SIA RU007002, Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887, Spencer F. Baird Papers, 1833-1889

* required
Please succinctly provide us with any information pertinent to your inquiry. If you are writing to us about a research request, provide as much detail as possible about the collections in which you are interested (including collection numbers, box numbers, and folder titles).
(if known)
CAPTCHA
This question is for testing whether you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.

Summary

Creator:
Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887
Title:
Spencer F. Baird Papers, 1833-1889
Dates:
1833, 1833-1889
Notes:
The career of Spencer F. Baird (1823-1887) is fully documented in the Smithsonian Archives. Most letters between Baird and Louis Agassiz have been published in Elmer Charles Herber, editor, Correspondence between Spencer Fullerton Baird and Louis Agassiz -- Two Pioneer American Naturalists (Smithsonian Institution Press, 1963)
Summary:
The Baird Papers begin about 1833 with family correspondence and early journals and include records of Baird's education and teaching career, the latter dating from 1846 to 1850. The period between 1843 and 1869 Baird devoted to investigation of the vertebrate fauna of North America, and throughout the forty years from 1840 to 1880 he contributed greatly to scientific literature in this and other areas of natural science. From 1850 to 1878 Baird was Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, and from 1878 to his death he was Secretary. Baird was a prolific correspondent. He wrote most of the important naturalists of his day, and almost one-half of these papers consists of letters written or received by Baird. Although official correspondence theoretically was relegated to Smithsonian records, in practice Baird observed no boundaries between professional and official; thus, these papers contain drafts of Smithsonian reports and correspondence relating to official functions. From 1871 until his death, Baird served as United States Fish Commissioner. Most of Baird's work as Commissioner is documented in this record unit. The extensive correspondence, here and in the Assistant Secretary's records, of Baird's work with the exploring expeditions, especially the Ringgold, Hudson Bay Territory, United States and Mexican Survey, and the Northern Pacific Railroad Route, is also important
Topics:
Ichthyology, Natural history, Ornithology
Subjects:
Agassiz, Louis 1807-1873, Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887, Baird, Lucy Hunter 1848-1913, Ringgold, Cadwalader 1802-1867, Smithsonian Institution, United States Fish Commission, United States and Mexican Boundary Survey, Smithsonian Institution Assistant Secretary, Smithsonian Institution Office of the Secretary, Hudson Bay Territory Expeditions, United States North Pacific Exploring Expedition (1853-1856), Northern Pacific Railroad Route Expedition
Form/Genre:
Mixed archival materials, Collection descriptions
Local Number:
SIA RU007002
Physical Description:
9.6 linear meters and oversize

Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 7002

Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887

Spencer Fullerton Baird Papers, 1833-1889

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887
Title: Spencer Fullerton Baird Papers
Dates: 1833-1889
Quantity: 9.6 linear meters and oversize.
Collection: Record Unit 7002
Language of Materials: English

Historical Note

Spencer Fullerton Baird, a zoologist and administrator, was born in Reading, Pennsylvania on February 3, 1823. After his father's death in 1833, Baird's family moved to Carlisle, Pennsylvania, where other family members resided. Baird attended Nottingham Academy in Port Deposit, Maryland, during 1834, and Carlisle public school from 1835 to 1836. Baird then attended Dickinson College where he received an A.B. degree in 1840. During the fall of 1841, Baird was a medical apprentice under Dr. Middleton Goldsmith in New York City, but by January 1842, he decided not to pursue further studies in the medical field. He continued his education at Dickinson College and received an M.A. in 1843.

As a child in Carlisle, Baird developed an interest in natural history nurtured by long treks through the countryside in the company of his oldest brother, William, an accomplished amateur ornithologist. By 1840, Baird began a period of intensive studies and specimen collecting of natural history in the New England and mid-Atlantic states.

Baird was given an honorary professorship at Dickinson College in 1845. A year later, he received a permanent position at Dickinson in which he served as librarian and curator of the college's natural history collections, as well as professor of natural history.

In 1850, Baird left Dickinson College to become an Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (SI). He served in this capacity from 1850 to 1878. In May 1878, Baird was elected the Smithsonian's second Secretary. Baird served as Secretary until his death on August 17, 1887.

During his long career at the SI, Baird oversaw the development of the United States National Museum (USNM), the holdings of which increased from some 6,000 specimens in 1850 to over two and one half million at the time of his death. In addition, Baird oversaw a vast network of natural history collectors, administered the USNM, served as mentor and friend to a generation of young naturalists such as Robert Ridgway, William H. Dall, Robert Kennicott, and William Stimpson, and continued to produce scientific work of real distinction.

From 1871 to 1887, Baird served as the first Commissioner of the Commission of Fish and Fisheries, an unpaid position he held concurrently with his Smithsonian post. As Fish Commissioner, Baird pioneered in the development of economic ichthyology in North America; established the Marine Biological Station at Woods Hole, Massachusetts; organized the expeditions of the Fish Commission's research ship, Albatross; and coordinated the state fish hatcheries.

Baird's main scientific work was in ornithology, herpetology, and ichthyology, and several of his publications remained definitive works for decades. His meticulous description and technique influenced the American ornithological community to such degrees that he was credited with founding the so-called Bairdian school of ornithology. Baird also edited and translated the Bilder-Atlas zum Converzation Lexicon from German to English. The American version, Iconographic Encyclopedia of Science, Literature and Art, was published in 1852.

Top of Page

Chronology

  • February 23, 1823
  • Born in Reading, Pennsylvania, third child and third son of Samuel Baird, II, and Lydia MacFunn Biddle; named after Spencer Fullerton, a distant relative who died a few months prior to Spencer F. Baird's birth.
  • 1833
  • Samuel Baird, II (born 1786), died of cholera, Reading, Pennsylvania.
  • 1834
  • Baird family moved to Carlisle, Pennsylvania (Cumberland County), to live near mother's relatives. Spencer F. Baird attended Nottingham Academy near Port Deposit, Maryland, for six months.
  • 1835-1836
  • Attended Carlisle day school.
  • 1836
  • Entered Dickinson College in Carlisle.
  • 1838
  • Began keeping meteorological record of the Carlisle vicinity; and began collecting birds with oldest brother, William McFunn Baird, who was also an amateur ornithologist.
  • 1839
  • Began keeping journal of activities, and specimen collections.
  • 1839
  • Visited the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia; and conducted surveying trip with an uncle along the Schuykill River, near Philadelphia.
  • June 4, 1840
  • First letter to John James Audubon regarding a new species of fly catchers.
  • June 9, 1840
  • Received A.B. degree from Dickinson College.
  • January 1841
  • Attended the Periodical Library Association meeting. Field trip, hiked 83 miles.
  • March-August, 1841
  • Hiked 565 miles.
  • Fall 1841
  • Medical apprentice under Dr. Middleton Goldsmith, New York City.
  • January 1842
  • Ill with flu, returned to Carlisle; decided not to pursue a career in medical sciences.
  • March 1842
  • Field trip, hiked 105 miles.
  • 1842
  • Walked to Baltimore, then traveled by train to Washington; examined specimens collected by the Wilkes Expedition stored at the United States Patent Office.
  • 1842
  • Declined to join John James Audubon's expedition to the Yellowstone River Valley (Montana) due to poor health and family anxieties.
  • July 13, 1843
  • Received M.A. degree from Dickinson College.
  • 1844
  • "Birds of Cumberland County," co-authored with William M. Baird, published.
  • 1845
  • "Trees and Shrubs of Cumberland County," co-authored with William M. Baird, published.
  • Fall 1845
  • Elected honorary professor of natural history without pay at Dickinson College, and curator of the college's natural history cabinet.
  • 1846
  • First visit to Boston.
  • August 8, 1846
  • Married Mary Helen Churchill (born 1821).
  • Fall 1846
  • Elected full professor of natural history with pay at Dickinson College.
  • 1847
  • Recommended for Curator of the Smithsonian Institution's natural history collections.
  • February 8, 1848
  • Birth of daughter, Lucy Hunter Baird.
  • 1848-1851
  • Translated the Bilder-Atlas zum Conversation Lexicon from German to English; renamed the Iconographic Encyclopedia of Science, Literature and Art, published 1852.
  • 1849
  • Field trip to western Virginia. Became seriously ill with dysentery; later recovered.
  • July 5, 1850
  • Appointed Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution (SI).
  • October 5, 1850
  • Started as Assistant Secretary of the SI.
  • November 3, 1850
  • Transported two freight cars of personal natural history collection to SI.
  • 1850-1854
  • Permanent Secretary of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences (AAAS).
  • 1851
  • Attended AAAS meeting at Cincinnati, Ohio. Field trip with J. K. Kirtland.
  • 1853
  • "A Catalogue of North American Serpents," published.
  • 1854
  • "A Catalogue of North American Mammals," published.
  • 1856
  • Received Doctor of Physical Science degree, Dickinson College.
  • 1857
  • "A Catalogue of North American Birds," and "Mammals of North America," volume 8, Pacific Railroad Report published.
  • 1858
  • "Birds of North America," volume 9, Pacific Railroad Report published.
  • 1859
  • "Reptiles and Amphibians of North America," volume 10, Pacific Railroad Report published.
  • Summer 1861
  • Field trip to New Jersey, New York, New England. Attended conference in Montreal, Canada.
  • Summer 1862
  • Field trip to New York and New England; first visit to Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
  • 1864
  • "Review of North American Birds, 1864-1866," published.
  • January 24, 1865
  • Smithsonian Institution building fire.
  • 1870-1878
  • Scientific editor for the Harper's Weekly.
  • 1871-1887
  • Commissioner of the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries (USCFF); served without pay.
  • Summer 1871
  • Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
  • Summer 1872
  • Eastport, Maine.
  • Summer 1873
  • Peake's Island, Maine.
  • Summer 1874
  • Noank, Connecticut.
  • 1874
  • "A History of North American Birds," co-authored with Robert Ridgway and Thomas M. Brewer, published.
  • Summer 1875
  • Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
  • 1875-1876
  • Member of the Board of Directors for the International Exposition of Philadelphia (United States Centennial). Coordinated SI, USCFF, and USNM exhibits.
  • March 1877
  • Visited Florida.
  • Summer 1877
  • Glouchester, Massachusetts. Delegate at the Halifax, Nova Scotia (Canada), Fisheries Conference.
  • May 18, 1878
  • Death of Joseph Henry, SI's first Secretary.
  • May 19, 1878
  • Elected SI's second Secretary.
  • Summer 1878
  • Gloucester, Massachusetts.
  • Summer 1879
  • Provincetown, Massachusetts.
  • 1879-1881
  • USNM building under construction; opened 1881.
  • Summers 1881-1887
  • Woods Hole, Massachusetts.
  • 1884
  • USCFF's temporary buildings at Woods Hole burned; permanent structures built.
  • 1885
  • James Chenowith, an examiner for the United States Department of the Treasury, accused the USCFF of misappropriation of funds for staff living quarters; USCFF acquitted.
  • 1886
  • Doctorate of Law from Harvard University.
  • August 19, 1887
  • Died at Woods Hole, aged 64.
  • 1888
  • Congress compensated Baird's widow and daughter for Baird's unpaid service as USCFF Commissioner, and for the USCFF's use of Baird's home for offices, $50,000.00.
  • 1890
  • Death of Mary Helen Churchill Baird, aged 69.
  • 1913
  • Death of Lucy Hunter Baird, aged 65.
  • 1915
  • "Spencer Fullerton Baird," by William H. Dall, published.

Top of Page

Introduction

The Spencer F. Baird Papers are the combination of several different deposits. One group was originally labeled "Private" by the Smithsonian Institution Archives at the time they were received. Another group came to the Smithsonian from Lucy Hunter Baird (Baird's daughter), or from her estate after her death.

Top of Page

Descriptive Entry

The Spencer F. Baird Collection documents Baird's personal and professional life. Included are records from his career as administrator at the Smithsonian Institution (SI), the United States National Museum (USNM), the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries (USCFF), and to a lesser extent, Dickinson College. Some of the collection postdates Baird's life, including condolences to family members, the lobbying efforts to compensate Baird's widow and daughter for Baird's unpaid service at the USCFF, and correspondence between Baird's biographers and acquaintances. Also, there are documents which predate Baird's life, including mementos from Baird's wife's family.

Spencer F. Baird was a prolific letter writer. This collection includes a correspondence register which lists incoming and outgoing correspondence, 1850-1853; and Baird's private correspondence, incoming and outgoing, 1845-1888. Correspondents include family members, naturalists, personal acquaintances, politicians, field collectors, publishers, newspaper reporters, medical physicians, merchants, business associates, government officials, staff members, and scientific organizations.

Other materials relating to Baird's life include diaries and journals, newspaper and journal articles, photographs, drawings, personal miscellany, medical miscellany, and fiscal matters. Papers relating to Baird's family include correspondence, photographs, genealogical information, drawings, and mementos.

Papers relating to Baird's scientific interests, especially in the synonymy of North American fauna and flora, include specimen lists; a draft of the synopsis of North American birds; monograph drafts; extracts from scientific publications; bibliographical references; portions of Baird's translations of the Iconographic Encyclopedia; an unbound German version of the Bilder-Atlas; and lithographs.

