SIA RU000395, National Zoological Park (U.S.) Office of Education, Motion Pictures and Videotapes, circa 1938-1980 and undated

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Summary

Creator:
National Zoological Park (U.S.) Office of Education
Title:
Motion Pictures and Videotapes, circa 1938-1980 and undated
Dates:
1938, 1938-1980, circa 1938-1980 and undated
Summary:
This collection consists of motion pictures taken by veterinarians, keepers, directors, and other staff at the National Zoological Park (NZP) for research and documentation purposes. These motion pictures, along with footage shot for television news and other programs, were kept by the Office of Education as part of their mission to disseminate information to the public
The motion pictures depict the medical treatment, transport, feeding, and behavior of animals at NZP and other zoological parks; the activities of keepers and other zoo personnel; animal-collecting expeditions and visits to foreign zoos by Lucile Quarry Mann and William M. Mann; and animal-related events at NZP. Also included is a reel-to-reel videotape on giant panda social and reproductive development, and a microfilmed report concerning the expansion of NZP
Restrictions:
(1) Only selected motion pictures were copied to videotape for preservation purposes and are available for viewing by researchers; (2) use of this record unit requires prior arrangement with the Archives staff
Topics:
Zoos, Giant panda
Subjects:
Mann, Lucile Quarry 1897-1986, Mann, William M. 1886-1960
Form/Genre:
Motion pictures (visual works), Collection descriptions, Videotapes
Local Number:
SIA RU000395
Physical Description:
2.6 linear meters

Finding Aids to Official Records of the Smithsonian Institution Archives

Record Unit 395

National Zoological Park, Office of Education

Motion Pictures and Videotapes, circa 1938-1980 and undated

Repository: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. Contact us at osiaref@si.edu.
Creator: National Zoological Park, Office of Education
Title: Motion Pictures and Videotapes
Dates: circa 1938-1980 and undated
Quantity: 2.6 linear meters.
Collection: Record Unit 395
Language of Materials: English

Descriptive Entry

This collection consists of motion pictures taken by veterinarians, keepers, directors, and other staff at the National Zoological Park (NZP) for research and documentation purposes. These motion pictures, along with footage shot for television news and other programs, were kept by the Office of Education as part of their mission to disseminate information to the public.

The motion pictures depict the medical treatment, transport, feeding, and behavior of animals at NZP and other zoological parks; the activities of keepers and other zoo personnel; animal collecting expeditions and visits to foreign zoos by Lucile Q. Mann and William M. Mann; and animal-related events at NZP. Also included is a reel-to-reel videotape on giant panda social and reproductive development, and a microfilmed report concerning the expansion of NZP. Films marked with an asterisk have been transferred to videotape and are available for viewing by researchers

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Access Restriction

Only selected motion pictures were copied to videotape for preservation purposes and are available for viewing by researchers.

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This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.

Name

Subject

Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection

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Preferred Citation

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 395, National Zoological Park, Office of Education, Motion Pictures and Videotapes

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Container List

Box 1

VHS Videotapes of Films (Reference Copies) - Numbers in Bold Correspond with the Videotape Player Counter

Videotape 1

Box 1 of 6
1938 - Iceland, Russia - Dr. and Mrs. Mann's trip to visit zoos in Europe and the Soviet Union. Silent, b&w and color, 1500 feet, 41.7 minutes
000: 1939 - Dr. Mann - South American trip with Mrs. Mann to Brazil and Argentina to collect animals for the zoo: lake, possums, skunks, hippo, wild boar, view from a train. Silent, b&w and color, 275 feet, 7.6 minutes
378: 1941 - Dr. Mann - NZP pictures: German shepherd, William H. Blackburne, variety of animals: bison, Nile hippo, etc., policeman with young boys. Silent, 250 feet, 6.9 minutes
658: 1942 - Dr. Mann - Easter Monday at NZP. Silent, 200 feet, 5.6 minutes
880: c. 1949 - Montage - Dr. Mann's footage of hippo transfer; penguins in outdoor pond being fed, swans in same pond, longhorn cattle, prairie dogs, turtles, fish - moray eel?; 1949 - Bobette (tiger cub) in the Mann's apartment, fed from bottle by Lucile Mann, petted by Dr. Mann. Interior of Elephant House - Rhinos, elephants, giraffes; 1959 - Footage from British Guiana (see #B Montage) - Birds on riverbank, man taking photographs from boat, boys fishing with nets, boats moored on riverbank, boy on horse, Margaret A. Grimmer taking photos. Silent, 800 feet, 22.2 minutes
1645: 1959 - Turnover of American bald eagle to the Manila Zoo, August 17, 1959 (b&w); 1943 - Dr. Mann's circus and NZP footage: Ringling Bros. and Barnum and Bailey - Unloading animals from train, Nile hippo at NZP, circus ticket booth, inside big top at circus, outside shots of performers preparing, roustabouts driving in tent stakes, trucks with equipment arriving. Silent, b&w and color, 300 feet, 8.3 minutes
1976: 1959 - Zoo film: Driving up to NZP entrance, driving around NZP - Various buildings shown, Holt House - Director's Office with Dr. Theodore H. Reed coming out of the door. Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes
2035: 1960 - Presentation of white tiger to President Eisenhower. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Videotape 3

