat Trapping," 1931.

Box 9 of 11

Folder 3 Correspondence concerning The Wolves of North America. Correspondents include Frank Dufresne, J. Stokley Ligon, Rene Thevenin, Harry B. Hawes, Ernest Pillsbury Walker, Victor B. Scheffer, Tappan Gregory, Frank Glaser, Richard P. Eckels, Victor H. Cahalane, William Bonar Bell, Carl A. Hatch, J. Neilson Barry, W. J. Breckenridge, Adolph Murie, George B. Lay, Dorr Dudley Green, F. E. Garlough, and E. M. Mercer. 1937-1942.

Box 9 of 11

Folder 4 Material used in preparation of The Wolves of North America including maps, newspaper clippings, interview notes and 1896 correspondence of Theodore S. Palmer concerning wolf bounties.

Box 9 of 11

Folder 5 Correspondence concerning history of the steel trap, 1938-1940. Additional material in preceding two folders.

Box 9 of 11

Folder 6 Correspondence and typescript concerning article "Random Shots from Research" for Western Sportsman. Principal correspondent is Clifford Berryman. 1941.

Box 9 of 11

Folder 7 Correspondence and material concerning The Wolf in North American History, 1941.

Box 9 of 11

Box 10

Folder 1 Correspondence and material concerning The Puma, Mysterious American Cat. Principal correspondents include E. M. Mercer, Edward Alphonso Goldman, W. E. Riter, Charles C. Sperry, Dorr Dudley Green, Ernest Pillsbury Walker, John C. Gatlin, Milton H. Buehler, R. Scott Zimmerman, Hartley H. T. Jackson, and Victor H. Cahalane. 1941-1945.

Box 10 of 11

Folder 2 Correspondence and material concerning The Clever Coyote. Principal correspondents include Dorr Dudley Green, Everett M. Mercer, Ernest R. McCray, Edwin R. Kalmbach, Paul T. Quick, George A. Montgomery, Frank Dufresne, W. F. Kubichek, and Gustav A. Swanson. 1940, 1944-1948.

Box 10 of 11

Folder 3 Correspondence and material concerning a chapter on the early history of the deer for The Deer, the Indians and the American Pioneers. Principal correspondents include Walter P. Taylor and Gustav A. Swanson. 1948-1953, 1956.

Box 10 of 11

Folder 4 Correspondence and material concerning The Bobcat of North America. Principal correspondents include Frederick A. Ulmer, Jr., A. E. Gray, Paul Bransom, Edwin R. Kalmbach, Everett M. Mercer, Harold Cramer Smith, C. R. Landon, Carl P. Russell, Marshall C. Gardner, Robert K. Enders, and Kenneth L. Duke, 1947-1957.

Box 10 of 11

Folder 5 Material used in preparation of The Bobcat of North America.

Box 10 of 11

Series 5

COPY NEGATIVES.

Box 11

Copy Negatives

Box 11 of 11

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