Papers relating to Baird's career as a professor at Dickinson College include drafts of annual reports and lecture notes.

Materials concerning the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences (AAAS) include correspondence, member lists, meeting announcements, fiscal records, and circulars sent out to AAAS members in 1852.

Papers relating to SI and the USNM contain Baird's drafts of SI annual reports, including drafts of annual reports for the USCFF; diaries, mostly documenting library and visitor activities; lists and distribution records of SI publications and specimens; correspondence, mostly concerning specimens; memoranda; and circulars sent to SI correspondents, 1875.

Materials relating to explorations in which Baird distributed equipment and information to field collectors and collaborators include correspondence, reports, account books, lists, and receipts for equipment purchased.

Papers relating to the USCFF include documentation relating to the Chenowith Case of 1885; the lobbying efforts to compensate the Baird family for Baird's unpaid service as USCFF Commissioner; reports and expense receipts; newspaper articles; correspondence; and memoranda.

Papers relating to Baird's daughter, Lucy Hunter Baird, include typescripts of entries extracted from her father's journals and correspondence, including notations, and correspondence with family members and acquaintances.

Papers relating to the biographers (George Brown Goode, William H. Dall, and Lucy Hunter Baird) include correspondence with Baird acquaintances; and a photograph of the Baird family home in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 1914.

Oversize materials include certificates of membership to scientific organizations, diplomas, Baird drawings, a German lithograph portrait with Baird's handwriting, 1855, and a photograph of Baird, circa 1880.

Top of Page

Access Restriction

(1) Some items cannot be reproduced because of legibility and bindings; (2) record unit partially microfilmed; (3) use of this record unit requires prior arrangement with the Archives staff.

Top of Page

Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7002, Baird, Spencer Fullerton, 1823-1887, Spencer Fullerton Baird Papers

Top of Page

Container List

Series 1

CORRESPONDENCE REGISTER, 1850-1853.

Box 1

Folder 1 Correspondence Register (Letters sent and received), 1850-1853

Box 1 of 78

Folder 2 Incoming Correspondence Index

Box 1 of 78

Series 2

PRIVATE OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, LETTERPRESS BOOKS, 1849-1888.

This series consists of forty volumes of letterpress books containing Baird's private outgoing correspondence. Volumes one to thirty-nine cover the period from 1849 to 1887, beginning when Baird was a natural history professor at Dickinson College, and ending shortly before his death. Correspondents include family members, naturalists, personal acquaintances, merchants, government officials, and staff members.

Of special note, volume thirty-eight includes outgoing correspondence written by Baird's daughter, Lucy Hunter Baird, and Baird's wife, Mary Helen Churchill Baird, during 1888. Volume thirty-nine, entitled, "Specially Private Letters, 1885-1887," contains correspondence with politicians and newspaper reporters in connection with the Chenowith Case during 1885; and correspondence with physicians in which Baird described his health and medical treatments. Volume forty contains outgoing correspondence with members of the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences from 1850 to 1854, including the period when Baird served as Permanent Secretary.

Letterpress volumes are restricted. Microfilms of these volumes are available for viewing. Also, Baird's daughter, Lucy, extracted selected outgoing correspondence for a biography of her father. These excerpts were copied from volumes one, two, and five.

Box 2

Folders 1-2 Volume 1. November 3, 1849-December 31, 1850. Also includes 10 documents, May 12, 1856-June 15, 1856, and undated, and excerpts from volume 1.

Box 2 of 78

Folders 3A-5 Volumes 2-3. January 11, 1851-April 26, 1860. Includes excerpts from volume 2.

Box 2 of 78

Box 3

Folders 1-3 Volumes 4-5. June 17, 1856-December 30, 1864. Includes excerpts from volume 5.

Box 3 of 78

Folder 4 Volume 6. December 31, 1864-December 26, 1869.

Box 3 of 78

Box 3A

Folder 1 Volume 7. December 31, 1864-December 26, 1869.

Box 3A of 78

Box 4

Folders 1-4 Volumes 8-11. December 25, 1869-May 28, 1872.

Box 4 of 78

Box 5

Folders 1-4 Volumes 12-15. May 29, 1872-May 13, 1874.

Box 5 of 78

Box 6

Folders 1-4 Volumes 16-19. May 14, 1874-June 24, 1876.

Box 6 of 78

Box 7

Folders 1-3 Volumes 20-22. June 24, 1876 (cont'd)-July 27, 1878.

Box 7 of 78

Box 8

Folders 1-3 Volumes 23-25. July 29, 1878-December 28, 1880.

Box 8 of 78

Box 9

Folders 1-3 Volumes 26-28. December 13, 1880-May 16, 1883.

Box 9 of 78

Box 10

Folders 1-4 Volumes 29-32. May 16, 1883 (cont`d)-March 31, 1885.

Box 10 of 78

Box 11

Folders 1-4 Volumes 33-36. April 1, 1885-June 21, 1887.

Box 11 of 78

Box 12

Folder 1 Volume 37. May 21, 1887-February 20, 1888.

Box 12 of 78

Folder 2 Volume 38. "Specially Private Letters," August 15, 1868-March 9, 1885.

Box 12 of 78

Folder 3 Volume 39. "Specially Private Letters," April 18, 1885-May 9, 1887.

Box 12 of 78

Folder 4 American Association for the Advancement of Sciences. September 14, 1850-April 5, 1854.

Box 12 of 78

Series 3

PRIVATE INCOMING AND OUTGOING CORRESPONDENCE, 1845-1887.

This series consists of Spencer F. Baird's private incoming and outgoing correspondence relating to his personal life and professional career. Baird maintained an extensive correspondence with domestic and international scientists in all fields of natural history. Correspondents include officers and staff members of the Smithsonian Institution (SI), the United States National Museum (USNM), the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries (USCFF), government officials, publishers, naturalists, field collectors, business associates, family members, and friends. Correspondence concerns the administrations of SI, USNM, and USCFF; dealings with publisher Rudolph Garrigue regarding the Iconographic Encyclopedia; transportation arrangements; architectural details for the USNM building; collecting specimens; purchases of equipment; publication details; and personal matters. Correspondence and other files relating to scientific societies, government agencies, and other organizations can be found in series 2-18.

Other Baird correspondence, which may be related to correspondence in this collection, is located among official records of the Smithsonian Institution. See Record Units 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 32, and 33 of the Smithsonian Archives.

Box 13

Folder 1 Aale, Nicolai(?), 1845

Box 13 of 78

Folder 2 Abbe, Cleveland, 1876-1881

Box 13 of 78

Folder 3 Abell-Abert

Box 13 of 78

Folder 4 Academy-Adams

Box 13 of 78

Folder 5 Adams Express Company, 1866-1885

Box 13 of 78

Folders 6-7 Agassiz, Alexander, 1873-1887

Box 13 of 78

Folder 8 Agassiz, Elizabeth C., 1870, 1885

Box 13 of 78

Folder 9 Agassiz, Lizzie, 1851, 1853

Box 13 of 78

Folders 10-14 Agassiz, Jean-Louis, 1847-1873. NOTE: Letters between Baird and Agassiz have been published in Elmer Charles Herber's edition, Correspondence Between Spencer Fullerton Baird and Louis Agassiz Two Pioneer American Naturalists (Smithsonian Press, 1963).

Box 13 of 78

Folder 15 Agriculture, United States Department of, 1867-1879

Box 13 of 78

Folder 16 Aigner-All

Box 13 of 78

Folder 17 Allen, G.-Allen, W.

Box 13 of 78

Folder 18 Almen-Alvord

Box 13 of 78

Folder 19 American Academy of Arts and Sciences, The, 1880; American and Foreign Teacher Agency, 1879

Box 13 of 78

Folder 20 American Association for the Advancement of Sciences, 1850-1857. Consists of incoming correspondence to Baird while he served as Permanent Secretary of AAAS. Also includes financial reports, proceedings and membership lists, and records regarding distribution of the AAAS's Proceedings.

Box 13 of 78

Folder 21 American Association of the Red Cross-American Watch Company

Box 13 of 78

Folder 22 Ames-Appleton

Box 13 of 78

Box 14

Folder 1 Archer-Art

Box 14 of 78

Folder 2 Ashland-Ashmead

Box 14 of 78

Folder 3 Askew-Associated

Box 14 of 78

Folder 4 Atchison-Atwater, C.

Box 14 of 78

Folders 5-6 Atwater, Wilbur Olin, 1873-1879

Box 14 of 78

Folder 7 Atwood, Myrick-Atwood, N. E.

Box 14 of 78

Folder 8 Audubon, John James, 1840-1846. This folder includes: a) Copy of a letter, dated July 30, 1842, in which Audubon recommended Baird to help with the specimens collected by the United States Exploring Expedition; b) Typescript abstracts from Baird's journal containing references to Audubon, 1841-1847; c) Lists of dates and numbers of letters from Audubon to Baird, 1840-1847; d) Lists of inquiries and words looked up in letters from correspondence by S. F. Baird and William M. Baird.

Box 14 of 78

Folder 9 Audubon, Victor Gifford, 1843, 1846, 1850, 1854

Box 14 of 78

Folder 10 Ayres, W. O., 1853, 1859

Box 14 of 78

Folder 11 Babcock, D. S.-Babcock, O. E.

Box 14 of 78

Folder 12 Bache, Alexander Dallas, 1852-1854

Box 14 of 78

Folder 13 Bacon-Bailliere

Box 14 of 78

Folder 14 Baird, A.-Baird, J.

Box 14 of 78

Folder 15 Baker G.-Baker, S.

Box 14 of 78

Folder 16 Baldwin-Bannister

Box 14 of 78

Folder 17 Barker, G. F., 1875-1883

Box 14 of 78

Folder 18 Barker, J.-Barryman

Box 14 of 78

Folder 19 Bartholo-Bayard

Box 14 of 78

Folder 20 Beale-Becker

Box 14 of 78

Folder 21 Beckhaus and Allgaier, 1860-1865

Box 14 of 78

Folder 22 Bectam-Belknap

Box 14 of 78

Folder 23 Bell-Beyerle

Box 14 of 78

Folder 24 Bibb-Biddle, C.

Box 14 of 78

Folders 25-30 Biddle, Thomas A. and Company, 1865-1887

Box 14 of 78

Folder 31 Bigelow-Bishop

Box 14 of 78

Box 15

Folder 1 Blackburn, Thomas, 1882

Box 15 of 78

Folder 2 Blackford, Eugene G., 1878-1884

Box 15 of 78

Folder 3 Blackwell-Blair

Box 15 of 78

Folder 4 Blake, C.-Blake, W.

Box 15 of 78

Folder 5 Bland-Blumenthal

Box 15 of 78

Folders 6-12 Boardman, George A., 1865, 1867-1887

Box 15 of 78

Folder 13 Boehmer-Boswell

Box 15 of 78

Folder 14 Boulton-Boyer

Box 15 of 78

Folder 15 Bradfield-Brehm

Box 15 of 78

Folder 16 Brevoort, J. Carson, 1852-1853, 1867-1878

Box 15 of 78

Folder 17 Brewer and Pilesher-Brewer, S.

Box 15 of 78

Folders 18-23 Brewer, Thomas M., 1844-1867

Box 15 of 78

Box 16

Folders 1-7 Brewer, Thomas M., 1868-1879

Box 16 of 78

Folder 8 Bridges-Brooks

Box 16 of 78

Folder 9 Brown, A. D.-Brown, S. A.

Box 16 of 78

Folder 10 Brown, S. C., 1882-1887

Box 16 of 78

Folders 11-12 Brown, Solomon G., 1855-1870

Box 16 of 78

Folder 13 Brown, T.-Bryan, E. C.

Box 16 of 78

Folder 14 Bryant, E. B., 1864-1878

Box 16 of 78

Folders 15-17 Bryant, Henry, 1859-1867, 1869

Box 16 of 78

Folder 18 Bryant, W. S.-Bryres

Box 16 of 78

Folder 19 B, unidentified

Box 16 of 78

Box 17

Folder 1 Cabinus-Candler

Box 17 of 78

Folder 2 Canfield-Cassin, C.

Box 17 of 78

Folders 3-13 Cassin, John, 1843-1868

Box 17 of 78

Folder 14 Cassin, R.-Caton

Box 17 of 78

Folder 15 Cemtire(?)-Century

Box 17 of 78

Folder 16 Centennial Commission, United States, 1873-1876

Box 17 of 78

Folder 17 Chadbourne, B. L., 1857, 1865-1870, 1879

Box 17 of 78

Folder 18 Chadbourne, L.-Chase

Box 17 of 78

Folder 19 Chenoworth-Chouteau

Box 17 of 78

Folder 20 Christian-Clark, J. H.

Box 17 of 78

Folder 21 Clark, John Henry, 1857-1882

Box 17 of 78

Folder 22 Clark, Joseph-Clarke

Box 17 of 78

Box 18

Folder 1 Clem-Clover

Box 18 of 78

Folder 2 Cluss, Adolf, 1878-1885

Box 18 of 78

Folder 3 Clutter-Collins

Box 18 of 78

Folder 4 Colt-Cooper

Box 18 of 78

Folder 5 Cope, Edward Drinker, 1869-1886

Box 18 of 78

Folder 6 Coppee-Corson

Box 18 of 78

Folder 7 Cosmos Club, 1878-1886

Box 18 of 78

Folder 8 Couch, Darius Nash, 1853-1855, 1860

Box 18 of 78

Folders 9-14 Coues, Elliott, 1864-1886

Box 18 of 78

Folder 15 Coues, S.-Cozzens

Box 18 of 78

Folder 16 Craig-Crawford

Box 18 of 78

Folder 17 Creswell-Curtis

Box 18 of 78

Folder 18 Cushing, Frank Hamilton, 1879, 1882

Box 18 of 78

Folder 19 Cushing, W.-Cuyler

Box 18 of 78

Folder 20 Dahlgren-Dall, C.

Box 18 of 78

Folders 21-25 Dall, William Healey, 1866-1885

Box 18 of 78

Box 19

Folder 1 Damon, G.-Damon, W.

Box 19 of 78

Folder 2 Dana, Edward Salisbury, 1874-1879

Box 19 of 78

Folder 3 Dana, Henrietta Silliman, 1866-1874

Box 19 of 78

Folders 4-5 Dana, James Dwight, 1844-1881. Includes a copy of "instruction of Captain Wilkes," 1838.

Box 19 of 78

Folder 6 Dandridge-Davidson

Box 19 of 78

Folder 7 Davis, A.-Davis, W.

Box 19 of 78

Folder 8 Dawes-Day. Dawes, H. L., includes correspondence and memoranda preliminary to the passage of law establishing the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries, 1870.

Box 19 of 78

Folder 9 Deacon-Dexter

Box 19 of 78

Folder 10 Dickinson, C.-Dickinson, T.

Box 19 of 78

Folder 11 Diebitsch-Dieter

Box 19 of 78

Folder 12 Diggs, Meredith, 1878-1879

Box 19 of 78

Folder 13 Diggs, S.-Dinwiddie

Box 19 of 78

Folder 14 District of Columbia: Special Assessment Office, 1880, 1885-1886

Box 19 of 78

Folder 15 District of Columbia:

Box 19 of 78
Collector of Taxes, 1868, 1872
Health Department (Inspector of Plumbing), 1886
Surveyor's Office, 1879
Water Register, Office of the, 1880-1883

Folder 16 Dixon-Doe

Box 19 of 78

Folders 17-19 Donaldson, Thomas, 1876-1887

Box 19 of 78

Folder 20 Dorflinger-Dow

Box 19 of 78

Folder 21 Draper-Drexler

Box 19 of 78

Folder 22 Dubarry-Dwight

Box 19 of 78

Folder 23 Earll-Easton

Box 19 of 78

Folder 24 Edmunds, George F., 1868-1886

Box 19 of 78

Folder 25 Edmunds, M.-Edmunds, S.

Box 19 of 78

Folder 26 Edwards-Elliot

Box 19 of 78

Folders 27-28 Elliott, Daniel Giraud, 1863-1864, 1869

Box 19 of 78

Folders 29-30 Elliott, Henry W., 1863-1886

Box 19 of 78

Folder 31 Elliott, L.-Elwyn

Box 19 of 78

Box 20

Folder 1 Emmerich-Eno

Box 20 of 78

Folder 2 Eschricht-Executive

Box 20 of 78

Folder 3 Fabbri-Farley

Box 20 of 78

Folders 4-5 Farlow, W. G., 1874-1886

Box 20 of 78

Folder 6 Farmers-Fay, H.

Box 20 of 78

Folders 7-9 Fay, Joseph S., 1863-1886

Box 20 of 78

Folder 10 Fay, S.-Felton

Box 20 of 78

Folder 11 Ferguson, J.-Ferguson, S.

Box 20 of 78

Folders 12-17 Ferguson, Thomas B., 1878

Box 20 of 78

Folder 18 Feuardent-Fitch

Box 20 of 78

Folder 19 Flegel-Flint

Box 20 of 78

Folders 20-21 Flugel, Felix, 1858-1870

Box 20 of 78

Folder 22 Flugel, T.-Forbes

Box 20 of 78

Folder 23 Force, William Q., 1863-1864, 1878

Box 20 of 78

Folders 24-27 Foreman, Edward, 1843, 1850-1855, 1867-1879

Box 20 of 78

Folder 28 Foster-Fox

Box 20 of 78

Folder 29 Fracelton-Fristoe

Box 20 of 78

Box 21

Folder 1 Gaither-Gant

Box 21 of 78

Folder 2 Gardiner, Annie E., 1855-1887

Box 21 of 78

Folder 3 Gardiner, Frederick, 1868-1878; Gardiner, Frederick, Jr., 1879-1881

Box 21 of 78

Folder 4 Gardiner, Robert H., 1880-1887

Box 21 of 78

Folder 5 Gardner-Garnett

Box 21 of 78

Folders 6-10 Garrigue, Rudolph, 1847-1856

Box 21 of 78

Folder 11 Gates-Getz

Box 21 of 78

Folder 12 Gibbes-Gibson

Box 21 of 78

Folder 13 Gifford-Giles

Box 21 of 78

Folder 14 Gill, Herbert A., 1882-1887

Box 21 of 78

Folder 15 Gill, Theodore, 1865-1871

Box 21 of 78

Folder 16 Gillin, S. M., 1854-1859

Box 21 of 78

Folder 17 Gilliss-Gilman

Box 21 of 78

Folder 18 Girard, Charles Frederic, 1851-1859

Box 21 of 78

Folder 19 Giraud, Jacob P., 1842-1843

Box 21 of 78

Folder 20 Giraud, W. C.(?), 1868-1869

Box 21 of 78

Folder 21 Gitts-Gomes

Box 21 of 78

Folders 22-29 Goode, George Brown, 1871, 1876-1880

Box 21 of 78

Box 22

Folders 1-18 Goode, George Brown, 1881-1887. Mostly S. F. Baird outgoing correspondence and some incoming correspondence.

Box 22 of 78

Folder 19 Goode, Sarah F., 1880

Box 22 of 78

Box 23

Folder 1 Goodloe-Goodwin

Box 23 of 78

Folder 2 Gordon-Gowans

Box 23 of 78

Folder 3 Graham-Grand

Box 23 of 78

Folders 4-6 Gray, Asa, 1846-1864, 1868-1887

Box 23 of 78

Folder 7 Gray, F. C.-Grayson

Box 23 of 78

Folder 8 Great-Green

Box 23 of 78

Folder 9 Griffin-Grinnell

Box 23 of 78

Folder 10 Griset-Guyot

Box 23 of 78

Folder 11 Habicht-Haines

Box 23 of 78

Folders 12-14 Haldeman, Samuel S., 1842-1853, 1878

Box 23 of 78

Folder 15 Hale, C.-Hale, M.

Box 23 of 78

Folder 16 Hale, Robert S., 1864-1880

Box 23 of 78

Folder 17 Hale, Safford E., 1855-1887

Box 23 of 78

Folder 18 Haley-Hall

Box 23 of 78

Folder 19 Haller-Hallowell

Box 23 of 78

Folder 20 Hamilton-Hammond, P.

Box 23 of 78

Folder 21 Hammond, William A., 1863-1886

Box 23 of 78

Folder 22 Hand-Harman

Box 23 of 78

Box 24

Folders 1-16 Harper and Brothers, 1846, 1868-1886

Box 24 of 78

Folder 17 Harper, M.-Hawley

Box 24 of 78

Folder 18 Hay-Hayden, E.

Box 24 of 78

Folders 19-22 Hayden, Ferdinand Vandeveer, 1853-1860

Box 24 of 78

Box 25

Folders 1-4 Hayden, Ferdinand Vandeveer, 1867-1881

Box 25 of 78

Folder 5 Hayes-Hazen

Box 25 of 78

Folder 6 Heath-Hennegins

Box 25 of 78

Folder 7 Henry, H. A.-Henry, H. L.

Box 25 of 78

Folders 8-11 Henry, Joseph, 1847-1874

Box 25 of 78

Folder 12 Henry, M.-Herr

Box 25 of 78

Folders 13-15 Hessel, Rudolph, 1877-1887

Box 25 of 78

Folder 16 Hetzel-Heyerdahl

Box 25 of 78

Folder 17 Hickling-Hillman

Box 25 of 78

Folders 18-21 Himes, Charles F., 1869-1885

Box 25 of 78

Folder 22 Hinckley, C., 1846

Box 25 of 78

Folders 23-24 Hind, Henry Youle, 1878-1880. Includes printed materials and reports on the Halifax Fisheries Conference, 1880.

Box 25 of 78

Folder 25 Hinkley-Hitz

Box 25 of 78

Folder 26 Hobart-Hodge

Box 25 of 78

Folder 27 Hoff-Holcomb

Box 25 of 78

Folders 28-29 Holden, Edward S., 1876-1880

Box 25 of 78

Folder 30 Holden, W.-Holzer

Box 25 of 78

Box 26

Folder 1 Homes-House

Box 26 of 78

Folder 2 House of Representatives, 1855, 1879. Contains summons to appear at committee meetings.

Box 26 of 78

Folder 3 Howard, E.-Howard, O.

Box 26 of 78

Folder 4 Howe-Hoy

Box 26 of 78

Folder 5 Hubbard-Hudson

Box 26 of 78

Folder 6 Humbold-Hunt

Box 26 of 78

Folder 7 Hunter-Hyerdang

Box 26 of 78

Folder 8 Iconographic-Ito

Box 26 of 78

Folder 9 Jackson-Jardine

Box 26 of 78

Folder 10 Jenkins-Jesup

Box 26 of 78

Folder 11 Jewett, C.-Jewett, E.

Box 26 of 78

Folder 12 Jillson-Joy

Box 26 of 78

Folder 13 Kagge-Kaufman

Box 26 of 78

Folder 14 Keems-Kelsey

Box 26 of 78

Folder 15 Kemp-Kennedy

Box 26 of 78

Folders 16-20 Kennerly, Caleb Burwell Rowan, 1849-1861

Box 26 of 78

Folder 21 Kennerly, J.-Kennicott, M.

Box 26 of 78

Folders 22-24 Kennicott, John A., 1855-1862

Box 26 of 78

Folders 25-31 Kennicott, Robert, 1853-1857

Box 26 of 78

Box 27

Folders 1-9 Kennicott, Robert, 1858-1866, and undated

Box 27 of 78

Folder 10 Kerr, R. C., 1850

Box 27 of 78

Folders 11-14 Kidder, J. H., 1875, 1877-1887

Box 27 of 78

Folder 15 Kimball-King, Caroline

Box 27 of 78

Folder 16 King, Clarence, 1867-1872

Box 27 of 78

Folder 17 King, G.-Kirkwood

Box 27 of 78

Folders 18-19 Kirtland, J. P., 1846-1854

Box 27 of 78

Folder 20 Kitchell-Kunz

Box 27 of 78

Folder 21 Lafitte-Lansburgh

Box 27 of 78

Folder 22 Larcombe-Lawrence, E.

Box 27 of 78

Folders 23-29 Lawrence, George N., 1851-1852, 1862-1868

Box 27 of 78

Box 28

Folders 1-10 Lawrence, George N., 1869-1887

Box 28 of 78

Folder 11 Laws, David O., 1868

Box 28 of 78

Folder 12 Lea, Henry C., 1849

Box 28 of 78

Folder 13 Lea, Issac, 1841, 1869-1885

Box 28 of 78

Folder 14 Leach-Leaming

Box 28 of 78

Folder 15 LeConte, John Eatton, 1842-1855

Box 28 of 78

Folders 16-20 LeConte, John Lawrence, 1842-1882

Box 28 of 78

Folder 21 LeConte, Joseph, 1845-1850

Box 28 of 78

Folder 22 Lee, A.-Lee, W.

Box 28 of 78

Folders 23-26 Leech, Daniel, 1870-1887

Box 28 of 78

Folder 27 Leech, Emma L. L., 1868

Box 28 of 78

Folder 28 Lees-Lehnert

Box 28 of 78

Folder 29 Leidy, Joseph, 1846-1885, 1901. Includes a letter from Richard Rathbun to Lucy Hunter Baird concerning Leidy's correspondence to Baird, 1901.

Box 28 of 78

Folder 30 Leiler-Lewis

Box 28 of 78

Box 29

Folder 1 Library-Lincoln

Box 29 of 78

Folder 2 Lindeman-Lippincott

Box 29 of 78

Folder 3 Litcomb-Little, G.

Box 29 of 78

Folders 4-8 Little, Brown and Company, 1868-1885

Box 29 of 78

Folder 9 Livingston-Looray

Box 29 of 78

Folder 10 Loosing-Lownds

Box 29 of 78

Folder 11 Lubbock-Lyman

Box 29 of 78

Folder 12 Maccoun, Robert. T., 1841-1850

Box 29 of 78

Folder 13 MacDonald-Magyar

Box 29 of 78

Folder 14 Mahon-Marohaus

Box 29 of 78

Folder 15 Marsh, Caroline-Marsh, Charles

Box 29 of 78

Folders 16-22 Marsh, George Perkins, 1847-1882

Box 29 of 78

Folder 23 Marsh, Otheniel Charles, 1867-1885

Box 29 of 78

Folder 24 Marsh, S.-Mason, J.

Box 29 of 78

Folder 25 Mason, Otis Tufton, 1874-1879

Box 29 of 78

Folder 26 Massachusetts-Massey

Box 29 of 78

Folder 27 Mather-Mayer

Box 29 of 78

Folder 28 Mayew-Maynard

Box 29 of 78

Folder 29 McAdoo-McDonald

Box 29 of 78

Folder 30 McGiloray-McNeal

Box 29 of 78

Folder 31 Meek-Merchant, A.

Box 29 of 78

Box 30

Folder 1 Merchant, G.-Merchants

Box 30 of 78

Folder 2 Merriam-Metropolitan

Box 30 of 78

Folder 3 Michelotti-Miller

Box 30 of 78

Folder 4 Milner, James W., 1879

Box 30 of 78

Folder 5 Milner, Sarah A., 1879-1880, 1885

Box 30 of 78

Folder 6 Miner-Mish

Box 30 of 78

Folder 7 Mitchell-Mittag

Box 30 of 78

Folder 8 Millhausen-Morrill

Box 30 of 78

Folder 9 Morris, John G., 1843-1850, 1869-1870

Box 30 of 78

Folder 10 Morton-Myers

Box 30 of 78

Folder 11 N. A. Cyclopedia-Nantucket

Box 30 of 78

Folder 12-13 National Academy of Sciences, 1866-1886

Box 30 of 78

Folder 14 National Bazaar-National University

Box 30 of 78

Folder 15 Nature-Nerny

Box 30 of 78

Folders 16-21 Newberry, John S., 1852-1884. Includes letter to G. B. Goode, 1890.

Box 30 of 78

Folder 22 Newberry, S.-Newcomb

Box 30 of 78

Folder 23 New England Glass Company, 1862-1872

Box 30 of 78

Folders 24-25 New England Mutual Life Insurance Company, 1852-1887

Box 30 of 78

Folder 26 New England Transfer-New York Life

Box 30 of 78

Folder 27 New York Lithographing-New York State Cabinet

Box 30 of 78

Folder 28 New York Tribune, 1873-1882

Box 30 of 78

Folder 29 New York, University of the State of, 1841-1842. Passes to lectures.

Box 30 of 78

Folder 30 Nicholls, G.-Nichols, I.

Box 30 of 78

Folder 31 Nicholson-Nye

Box 30 of 78

Box 31

Folder 1 Oak-Olcott

Box 31 of 78

Folder 2 Old-Orton

Box 31 of 78

Folder 3 Orsborne-Ostermoor

Box 31 of 78

Folder 4 Otis-Owen

Box 31 of 78

Folder 5 Packard, Alpheus Spring, Jr., 1870-1879

Box 31 of 78

Folder 6 Packard, E.-Panama

Box 31 of 78

Folder 7 Paret-Parker

Box 31 of 78

Folder 8 Parlin-Pawson

Box 31 of 78

Folder 9 Peakes-Pennsylvania

Box 31 of 78

Folder 10 Pepper-Phelps

Box 31 of 78

Folder 11 Philadelphia, Wilmington and Baltimore Railroad Company, 1878-1887

Box 31 of 78

Folder 12 Phillips, B.-Phillips, J.

Box 31 of 78

Folder 13 Philosophical-Pirz

Box 31 of 78

Folder 14 Poesche-Porter

Box 31 of 78

Folder 15 Post-Powell

Box 31 of 78

Folder 16 Pratt-Provident

Box 31 of 78

Folders 17-18 The Public Ledger (Philadelphia), 1865, 1867-1874, 1878, 1882, and undated

Box 31 of 78

Folder 19 Purvis-Pywell

Box 31 of 78

Folder 20 Queen, James W. and Company, 1882, 1886

Box 31 of 78

Folder 21 Radde-Raoul

Box 31 of 78

Folder 22 Rathbun, Richard, 1878-1887

Box 31 of 78

Folder 23 Rau, Charles, 1870, 1875-1879

Box 31 of 78

Folder 24 Rawlins-Raynolds

Box 31 of 78

Folder 25 Read-Rhees, J.

Box 31 of 78

Folders 26-34 Rhees, William Jones, 1854-1872, 1878-1887

Box 31 of 78

Box 32

Folder 1 Rhodes-Rich

Box 32 of 78

Folders 2-7 Richard, John H., 1853-1874

Box 32 of 78

Folder 8 Richards-Ricksecker

Box 32 of 78

Folder 9 Ridgway, E. A., 1875-1885

Box 32 of 78

Folders 10-13 Ridgway, Robert, 1869-1876, 1879-1887

Box 32 of 78

Folder 14 Rieman, W. J., 1857-1858

Box 32 of 78

Folders 15-16 Riggs and Company, 1854-1887

Box 32 of 78

Folder 17 Riggs-Ritter

Box 32 of 78

Folder 18 Robbins-Robinson

Box 32 of 78

Folder 19 Roche-Roessler

Box 32 of 78

Folder 20 Rogers-Romero

Box 32 of 78

Folder 21 Roosevelt-Rutter

Box 32 of 78

Folder 22 Sage-Salvin

Box 32 of 78

Folder 23 Sammons-Sayre

Box 32 of 78

Folder 24 Scammon-Schillinger

Box 32 of 78

Folder 25 Schirner-Schott

Box 32 of 78

Folder 26 Schumann-Sclater

Box 32 of 78

Folder 27 Scott-Scudder

Box 32 of 78

Folder 28 Seagh-Sercomb

Box 32 of 78

Box 33

Folder 1 Sergeant, E. N., 1845-1846

Box 33 of 78

Folders 2-8 Sergeant, J. Dickinson, 1838-1880

Box 33 of 78

Folder 9 Seward-Shannon

Box 33 of 78

Folder 10 Sharp-Shepard

Box 33 of 78

Folders 11-12 Sheppard, Edwin, 1867-1870

Box 33 of 78

Folder 13 Sheridan-Sherman

Box 33 of 78

Folder 14 Shilling-Shuman

Box 33 of 78

Folder 15 Sibley, A.-Sibley, G.

Box 33 of 78

Folder 16 Siedhof-Silliman

Box 33 of 78

Folder 17 Simpson-Sloane

Box 33 of 78

Folder 18 Smead-Smiley

Box 33 of 78

Folder 19 Smillie-Smith, H.

Box 33 of 78

Folder 20 Smith, J.-Smith, S.

Box 33 of 78

Folder 21 Smith, T.-Smith, W.

Box 33 of 78

Folder 22 Social-Spangler

Box 33 of 78

Folder 23 Spear-Squier

Box 33 of 78

Folder 24 Stabler-Stejneger

Box 33 of 78

Folder 25 Stephens-Stewart

Box 33 of 78

Folders 26-31 Stimpson, William, 1857-1870, 1880

Box 33 of 78

Box 34

Folder 1 Stites-Stolley

Box 34 of 78

Folder 2 Stone-Stowe, N.

Box 34 of 78

Folder 3 Stowe, William, 1847-1849, 1866-1887

Box 34 of 78

Folder 4 Stratton-Strong

Box 34 of 78

Folder 5 Stuart-Stuff

Box 34 of 78

Folder 6 Sturm-Sturtevant

Box 34 of 78

Folder 7 Suckley, George, 1859-1861, 1866

Box 34 of 78

Folder 8 Suckley, J.-Sullivan

Box 34 of 78

Folder 9 Sumner, Charles, 1867

Box 34 of 78

Folder 10 Sundevall-Syester

Box 34 of 78

Folder 11 Tanner-Taylor

Box 34 of 78

Folder 12 Tehuantepac-Thomas

Box 34 of 78

Folder 13 Thompson, C.-Thompson, Z.

Box 34 of 78

Folder 14 Thomson, Frank, 1883-1887

Box 34 of 78

Folder 15 Thomson, John H., 1870

Box 34 of 78

Folder 16 Thomson, W.-Thurston

Box 34 of 78

Folder 17 Tiffany, Charles C., 1846-1878

Box 34 of 78

Folder 18 Tiffany, O. H., 1849-1878

Box 34 of 78

Folder 19 Tirdale-Tolles

Box 34 of 78

Folder 20 Toner, Joseph M., 1875, 1879

Box 34 of 78

Folder 21 Torrey, John, 1854-1872

Box 34 of 78

Folder 22 Torrey, J.-Treasury

Box 34 of 78

Folder 23 Trego-True

Box 34 of 78

Folder 24 Tuley-Turnbull

Box 34 of 78

Folders 25-27 Turnbull, William P., 1865-1870

Box 34 of 78

Folder 28 Turner, G.-Turner, L.

Box 34 of 78

Folder 29 Turner, M.-Turner, W.

Box 34 of 78

Folder 30 Tustin-Tyndall

Box 34 of 78

Box 35

Folder 1 Ufford-Ulke

Box 35 of 78

Folder 2 Union-University

Box 35 of 78

Folder 3 Valentine, Mann S., 1878

Box 35 of 78

Folder 4 Van Duzer-Van Vliet

Box 35 of 78

Folder 5 Varden, John, 1860-1862

Box 35 of 78

Folder 6 Vaughan-Vendi

Box 35 of 78

Folder 7 Verreaux, Edouard, 1865-1866, 1869

Box 35 of 78

Folder 8 Verreaux, J. P., 1866, 1868, 1870

Box 35 of 78

Folder 9 Verrill, A. E., 1870, 1878, 1885-1886, 1914. Includes 1914 letter from A. E.Verrill to W. H. Dall.

Box 35 of 78

Folder 10 Victor-Vitzthum

Box 35 of 78

Folder 11 Wadsworth, M. E., 1881

Box 35 of 78

Folders 12-15 Wahl, William H., 1869-1882

Box 35 of 78

Folder 16 Waite-Walker

Box 35 of 78

Folder 17 Wallace-Wanamaker

Box 35 of 78

Folder 18 Ward-Warfield

Box 35 of 78

Folder 19 Warm-Washington

Box 35 of 78

Folder 20 Wassermann-Webster

Box 35 of 78

Folder 21 Weerth-Welford

Box 35 of 78

Folder 22 Welling-Wentworth

Box 35 of 78

Folder 23 Wesley, William, 1867-1873, 1878

Box 35 of 78

Folder 24 West-Weston

Box 35 of 78

Folder 25 Wharton-Whitlock

Box 35 of 78

Folder 26 Whitney, A., 1849

Box 35 of 78

Folders 27-32 Whitney, Josiah Dwight, 1862-1884

Box 35 of 78

Folder 33 Whitney, W.-Wiley

Box 35 of 78

Box 36

Folder 1 Wilkes-Williams

Box 36 of 78

Folder 2 Williamson-Wilson

Box 36 of 78

Folder 3 Wimer-Wise

Box 36 of 78

Folder 4 Wolcott-Wood

Box 36 of 78

Folder 5 Woodburne-Wormley

Box 36 of 78

Folder 6 Wright-Wrightington

Box 36 of 78

Folder 7 Wyckoff, William, 1875-1882

Box 36 of 78

Folders 8-10 Wyeth John, 1861-1885. Also Wyeth, John and Brothers.

Box 36 of 78

Folder 11 Wylie-Wyman

Box 36 of 78

Folder 12 Xantus, John, 1863-1866

Box 36 of 78

Folder 13 Yandell-Youmans

Box 36 of 78

Folder 14 Young, C. B., 1870

Box 36 of 78

Folder 15 Young, Casey, 1878-1879

Box 36 of 78

Folder 16 Young, E.-Youth's

Box 36 of 78

Folder 17 Zealandian-Ziegler

Box 36 of 78

Folder 18 Unidentified correspondence

Box 36 of 78

Series 4

FAMILY CORRESPONDENCE AND FAMILY MEMORABILIA, 1793-1887.

This series consists of incoming correspondence with Spencer F. Baird and family members. Of particular interest is a letter describing Spencer F. Baird's birth (see under Valeria Fullerton Biddle Penrose, February 4, 1823). Also included is outgoing correspondence, mostly from Baird to his brother, William, and to his wife, Mary Helen Churchill Baird. Additional outgoing Baird family correspondence can be found in Series 2.

Family mementos consist of documents from Mary Helen Churchill Baird's grandfather and father. Mary's grandfather, William Hunter (1754-1827), served as Judge of Probate for the District of Windsor, Vermont, 1801-1816, and as United States Congressman, 1817-1819. Included in this series are Hunter's certifications of election as Judge of Probate; a promissory note dated 1793; miscellaneous receipts, 1807-1817; and correspondence to family members. Mary Helen Baird's father, Sylvester Churchill (17??-1862), served as Quartermaster, United States Army, 18??-1862. Included in this series are Churchill's certifications of promotion of rank signed by U. S. Presidents and Secretaries of War, 1836, 1841, 1846, and 1847; miscellaneous receipts, 1805-1814; and correspondence with family members.

Box 37

Folder 1 Baird, H. H., 1874

Box 37 of 78

Folder 2 Baird, Harriet, 1843, 1846 (aunt)

Box 37 of 78

Folder 3 Baird, Henry Carey, undated

Box 37 of 78

Folder 4 Baird, Lucy Hunter (daughter, b. 1848-d. 1913). Confirmation, Epiphany Church, Maryland, 1880.

Box 37 of 78

Folder 5 Baird, Lucy Hunter. Correspondence from Robert Kennicott, 1860.

Box 37 of 78

Folder 6 Baird, Lucy Hunter. Correspondence with her maternal grandparents, Sylvester and Lucy Hunter Churchill, 1851-1860.

Box 37 of 78

Folder 7 Baird, Lucy Hunter. Correspondence with her parents, 1854-1874.

Box 37 of 78

Folder 8 Baird, Lucy Hunter. Diagnosis from J. H. Kidder, 1879.

Box 37 of 78

Folder 9 Baird, Lucy Hunter. Valentine's Day notes, 1853 and undated.

Box 37 of 78

Folders 10-11 Baird, Lydia MacFunn Biddle, 1850-1870 (mother, b. 1797-d. 1871)

Box 37 of 78

Folder 12 Baird, Lydia Spencer, 1852-1856, 1866-circa 1870 (sister, b. 1827-d. 1876)

Box 37 of 78

Folder 13 Baird, Mary, 1882

Box 37 of 78

Folders 14-23 Baird, Mary Helen Churchill (wife, b. 1821-d. 1890). Letters to Spencer F. Baird, 1844-1883.

Box 37 of 78

Folders 24-35 Baird, Mary Helen Churchill. Letters from Spencer F. Baird, 1844-1887.

Box 37 of 78

Folder 36 Baird, R. C., 1885

Box 37 of 78

Folder 37 Baird, R. P., undated (aunt)

Box 37 of 78

Folder 38 Baird, Rebecca Potts, 1839, 1865-1887 (sister, b. 1825-d. 1907)

Box 37 of 78

Folder 39 Baird, Robert H. (Bob), 1868, 1870, 1884 (nephew)

Box 37 of 78

Box 38

Folder 1 Baird, Samuel, II, 1831, 1833 (father, b. 1786-d. 1833)

Box 38 of 78

Folders 2-12 Baird, Samuel, III, 1838-1884 (brother, b. 1821-d. 1884)

Box 38 of 78

Folders 13-14 Baird, Thomas, 1844-1885 (brother, b. 1831-d. 1897)

Box 38 of 78

Folders 15-24 Baird, William McFunn, 1841-1872 (brother, b. 1817-d. 1872)

Box 38 of 78

Folder 25 Baird, William McFunn, 1841-1853. Letters from Spencer F. Baird to his brother. Transcribed by Lucy Hunter Baird from letterpress books in Series 2.

Box 38 of 78

Folder 26 Biddle, E. M., 1847-1878

Box 38 of 78

Folder 27 Biddle, E. W., 1874-1884 (cousin)

Box 38 of 78

Folder 28 Biddle, Henry Jonathan, 1854-1862 (brother-in-law, d. 1862)

Box 38 of 78

Folder 29 Biddle, Henry Jonathan, Jr., 1877-1886 (nephew)

Box 38 of 78

Folder 30 Biddle, J. Williams, 1866-1876 (nephew)

Box 38 of 78

Folder 31 Biddle, Julia A., undated (aunt)

Box 38 of 78

Folder 32 Biddle, J. D., 1846

Box 38 of 78

Folder 33 Biddle, L. M., 1878

Box 38 of 78

Folder 34 Biddle, Lydia Spencer, 1837, 1841-1848 (grandmother)

Box 38 of 78

Folders 35-37 Biddle, Mary Deborah Baird (Mrs. Henry J.), 1850s-1886, and undated (sister, b. 1829-d. 1900)

Box 38 of 78

Folder 38 Biddle, S. J. 1855

Box 38 of 78

Folder 39 Biddle, Spencer Fullerton Baird, 1865-1885 (nephew)

Box 38 of 78

Folder 40 Biddle, William B., 1867, 1870, 1881

Box 38 of 78

Folder 41 Biddle, W. M., 1854

Box 38 of 78

Folder 42 Miscellaneous Baird/Biddle correspondence.

Box 38 of 78

Box 39

Folder 1 Churchill, Alice (Mrs. Charles Cunningham), 1876-1881 (sister-in-law)

Box 39 of 78

Folders 2-4 Churchill, Charles Cunningham, 1845-1887 (brother-in-law)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 5 Churchill, E. M. (Mrs. William Hunter), 1858

Box 39 of 78

Folders 6-11 Churchill, Franklin Hunter, 1848-1887 (brother-in-law)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 12 Churchill, James, circa 1852

Box 39 of 78

Folder 13 Churchill, Josie, 1872-1873 (niece)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 14 Churchill, J. P., 1885

Box 39 of 78

Folders 15-17 Churchill, Lucy Hunter, 1818-1942, 1860-1862 (mother-in-law, d. 1862)

Box 39 of 78

Folders 18-19 Churchill, Richard Randolph Cuyler, 1859-1879 (nephew)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 20 Churchill, Sylvester (father-in-law, b. 1783-d. 1862). Certificates of promotion in rank in the United States Army, 1836, 1841, 1846, 1847.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 21 Churchill, Sylvester. Correspondence from his wife and children, 1832.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 22 Churchill, Sylvester. Correspondence with his mother-in-law, Mary Hunter, 1842.

Box 39 of 78

Folders 23-24 Churchill, Sylvester. Correspondence with his son-in-law, Spencer F. Baird, 1848-1862.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 25 Churchill, Sylvester. Miscellaneous receipts, 1805-1814.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 26 Churchill, William Hunter (brother-in-law, d. 1847). Correspondence with his cousin, Villeroy Aikens, 1830.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 27 Churchill, William Hunter, Jr., 1878 (nephew)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 28 Churchill/Hunter Family Memorabilia. Included are tickets to balls; a directory of living quarters of members of Congress, 1818; and a silhouette of an unidentified woman.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 29 Clinton (?), V. B., 1869

Box 39 of 78

Folder 30 Cutting, Churchill H., 1870-1884 (Mary H. C. Baird's cousin)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 31 Cutting, Elizabeth M. (Mrs. Sewall S.), 1870

Box 39 of 78

Folder 32 Cutting, F. H., 1853

Box 39 of 78

Folder 33 Cutting, Gardiner S., 1853, 1864, 1876 (Mary H. C. Baird's cousin)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 34 Cutting, Guy H., 1848, 1853

Box 39 of 78

Folders 35-38 Cutting, Sewall S., 1837-1881 (Mary H. C. Baird's cousin)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 39 Cutting, Sewall S. Contains "Pittsburgh Papers," including copies of Sylvester Churchill correspondence to various persons concerning accusations of disobedience against him, 1826-1827.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 40 Cutting, William J., 1847-1858

Box 39 of 78

Folder 41 Hunter, Franklin (Mary H. C. Baird's uncle). Correspondence to his sister, Lucy Hunter Churchill, 1817-1818.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 42 Hunter, William (Mary H. C. Baird's grandfather, b. 1754-d. 1827). Certificates of election as Judge of Probate, District of Windsor, Vermont, 1801-1815.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 43 Hunter, William. Correspondence with his brother-in-law, Asa Aikens, 1818.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 44 Hunter, William. Correspondence with his daughter, Lucy Hunter Churchill, 1818-1819.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 45 Hunter, William. Memorandum of agreement, witnessed and signed by Lucy Hunter Churchill and William Hunter, 1814.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 46 Hunter, William. Promissory note, 1793.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 47 Hunter, William. Receipts, 1807, 1809, 1817.

Box 39 of 78

Folder 48 Hunter, William G., 1862, 1869

Box 39 of 78

Folder 49 Penrose, Charles Bingham, 1841, 1851-1852, 1857 (uncle)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 50 Penrose, Clement Biddle, 1844-1882 (cousin)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 51 Penrose, Mary L., 1868 (cousin)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 52 Penrose, Richard Alexander Fullerton, 1843-1869 (cousin)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 53 Penrose, Valeria Fullerton Biddle, 1823, 1866-1880 (aunt)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 54 Penrose, W. M., 1840-1857 (cousin)

Box 39 of 78

Folder 55 Penrose, W. M., 1868

Box 39 of 78

Series 5

CORRESPONDENCE, 1847, 1855-1888. ARRANGED BY SUBJECT.

This series consists of letters of condolence sent to family members after Baird's death, 1887; announcements of membership from scientific organizations, including membership certificates, 1855-1878; letters of congratulations upon Baird's election as SI Secretary, 1878; copies of letters of recommendation sent to the SI Board of Regents in response to Baird's application for Curator position, 1847-1850; invitations to expositions; travel arrangements; a draft letter to President James A. Garfield recommending a diplomatic position for a friend; correspondence with scientists regarding photograph requests, 1884-1886; and pay (salary) receipts.

Box 40

Folder 1 Board of Regents, Smithsonian Institution, 1887. Resolution of condolence to the Baird family.

Box 40 of 78

Folder 2 Calling Cards

Box 40 of 78

Folder 3 Condolences, 1887

Box 40 of 78

Folder 4 Congratulations, 1878. On Spencer F. Baird's election as Secretary of SI.

Box 40 of 78

Folder 5 Curatorship, 1847. Copies of letters of recommendation from scientists and politicians to members of the Board of Regents and to Joseph Henry.

Box 40 of 78

Folder 6 Exhibition and Exposition invitations, 1873-1886

Box 40 of 78

Folder 7 Fulton Market Fish Mongers' Association, 1888. Resolution of condolence to the Baird family.

Box 40 of 78

Folder 8 Japan, 1887. Hokusui Kyokwai (Northern Fisheries Society) articles (in Japanese) on Spencer F. Baird.

Box 40 of 78

Folder 9 Monroe, M. C., circa 1881. Spencer F. Baird's draft letter to President James A. Garfield recommending Monroe for a diplomatic post.

Box 40 of 78

Folder 10 Pay receipts, May-July 1887

Box 40 of 78

Folder 11 Photograph requests, 1884-1886. Incoming correspondence in response to Spencer F. Baird's circular requesting photographs of American scientists.

Box 40 of 78

Folders 12-14 Scientific organizations, 1855-1887. Letters and certificates of membership from scientific organizations. Also includes extracted descriptions of certificates written on index cards (transcriber unknown). Oversize certificates were removed to map case.

Box 40 of 78

Folder 15 Smithsonian Institution, 1887. Formal announcement of the death of Spencer Fullerton Baird, LL.D.

Box 40 of 78

Folder 16 Travel arrangements, 1882-1887

Box 40 of 78

Series 6

JOURNALS AND DIARIES, 1839-1887.

This series consists of Spencer F. Baird's journals and diaries in which he described the weather and daily events. Typescripts of these entries were made by Baird's daughter, Lucy Hunter Baird, in preparation for a biography of her father. These typescripts are part of series 16.

Box 41

Folder 1 Journals, October 26, 1838-May 9, 1839, May 1841-November 1843

Box 41 of 78

Folder 2 Journals, May 1, 1839-December 1, 1850. Bound volume. Includes lists of letters written and received, 1844-1850; lists of books read, 1846; and copies of letters to George R. Gray, Zoological Department, British Museum, and to H. R. Lichtenstein, Director of the Zoological Museum, Berlin, 1845.

Box 41 of 78

Folders 3-5 Journals, January 1, 1866-December 31, 1879

Box 41 of 78

Box 42

Folders 1-3 Journals, January 1, 1880-December 31, 1885

Box 42 of 78

Folder 4 Journals, January 1, 1886-May 25, 1887. Entries for May 11-25, 1887, are not in Baird's handwriting.

Box 42 of 78

Folders 5-8 Diaries, 1851, 1852, 1855, 1859

Box 42 of 78

Box 43

Folders 1-6 Diaries, 1851-1865

Box 43 of 78

Folder 7 Diaries, January 1, 1861-December 31, 1865. Copied from the originals (transcriber unknown).

Box 43 of 78

Folder 8 Abstract on health, 1885-1887. Spencer F. Baird's entries in which he described his health.

Box 43 of 78

Folder 9 Miscellaneous abstracts: F(ish) C(ommission) Report, 1879; Miscellaneous articles, 1879; Abstract of work done in 1879; Memorandum of events, 1879.

Box 43 of 78

Series 7

RESEARCH MATERIALS, 1838-1883. ARRANGED BY SUBJECT.

This series documents Spencer F. Baird's scientific interests, especially in the synonymy of North American fauna. Also included are parts of Baird's translation of the Bilder-Atlas zum Conversation Lexicon from German to English. The American version, Iconographic Encyclopedia of Science, Literature, and Art, was published by Rudolph Garrigue of New York in 1852. Documents contain specimen lists; a draft of the synopsis of North American birds; drafts of monographs; extracts; publications; drawings; and bibliographical references. Iconographic Encyclopedia materials include Baird's drafts on certain subjects distributed to colleagues for editing; an unbound German version of the Bilder-Atlas; and lithographs.

This series is divided into three parts: Birds, Iconographic Encyclopedia, and Natural History, and alphabetically by subject thereunder.

Box 44

BIRDS

Folder 1 Anatidae. "Monograph of the Anatidae," by T. C. Eyton, London, 1838.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 2 Batrachia. "Revision of the North American Tailed Batrachia with description of new genera and species," by Spencer F. Baird, 1849. Also included is a printed version published by the Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, October, 1849.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 3 California. Three copies of the "Catalogue of North American Birds," Smithsonian Institution Miscellaneous Collection, 1859. Each catalogue has symbols and notations pertaining to lists of color drawings and illustrations of the collection of Californian birds in the SI collection. This information was probably sent to the Geological Survey of California during 1865.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 4 California. "Notes on Birds Collected in California," by Colbert A. Canfield, undated.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 5 Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Birds seen about in Cumberland County and Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 1840-1843.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 6 Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Lists of birds shot in the vicinity of Carlisle, 1840-1844.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 7 Carlisle, Pennsylvania. "Catalogue of Birds Found in the Neighborhood of Carlisle, Cumberland County, Pa.," by Spencer F. Baird, 1845.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 8 Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Catalogue of birds in the Baird collection, 1839-1844.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 9 Carlisle, Pennsylvania. First appearance of birds in Carlisle, 1840-1844.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 10 Carlisle, Pennsylvania. List of osteological preparation made, 1841-1842.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 11 Catalogue. Catalogue of Baird's bird collection (?), undated.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 12 Central America and the Caribbean. "S. F. Baird's list," catalogue of birds. Published list of birds with notations, undated.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 13 Central America and the Caribbean. Description of birds. In English, Spanish and Latin, undated.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 14 Central America and the Caribbean. Descriptions of birds from various publications (?), 1867.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 15 Central America and the Caribbean. "List of Mexican, Central American and West Indian Birds Not Contained in the Collection of the Smithsonian Institution," by Spencer F. Baird, undated.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 16 Coerebidae. "Monograph of Coerebidae," by Spencer F. Baird, undated.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 17 Costa Rica. List of birds of Costa Rica, undated.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 18 District of Columbia. List of birds observed in the District of Columbia, by William McFunn Baird, up to March 1844.

Box 44 of 78

Folder 19 Drawings: Color drawings of birds by Spencer F. Baird, 1839

Box 44 of 78

Folder 20 Drawings: Grallatores and Rasores (comparative anatomy)

Box 44 of 78

Folder 21 Drawings: Insessores (anatomical drawings with notes)

Box 44 of 78

Box 45

Folder 1 Drawings: List of drawings

Box 45 of 78

Folder 2 Drawings: Natatores

Box 45 of 78

Folder 3 Drawings: Raptores

Box 45 of 78

Folder 4 Eggs and Nests. List of bird eggs and nests in the SI, 1858-1859, by Spencer F. Baird. Bound volume incorporating the "Catalogue of North American Birds."

Box 45 of 78

Folder 5 Egg Emptying. Note on emptying eggs, by Spencer F. Baird, undated.

Box 45 of 78

Folder 6 Europe. "Catalogue of Birds of Europe," by Carlo Bonaparte, 1842. Extracts copied by Spencer F. Baird, 1845.

Box 45 of 78

Folder 7 Europe and North America. "Comparative List of the Birds of Europe and North America," by C. L. Bonaparte, 1842. Extracts copied by Spencer F. Baird, 1845.

Box 45 of 78

Folder 8 Expeditions. "Record of the Collection of North American Birds Brought In By Expeditions," by Spencer F. Baird.

Box 45 of 78

Folder 9 Fossils. Lists of fossils, 1858-1859. Bound volume incorporating the "Catalogue of North American Birds Chiefly in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution". Notations by Spencer F. Baird.

Box 45 of 78

Folder 10 Greenland. "Birds of Greenland," by Captain Sabine, undated. Copied by Spencer F. Baird, 1841.

Box 45 of 78

Folder 11 Grus Americana. "On the Habits of Brown Crane (Grus Americana), by Robert Kennicott, February 1854. Copied by unknown person; title by Spencer F. Baird.

Box 45 of 78

Box 46

Folder 1 History of North American Birds . Miscellaneous notes. Pertain to the book, published in 1874.

Box 46 of 78

Folder 2 History of North American Birds. Proof plates of color drawings of heads of birds, 1875. Include prints of Robert Ridgway pencil drawings.

Box 46 of 78

Folder 3 Helminthophaga virgincae, Baird. Spencer F. Baird's manuscript, undated.

Box 46 of 78

Folder 4 March, W. Thomas. Lists and brief notes on birds sent to SI, 1862-1863.

Box 46 of 78

Folder 5 Moulting. "Register of Moulting of Birds," by Spencer F. Baird, 1844-1847.

Box 46 of 78

Folder 6 Muscuapinae. "Monograph of the Muscuapinae of the United States," by Spencer F. Baird, undated.

Box 46 of 78

Folder 7 Museum List. Bound volume of lists of birds sent and received, 1842-1851. Possibly for Baird's private museum, not USNM.

Box 46 of 78

Folders 8-9 Museum Register. Lists of birds in the SI collection, circa 1835-circa 1865.

Box 46 of 78

Box 47

Folder 1 North American Birds. "Corrected List N. A. Birds." Galley proof of specimen catalogue.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 2 North American Birds. "Notes Memoranda, N. A. Birds Done With," 1866.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 3 North American Birds. Proposed arrangement of N. A. birds by distribution.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 4 North American Birds. Proposed jacket cover for "The Birds of North America," drawing by Robert Ridgway, undated.

Box 47 of 78

Folders 5-6 North American Birds. Reference to descriptions of N. A. birds and index to collections of government expeditions.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 7 North American Birds. Report on birds.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 8 North American Birds. Miscellaneous specimen lists.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 9 Osteology of SI bird collection. Bound volume incorporating "Smithsonian Museum/North American Birds/Osteology," and the "Catalogue of North American Birds."

Box 47 of 78

Folder 10 Parasites. List of Anopleura, etc. Intestinal worms or parasites on birds or quadrupeds, 1846-1847.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 11 Raraforms and Hylaforms. By Spencer F. Baird, undated. Contains descriptions on new species of raraforms and hylaforms in SI.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 12 Sylvicola. By Spencer F. Baird, undated. Contains descriptions of Sylvicola.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 13 Sylvicola Kirtlandii. "Description of a new species of Sylvicola," by Spencer F. Baird, 1852.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 14 Tern. "Description of a Tern Thought to be New," by William M. and Spencer F. Baird, September 10, 1843.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 15 Unfigured Birds. Descriptions of birds in the SI museum not included in the Pacific Railroad Report, Volume 9, 1858, by Spencer F. Baird, 1860s.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 16 United States and Mexican Boundary Survey. "Notes Taken in Reference to the Birds Collected by the U.S. and Mexican Boundary Commission," by C. B. R. Kennerly, 1854-1855.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 17 Vireo. "Notes on the genus Vireo based upon specimens in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution," by Spencer F. Baird, undated.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 18 Vireosylvia Magister. Galley proof sheet from Birds of North America, 1873.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 19 Xantes, John. Lists of birds collected by John Xantes in Mazatlan, Mexico, 1861. Contains museum register sheets.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 20 Xantes, John. "Common names of the birds and mammals of Lower California," by John Xantes, 1861.

Box 47 of 78

Folder 21 Miscellaneous notes on birds, 1845, and 1850s.

Box 47 of 78

Boxes 48-49

Synopsis of North American Birds. Consists of cutouts taken from the Pacific Railroad Report, volume IX. Arranged by genera.

Boxes 48-49 of 78

Box 50

ICONOGRAPHIC ENCYCLOPEDIA

Folder 1 Iconographic Encyclopedia, Manuscripts: Chemistry

Box 50 of 78

Folder 2 Iconographic Encyclopedia: Meteorology

Box 50 of 78

Folders 3-4 Iconographic Encyclopedia: Geology, Parts I and II

Box 50 of 78

Folder 5 Iconographic Encyclopedia: Geography

Box 50 of 78

Box 51

Folder 1 Iconographic Encyclopedia, Manuscripts: Botany

Box 51 of 78

Folder 2 Iconographic Encyclopedia: Fish and Reptiles

Box 51 of 78

Folder 3 Iconographic Encyclopedia: Birds

Box 51 of 78

Folders 4-5 Iconographic Encyclopedia: Anthropology, Parts I and II

Box 51 of 78

Box 52

Folders 1-4 Bilder-Atlas zum Converzation, pages 1-138, 153-230, 301-320, 355-424. Unbound copy in German. Folder 1 also includes notes in English and a handwritten table of contents for the German text.

Box 52 of 78

Folder 5 Bilder-Atlas zum Converzation, lithographic illustrations

Box 52 of 78

Box 53

NATURAL HISTORY

Folder 1 Botany. "Instructions for the collection and preservation of botanical specimens," undated.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 2 Cacti. "Instructions for such as have an opportunity to observe and collect Cacti in the field," undated.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 3 Deer. Extract notes on reindeer and deer species, undated.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 4 Fish. Cottus gracilus, 1848.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 5 Fishes. Catalogue to Spencer F. Baird fish collection (?).

Box 53 of 78

Folder 6 Fishes. Drawings of fishes copied from article, "Fishes of the Ohio, " 1842. Drawings by Spencer F. Baird.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 7 Fishes. North American Fishes, galley plates. Lithograph illustrations.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 8 Fishes. Fishes from Cincinnati sent to Professor Agassiz, 1851.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 9 Fishes. "Description of new species of fishes collected in Texas, New Mexico, and Sonora by Mr. John H. Clark on the U.S. and Mexican Boundary Survey and in Texas by Captain van Vliet, USA," by Spencer F. Baird and Charles Giraud, 1854.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 10 Fishes. Miscellaneous notes, undated.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 11 Frogs. "Monograph of North American Frogs," by Spencer F. Baird, 1854 (never published). A perfected copy was given to Professor E. D. Cope, February 1, 1867.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 12 Geographical distribution of animals other than birds, 1850s

Box 53 of 78

Folder 13 Hare. Lepus baird(?), circa 1867.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 14 Mammals, Birds, and Reptiles. Bibliography of publications copied on cards, summer 1868.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 15 Mammals. "Characteristics of some new species of mammalia collected by the U.S. and Mexican Boundary Survey, Major W. H. Emory, USA, Commissioner," by Spencer F. Baird, 1855.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 16 North American Mammals. "Catalogue of North American Mammals," by Spencer F. Baird, 1857.

Box 53 of 78

Folders 17-18 North American Mammals. Index to description of North American Mammals, up to 1857, by Spencer F. Baird, February 1, 1867.

Box 53 of 78

Folder 19 Mammals. Catalogue to Spencer F. Baird's mammal collection (?).

Box 53 of 78

Box 54

Folder 1 Mollusks and Shellfishes. Lists of mollusks and shellfishes from Nicaragua and Alaska, 1865-1867.

Box 54 of 78

Folder 2 Natural History. List of publications (arranged by author), 1850-1883.

Box 54 of 78

Folder 3 Natural Sciences. Extracts from various articles, 1838-1844. Primarily concerning ornithology.

Box 54 of 78

Folder 4 Pacific Railroad Reports, Volumes I-XII, 1854-1860. Extracts from various volumes.

Box 54 of 78

Folder 5 Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences (PANS). List of specimens described in the PANS publications. Used for Pacific Railroad Reports, 1855-1865.

Box 54 of 78

Folder 6 Physical Technology. "Physical Technology or Introduction to the Preparation of Physical Experiments and the Construction of Physical Apparatus With The Simplest Possible Means," by J. Frick, undated. Extracts by Spencer F. Baird.

Box 54 of 78

Folder 7 Quadrupeds. List of quadrupeds of North America, 1841. Extracts from John James Audubon's manuscript by Spencer F. Baird.

Box 54 of 78

Box 55

Folder 1 Reptiles. Assorted notes of observations, chiefly near Carlisle, Pa., 1847-1848.

Box 55 of 78

Folder 2 Reptiles. Catalogue to Spencer F. Baird's collection (?).

Box 55 of 78

Folder 3 Reptiles. "Characteristics of some new reptiles in the Museum of the Smithsonian Institution," by Spencer F. Baird and Charles Giraud, 1852.

Box 55 of 78

Folder 4 Reptiles. Index to reptiles of North America, by Spencer F. Baird, undated.

Box 55 of 78

Folders 5-7 Reptiles. Notes, undated.

Box 55 of 78

Folder 8 Reptiles and Amphibians. Specimens received, 1851-1854. Spine of notebook reads "Museum Lists Receipts II". Contains names of donors and lists of specimens.

Box 55 of 78

Folder 9 Reptiles. Miscellaneous notes, undated.

Box 55 of 78

Box 56

Folder 1 Serpents. Serpents of New York, by Spencer F. Baird, 1854.

Box 56 of 78

Folder 2 Shrews. "Remarks on the Shrews of North America," by Spencer F. Baird, 1861. Unpublished.

Box 56 of 78

Folder 3 Trees and Shrubs. "List of Trees and Shrubs in Herbarium," by Spencer F. Baird, June 20, 1841.

Box 56 of 78

Folder 4 Trees and Shrubs. "Contributions Toward a Catalogue of Trees and Shrubs of Cumberland County, Pa.," by Spencer F. Baird, February 1845.

Box 56 of 78

Folder 5 Vertebrates. Manuscript Indices Vertebrata, undated, by Spencer F. Baird.

Box 56 of 78

Folder 6 Vertebrates. List of species of vertebrates in various journals and books. Extracts by Spencer F. Baird.

Box 56 of 78

Folder 7 Wild Cats. "Habits of Wild Cats," by Spencer F. Baird, 1842.

Box 56 of 78

Folder 8 Zoology. Index of works and articles on zoology by Spencer F. Baird, 1844; Index of Birds, 1845.

Box 56 of 78

Folder 9 Zoology. Extract from letter of Dr. Sartorius, Merador, Mexico, August 15, 18??.

Box 56 of 78

Folder 10 Zoology. Natural history memoranda for Dr. Hayn, by Spencer F. Baird. Instructions for collecting specimens in the Arctic region.

Box 56 of 78

Series 8

SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES, CIRCA 1860-CIRCA 1871.

This series contains scientific articles preserved in letterpress books, written by Spencer F. Baird.

Box 57

Folder 1 Color Chart, by Spencer F. Baird, undated

Box 57 of 78

Folder 2 Comets and Asteroids. Proposal to record extraterrestrials observed across the Atlantic Ocean, undated.

Box 57 of 78

Folder 3 Comparative Zoology, Museum of. List of employees, 1871-1872.

Box 57 of 78

Folder 4 Griest, Ernest. Extracted articles, undated. Copied by Spencer F. Baird.

Box 57 of 78

Folder 5 Hudson Bay Company. List of correspondents, 1872.

Box 57 of 78

Folder 6 Library Arrangement. Proposed system of arrangement, undated.

Box 57 of 78

Folder 7 North American Mammals. Catalogue of North American Mammals, circa 1857. Includes miscellaneous notes and publication expenses.

Box 57 of 78

Folder 8 Outline for book (?), 1874

Box 57 of 78

Folder 9 "Water Company," circa 1820. Part correspondence and part essay on the problem of providing drinking water in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania. Author unknown.

Box 57 of 78

Folder 10 "Workshop." Incomplete instructions on the use of shop, undated. Author unknown.

Box 57 of 78

Folder 11 Miscellaneous manuscripts

Box 57 of 78

Series 9

PHOTOGRAPHS, PORTRAITS, AND PERSONAL MISCELLANY, 1836-1887.

Box 58

Folder 1 Album. Contains drawings by William Hunter Churchill, lithographic prints of West Point, New York, and drawings by unknown artists. Oversize drawings by Spencer F. Baird consist of sketches of the Nescopeck Creek Railroad Bridge across the Schuykill River; houses and countryside scenes around Carlisle, Pa., 1841, 1845; mechanical drawings, circa 1838-1839; and natural history drawings (birds, plants, snails, and insects), 1839-1842. See oversize in map case.

Box 58 of 78

Folder 2 Expense receipts, 1846, 1847

Box 58 of 78

Folder 3 Humor extracts

Box 58 of 78

Folder 4 Medical, miscellaneous. Includes Spencer F. Baird's body weight, April 13, 1886 to April 15, 1887, and doctor's advice, April 20, 1886.

Box 58 of 78

Folder 5 Music, 1842-1843. Composed by Spencer F. Baird.

Box 58 of 78

Folder 6 Notebook: Expenses and lists of books borrowed or read, November 1836

Box 58 of 78

Folder 7 Notebook: Newspaper articles, and Roman history test (questions and answers), 1836, 1838

Box 58 of 78

Folder 8 Notebook: Lists of books, family birth dates (page 66), and personal miscellany, 1836-1839

Box 58 of 78

Folder 9 Notebook: Personal Miscellany, 1837

Box 58 of 78

Folder 10 Notebook: Scientific notes, 1837-1840

Box 58 of 78

Folder 11 Notebook: Meteorological data, Carlisle, Pa., May-June 1838

Box 58 of 78

Folder 12 Notebook: Personal expenses, 1839

Box 58 of 78

Folder 13 Notebook: Field and scientific notes and specimen lists, 1839-1841

Box 58 of 78

Folder 14 Notebook: Expense book, Carlisle, 1846-1848

Box 58 of 78

Folder 15 Notebook: Mathematical extracts, undated. Copied by Spencer F. Baird.

Box 58 of 78

Folder 16 Photographs and Portraits, 1847-1882, and undated. Includes:

Box 58 of 78
Silhouettes of Spencer F. Baird and Mary Helen Baird, undated;
Spencer F. Baird, November 11, 1854;
Lydia MacFunn Biddle Baird and granddaughter, 1866;
Lucy Hunter Baird, 1876, International Exposition of Philadelphia admission pass;
Mary Helen Baird, 1876, International Exposition of Philadelphia admission pass;
Mary Helen Baird, 1882, Photograph by T. W. Smillie;
Baird Family house, Carlisle, Pa., 1914

Folder 17 Property tax statement, 1878

Box 58 of 78

Folder 18 Recipes

Box 58 of 78

Folder 19 "Tales about the islands in the Pacific Ocean," by Peter Parley, 1831. A gift to Spencer F. Baird from his father, later handed down to his daughter, Lucy Hunter Baird.

Box 58 of 78

Series 10

DICKINSON COLLEGE, 1846-1850.

From 1846 to 1850, Spencer F. Baird taught natural history and chemistry at Dickinson College. In addition to teaching, Baird was in charge of the college's natural history collection, and served as the college librarian. This series consists of Baird's drafts of annual reports and lecture notes.

Box 59

Folder 1 Lecture Notes: Mostly on comparative anatomy, 1846-1850

Box 59 of 78

Folder 2 Lecture Notes: Land birds, spring 1849. Delivered before freshman class.

Box 59 of 78

Folder 3 Lecture Notes: Physics and chemistry, 1849-1850

Box 59 of 78

Folders 4-5 Reports, 1847-1849. Includes annual reports of Baird's activities as professor, librarian, and keeper of natural history. Folder 5 includes list of specimens in Natural History collection.

Box 59 of 78

Series 11

AMERICAN ASSOCIATION FOR THE ADVANCEMENT OF SCIENCES, 1848-1887.

Spencer F. Baird served as Permanent Secretary of the AAAS from 1852 to 1854. Baird's duties as Permanent Secretary were to attend the AAAS meetings, and to write and publish the semi-annual reports. In 1852, Baird sent out to AAAS members a circular which included the following questions: name, address, occupation, and field of interest. The responses to these circulars are included in this series. Also included are member lists, correspondence registers, meeting announcements, and financial records. For incoming AAAS correspondence, see series 3. For outgoing AAAS correspondence, see series 2.

Box 59

Folder 6 AAAS: Records of distribution of Proceedings, 1852. Includes lists of members and drafts for annual report.

Box 59 of 78

Folder 7 AAAS: Financial Records, 1850-1854. Includes account book and receipts.

Box 59 of 78

Folder 8 AAAS: Letter Book, 1850-1853. Includes lists of incoming and outgoing correspondence.

Box 59 of 78

Folder 9 AAAS: Notebook, 1853-1854. Includes lists of miscellaneous memoranda; nominations at the Cleveland and Washington, D. C., meetings; and receipts and expenses.

Box 59 of 78

Folder 10 AAAS: Proceedings and Member lists, 1848-1887. Contains published lists of members and meeting announcements.

Box 59 of 78

Box 60

Circulars to AAAS members, 1852-1853.

Box 60 of 78

Series 12

SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION REPORTS AND MEMORANDA, DIARIES, AND PUBLICATION EXPENSES AND SPECIMEN DISTRIBUTION, 1846-1887.

This series consists of drafts of SI annual reports, 1852-1877, including annual reports for the USCFF; diaries, mostly documenting library and visitor activities; distribution lists of SI publications; specimen distribution lists; correspondence, mostly concerning specimens; memoranda; and circulars to SI correspondents, 1875.

Box 61

Folder 1 Annual Reports, 1852-1853, 1867. Concern explorations, and specimen and publication exchanges with foreign institutions.

Box 61 of 78

Folder 2 Annual Reports, 1857-1865

Box 61 of 78

Folder 3 Annual Reports, 1871

Box 61 of 78

Folder 4 Annual Reports, 1867-1877. Includes reports for the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries.

Box 61 of 78

Box 62

Folder 1 Assistant Secretary of the SI, 1884. Includes draft proposal to appoint William J. Rhees as Assistant Secretary.

Box 62 of 78

Folder 2 Correspondence and Publications, 1853-1883. Contains list of names and publications sent out.

Box 62 of 78

Folder 3 Diary, 1861. Documents books withdrawn and returned from SI Library, and meteorological data for Washington, D. C. Author unknown.

Box 62 of 78

Folder 4 Diary, 1870. Documents the coming and going of visitors to SI building. Author unknown.

Box 62 of 78

Folders 5-6 Explorations, 1865, 1869. Contains SI annual report drafts on various SI exploration activities.

Box 62 of 78

Folder 7 Foreign scientific institutions and scientists, 1861, 1867-1869. Contains lists of publications sent abroad.

Box 62 of 78

Box 63

Folder 1 General Order, 1867. Includes Joseph Henry's memorandum regarding official Smithsonian correspondence.

Box 63 of 78

Folder 2 Gillis' Report, 1853-1854. Includes statement of expenditure for publishing Lt. Gillis' report.

Box 63 of 78

Folder 3 Government scientific collections, circa 1857. Contains draft and galley proofs of circular pertaining to SI's role in maintaining United States government scientific collections.

Box 63 of 78

Folder 4 Journal, 1850-1854. Documents publications and specimens sent and received by the SI, and expense estimates for publishing reports.

Box 63 of 78

Folder 5 Memoranda and expense receipts, circa 1846-1887

Box 63 of 78

Folder 6 Natural History, circa 1867. Concerns distribution of publications.

Box 63 of 78

Folder 7 Patent Office, 1856. Contains summary of natural history collections kept at the Patent Office.

Box 63 of 78

Folder 8 Smithsonian Contribution to Knowledge, 1859. Inventory lists.

Box 63 of 78

Folder 9 Smithsonian Publications, 1864, 1871. Inventory lists.

Box 63 of 78

Folder 10 Smithsonian Publications, 1881, 1882. Contains "Checklist of Publications of the SI, to December 1881," including Spencer F. Baird's inventory of SI books, January 1882.

Box 63 of 78

Folder 11 Specimen lists, 1852-1858. Documents specimens received, loaned out, or borrowed by the SI.

Box 63 of 78

Folder 12 Suckley, George, 1855. Includes list and receipts of publication sent to Suckley.

Box 63 of 78

Folder 13 United States National Museum, 1880. Draft reports for FY 1880.

Box 63 of 78

Folder 14 Miscellaneous computations

Box 63 of 78

Folder 15 Answers to Circulars, original front cover

Box 63 of 78

Folder 16 Circular (copy)

Box 63 of 78

Folder 17 Answers to Circulars, Abell-Avery

Box 63 of 78

Folder 18 Answers to Circulars, Baer-Bogue

Box 63 of 78

Folder 19 Answers to Circulars, Bois-Byrnes

Box 63 of 78

Folder 20 Answers to Circulars, Cabaniss-Cutting

Box 63 of 78

Box 64

Folder 1 Answers to Circulars, DaCosta-Fuller

Box 64 of 78

Folder 2 Answers to Circulars, Gardiner-Gunn

Box 64 of 78

Folder 3 Answers to Circulars, Haas-Hyland

Box 64 of 78

Folder 4 Answers to Circulars, Ingalls-Luther

Box 64 of 78

Folder 5 Answers to Circulars, Mack-Myers

Box 64 of 78

Folder 6 Answers to Circulars, Nafis-Quick

Box 64 of 78

Folder 7 Answers to Circulars, Randle-Rust

Box 64 of 78

Folder 8 Answers to Circulars, Safford-Swiggert

Box 64 of 78

Folder 9 Answers to Circulars, Talbot-Tyson

Box 64 of 78

Folder 10 Answers to Circulars, Uhler-Younglove

Box 64 of 78

Folder 11 Answers to Circulars, Unidentified names

Box 64 of 78

Box 65

Folder 1 Specimen Distribution, index, 1846-1866

Box 65 of 78

Folders 2-7 Specimen Distribution, 1846-1866. Documents to distribution of specimens to U.S. institutions. Includes correspondence with recipients.

Box 65 of 78

Folder 8 Specimens Distributed/Desiderata of Correspondents, 1846-1866. Bound volume containing specimen catalogs with annotations, mostly by Spencer F. Baird. Documents specimen collection, organized by individual and institution.

Box 65 of 78

Series 13

EXPLORATIONS, 1852-1876.

Spencer F. Baird assisted the various exploring expeditions sponsored by the United States government, providing instruments, equipment, and personnel.

This series consists of lists and receipts for equipment purchased by SI between 1850 and 1876. The Pacific Railroad Surveying Expeditions, 1852-1855, the North Pacific Surveying and Exploring Expedition, 1853-1854, the United States and Mexican Boundary Surveying Expedition, 1852-1854, the United States Arctic Expedition, 1866, the Hudson Bay Territory (Canada) Expedition, 1859-1862, the Upper Yellowstone Expedition, 1871, and expeditions to Central and South America are represented in this series.

Box 66

Folder 1 Account Books, 1852-1855

Box 66 of 78

Folder 2 Bessels, Emil, 1870-1872. Contains reimbursement for property lost during the U. S. Arctic Expedition (Polaris).

Box 66 of 78

Folder 3 Carlisle, Pa., 1876. Concerns Spencer F. Baird's cave exploration.

Box 66 of 78

Folder 4 Hudson Bay Territory Expedition, 1859-1862

Box 66 of 78

Folder 5 New York State Cabinet of Natural History, 1853

Box 66 of 78

Folder 6 MacFarlane, Roderick Ross, undated (Accession 06-281)

Box 66 of 78

Folder 7 Marcy, Captain R. B., 1853. Contains receipts of payment received by individuals who worked on reports of Marcy's Pacific Railroad expedition (38th Parallel).

Box 66 of 78

Folder 8 Pacific Railroad Survey (47th to 49th Parallel), 1853

Box 66 of 78

Folder 9 Page, Thomas Jefferson, 1852-1853. Concerns expedition to Rio Paran and Rio de la Plata, South America. Includes correspondence from Asa Gray to Spencer F. Baird regarding payment for supplies purchased for Page.

Box 66 of 78

Folder 10 Palmer, Edward, 1870. Concerns expedition down the Colorado River from Utah. Includes drafts of report on expedition.

Box 66 of 78

Folder 11 Peters, D. W. C., 1856. Contains list of apparatus sent to Peters in New Mexico.

Box 66 of 78

Folders 12-13 Ringgold Expedition, 1853-1855. Concerns North Pacific Surveying and Exploring Expedition.

Box 66 of 78

Folder 14 Samuels, E., 1855. Contains list of apparatus shipped to Samuels in California.

Box 66 of 78

Folder 15 Trowbridge, Lt. William Pettit, 1853. Concerns survey of western coast.

Box 66 of 78

Folder 16 United States and Mexican Boundary Survey, 1853-1856

Box 66 of 78

Folder 17 Upper Yellowstone Expedition, 1873. Includes correspondence recruiting scientists.

Box 66 of 78

Folder 18 Woodhouse, Samuel W., 1853. Concerns expedition to Central America (Nicaragua).

Box 66 of 78

Series 14

UNITED STATES COMMISSION OF FISH AND FISHERIES, 1871-1888.

From 1871 until his death in 1887, Spencer F. Baird served as Commissioner of the United States Commission of Fish and Fisheries (USCFF). Baird received no compensation and charged no rent to the USCFF for its use of his home for office space.

This series documents Baird's involvement in the Chenowith Case of 1885. James Chenowith, an auditor for the United States Treasury, accused the USCFF and Baird for unauthorized use of government funds to build living quarters for staff members at Woods Hole, Massachusetts, where the USCFF had its summer headquarters. In the end, Baird and the USCFF were exonerated of any misdeed. This series also documents the lobbying efforts by Baird supporters to compensate the Baird family after Spencer F. Baird's death for his service and the use of his home for office space. In 1888, Congress passed a sundry bill in which the Baird family received $50,000.00 in compensation.

Also included are a confidential letter regarding the dismissal of an USCFF employee and his reappointment to a position at SI; reports and receipts; and an authorization letter from the United States Department of the Interior appointing Baird as Commissioner of the USCFF.

Box 67

Folder 1 Appropriation sheets, 1884, 1886. Includes estimates of expenses.

Box 67 of 78

Folder 2 Chenowith Case: Abstracts from newspaper articles, 1885

Box 67 of 78

Folder 3 Chenowith Case: Correspondence, 1885

Box 67 of 78

Folder 4 Chenowith Case: Newspaper articles, 1885

Box 67 of 78

Folder 5 Compensation: Congressional Proceedings, and other reports, 1888

Box 67 of 78

Folder 6 Compensation: Congressional Record, and excerpts, 1888

Box 67 of 78

Folder 7 Compensation: Correspondence and notes, 1888

Box 67 of 78

Folder 8 Compensation: Newspaper articles, 1888

Box 67 of 78

Folder 9 Congressional bill creating Fish Commission, 1871

Box 67 of 78

Folder 10 Ferguson, Thomas B., 1887-1888. Includes newspaper articles on his efforts to succeed Baird as USCFF Commissioner.

Box 67 of 78

Folder 11 General, 1885-1887. Includes newspaper articles concerning USCFF, and fish breeding.

Box 67 of 78

Folder 12 Hessel, Rudolph, 1881. Includes complaint against Louis Gury, a watchman for the USCFF building.

Box 67 of 78

Folder 13 Letter of Appointment, 1871. Includes letter from U. S. Department of State announcing Baird's appointment as Commissioner and as SI Secretary.

Box 67 of 78

Folder 14 McCue, Alexander, 1887. McCue succeeded Baird as USCFF Commissioner. Folder includes newspaper articles.

Box 67 of 78

Folder 15 Memoranda to Congress, 1879, 1886. Includes drafts of memoranda describing Baird's relationships to the USCFF as Commissioner and as SI Secretary.

Box 67 of 78

Folder 16 Receipts for private purchases, 1885-1886. Used as evidence that no public funds were used.

Box 67 of 78

Folder 17 Reports, 1884, and undated

Box 67 of 78

Folder 18 Miscellaneous memoranda, 1887

Box 67 of 78

Series 15

GENEALOGY AND BIOGRAPHICAL MATERIALS, 1888-1915, 1923.

Lucy Hunter Baird (1848-1913) transcribed some of her father's correspondence and journal entries for a biography of her father. Other persons involved with the biography of Spencer F. Baird included George Brown Goode and William Healey Dall. Dall published a biography of Baird in 1915.

This series includes correspondence between the biographers and other persons acquainted with Spencer F. Baird, mostly concerning photographs of Baird and the Baird residence in Carlisle, and genealogical information. Also included are transcribed notes extracted from Baird's journals, 1838-1853; correspondence concerning a portrait and statue of Baird for SI, and the USCFF headquarters at Woods Hole; and miscellaneous Lucy Hunter Baird notes and correspondence.

Box 68

Folders 1-3 Biographers' Correspondence, A-Z, 1888-1923

Box 68 of 78

Folder 4 Biographers' Miscellaneous notes

Box 68 of 78

Folder 5 Biographers' notes. Mostly by Lucy Hunter Baird.

Box 68 of 78

Folder 6 Genealogy: Family trees and notes

Box 68 of 78

Folder 7 Genealogy: Genealogical Collections Concerning the Sir-Name of Baird, etc. Contains a description of Baird families in England and Scotland between the 15th and 18th centuries.

Box 68 of 78

Folder 8 Genealogy: Genealogical tree of the Baird and Potts families, by Spencer F. Baird, 1840

Box 68 of 78

Folder 9 Genealogy: Summaries of Baird ancestors. Correspondence mostly with George Brown Goode, 1890.

Box 68 of 78

Folder 10 Genealogy: Notes and Extracts from Baird's journals, 1838-1884. By Lucy Hunter Baird.

Box 68 of 78

Folders 11-12 Genealogy: Notes and Extracts from Baird's journals, October 26, 1838-August 22, 1846

Box 68 of 78

Box 68A

Folders 1-4 Genealogy: Notes and Extracts from Baird's journals, August 28, 1846-November 1, 1853

Box 68A of 78

Folder 5 Baird statue and portrait, 1888-1894. Concerns congressional action regarding Baird statue.

Box 68A of 78

Folder 6 Woods Hole Monuments, 1890-1900

Box 68A of 78

Folder 7 Baird, Lucy Hunter, 1888, 1901. Contains correspondence.

Box 68A of 78

Series 16

JOURNAL AND NEWSPAPER ARTICLES, AND PUBLICATIONS, 1880-1923.

Box 69

Folder 1 Baird, Lucy Hunter, 1913. Includes obituaries and probate of will.

Box 69 of 78

Folder 2 Baird, Mary Helen Churchill, 1881. Includes an article on Mrs. Baird's improved health.

Box 69 of 78

Folders 3-4 Baird, Spencer Fullerton, Biographies and memoirs, 1887-1980

Box 69 of 78

Folder 5 Baird, Spencer Fullerton, General, 1880-1887

Box 69 of 78

Box 69A

Folder 6 Baird, Spencer Fullerton, Obituaries, 1887

Box 69A of 78

Folder 7 Baird, Spencer Fullerton, Probate of will, 1887

Box 69A of 78

Folder 8 Baird, Spencer Fullerton, Proceedings of Societies, 1871-1874

Box 69A of 78

Folder 9 Baird, Spencer Fullerton, Promotion to Secretary of the SI, 1878

Box 69A of 78

Folder 10 Baird, Spencer Fullerton, Rumor of Baird's transfer to Yale University. Includes interviews with reporters, 1885.

Box 69A of 78

Folder 11 Baird, Spencer Fullerton, Baird statue, 1888

Box 69A of 78

Box 70

Folder 1 Harper's Monthly, "Editor's Scientific Record," April 1870-June 1874

Box 70 of 78

Folder 2 Harvard University, 1886. Concerns Harvard's 250th anniversary.

Box 70 of 78

Folder 3 Mummies, 1881. Concerns unveiling of Egyptian and American mummies.

Box 70 of 78

Folder 4 Ridgway, Robert, 1887. Includes reviews of "A Manual of N. A. Birds."

Box 70 of 78

Folder 5 Smithsonian Institution, 1886-1888. Concerns Baird's successor, 1887; appointment of the Assistant Secretary, February 1887; an illiterate copyist, 1886; a summary of the Smithsonian Institution, 1886; and summaries of Joseph Henry's and Baird's roles at the SI, 1888.

Box 70 of 78

Folder 6 Spencer Fullerton Baird Naturalist Club, undated. Contains announcement of new club for naturalists, Reading, Pennsylvania.

Box 70 of 78

Folder 7 Miscellaneous articles

Box 70 of 78

Folder 8 Photographs sent to the Smithsonian Institution, 1880. Contains record book of American and foreign scientists responding to circulars.

Box 70 of 78

Box 70A

Folder 9 Publications. Includes "Directions for Collecting, Preserving, and Transporting Specimens of Natural History prepared for the Use of the Smithsonian Institution," by Spencer F. Baird, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collection, No. 34, March 1859, 3rd edition; and "Hints for Preserving Objects of Natural History Prepared by professor S. F. Baird for Dickinson College," 1846.

Box 70A of 78

Folder 10 Addresses of scientists in the United States, 1873. Includes log of photograph circulars sent and received.

Box 70A of 78

Series 17

SCIENTIFIC ARTICLES AND INDICES TO SCIENTIFIC PUBLICATIONS AND

Series

This series consists of scientific articles and indices to scientific articles. The articles were extracted from scientific publications, mostly by Spencer F. Baird. They are arranged numerically, and preserved in letterpress books. The indices are contained in day books and index rerums. The entries were written by persons other than Baird.

Box 71

Folders 1-3 Scientific articles, 1866-circa 1871

Box 71 of 78

Box 72

Folders 1-5 Indices to scientific publications arranged by subject, and names of individuals, circa 1830s, 1839, 1845, 1867, 1873

Box 72 of 78

Box 73

Folders 1-11 Day Books, 1867-1879. Indices to scientific publications, arranged numerically. (Books 1-9, numbers 1-10,000; Books 10-11, numbers 201-1352.)

Box 73 of 78

Boxes 74-78

Index to correspondence

Boxes 74-78 of 78

Series 18

LARGE FORMAT MATERIALS.
Oversize

Awards and Diplomas

Oversize

Drawings by Spencer F. Baird, 1839-1845 (3 folders). Include natural history drawings (birds, plants, snails, and insects); mechanical drawings; and houses and countryside scenes.

Oversize

Lithograph drawing of Spencer F. Baird, with his handwriting, 1855. Galley proof set used for a German publication.

Oversize

Photograph of Spencer F. Baird, circa 1880

Oversize

Using the Archives' Collections

The Smithsonian Institution Archives welcomes personal and educational use of its collections unless otherwise noted. Please cite the Smithsonian Institution Archives as the source of the content, and when possible, link to the Smithsonian Archives website (siarchives.si.edu). Please let us know how you are using our collections for your projects. For information on commercial licensing or other uses, visit Rights and Reproductions. More information available within the Smithsonian’s Terms of Use policy.