Box 1 of 6
000: 1960 - Veterinarian: Treatment of animals with dart gun - Antelope, lion, tiger, Himalayan bear, Nile hippos (treated by Dr. Wright), jaguar, eland. Silent, 400 feet, 11.1 minutes
455: 1973 - Pandas, June 1973 - Ceremony. Silent, 250 feet, 6.9 minutes
685: 1973 - Pandas' first day in new pen, November 19, 1973. Silent, 272 feet, 7.6 minutes

16mm Film

* 1943 - Dr. Mann's circus footage. (See 1959 turnover of American bald eagle)

Box 1 of 6

1958 - Snow leopard baby playing outside with Bert Barker. Silent, 200 feet, 5.6 minutes

Box 1 of 6

1958 - Moving alligators. Silent, 350 feet, 9.7 minutes

Box 1 of 6

* 1959 - Zoo film: Driving up to NZP entrance, driving around NZP - Various buildings shown, Holt House - Director's Office with Dr. Theodore H. Reed coming out of the door. Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 1 of 6

* 1960 - Veterinarian: treatment of animals with dart gun - Antelope, lion, tiger, Himalayan bear, Nile hippos (treated by Dr. Wright), jaguar, eland. Silent, 400 feet, 11.1 minutes

Box 1 of 6

1961 - Barbary apes, baby also, NZP. In outdoor cages. Silent, 150 feet, 4.2 minutes

Box 1 of 6

1963 - Keepers preparing pygmy hippo for oral surgery. Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 1 of 6

1963 - Continuation of pygmy hippo surgery; macaque in outdoor enclosure with baby and other monkeys. Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 1 of 6

1963 - Pygmy hippo and baby, Nikumba (gorilla) coming down off overhead pipe. Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 1 of 6

1963 - Nikumba (gorilla) when paralyzed (all dark except for two sequences). Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 1 of 6

1963 - Nikumba (gorilla) when paralyzed - Lying in cage (dark at beginning). Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 1 of 6

1964 - "Snakes and Snakebite:" Indian (?) zoo (not NZP) - Man catching snakes and collecting venom; 1961-1962 - Various snakes and reptiles; Undated - "First Aid Treatment for Snake Bites," (b&w), produced by Hill Films with the cooperation of E.D.; Bullard Co., San Francisco - New York; 1965 - "Killing the Killer," (b&w), mongoose vs. cobra, produced by Ufa. Silent, 400 feet, 11.1 minutes

Box 1 of 6

1966 - Loo-Seal the seal's first swimming lesson. Silent, color and b&w - some of b&w is negative film. 250 feet, 6.9 minutes

Box 1 of 6

1967 - Baby rhino, WTTG Channel 5, September 5, 1967. Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 1 of 6

* 1973 - Pandas, June 1973 - Ceremony. Silent, 250 feet, 6.9 minutes

Box 1 of 6

* 1973 - Pandas' first day in new pen, November 19, 1973. Silent, 272 feet, 7.6 minutes

Box 1 of 6

1980 - "Changes: The Story of Evolution and Speciation" - Animation. Directors: Stefan Janik and Karen Loveland. Conceived and written by: Dale Marcellini, Judith White, and Benjamin Lawless. Art and animation: Stefan Janik. Narration: Larry Lewman. Filmed at: Film Polski, Studio Miniatur Filmowych, Warsaw, Poland. Produced for the Office of Education and Information, National Zoological Park, Smithsonian Institution, by the Motion Picture Unit, Office of Exhibits Central, Smithsonian Institution. Sound, 300 feet, 8.3 minutes

Box 1 of 6

3/4" U-matic Videotape

1938 - Dr. and Mrs. Mann's trips to Iceland, Russia, and to visit zoos in Europe

Box 1 of 6

1939 - Dr. and Mrs. Mann's trip to Brazil and Argentina to collect Animals for NZP

Box 1 of 6

Box 2

16mm Film

1952 - Baby giraffe. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1955 - Bears and ostrich. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1956 - Brown bear. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1958 - Birth of chimpanzee Donnie. Jiggs and Maggie shown also. Silent, 75 feet, 2.1 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1958 - White rhinos, baby giraffe. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1959 - Niset baby and hippo baby, lion cubs. Silent, 150 feet, 4.2 minutes

Box 2 of 6

* 1960 - Presentation of white tiger to President Eisenhower. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1960 - Three-toed sloth from British Guyana, November 1960. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1960 - Paris shipment from Andrews Air Force Base. Silent, 75 feet, 2.1 minutes

Box 2 of 6

c. 1960 - Pygmy hippo giving birth with help of NZP keepers. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1961 - Serval cub, June 1961. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1962 - Sick Barbary apes in Veterinarian's Hospital with J. Lear Grimmer and Bert J. Barker, March 1962. Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1968 - Indian one-horned rhinos, 2 reels - One reel includes Dr. Reed watching them with camera. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1968 - Indian one-horned rhinos - Includes rhino exhibit sign. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1968 - Elephants and Indian one-horned rhinos. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1973 - From "Window on Washington" - pandas, June 27, 1973. Sound, 100 feet, 2.7 minutes

Box 2 of 6

1979 - "Romper Room" panda sequence. Sound during "Romper Room" credits, silent during panda footage, 155 feet.

Box 2 of 6

3/4" U-matic Videotape

1941 - Dr. Mann's NZP footage, including William H. Blackburne, various NZP animals

Box 2 of 6

1942 - Easter Sunday at the National Zoological Park

Box 2 of 6

c. 1949 - Montage including hippo transfer, various NZP animals, Bobette (tiger cub) fed by Mrs. Mann; 1959 - British Guyana footage

Box 2 of 6

1959 - American Bald Eagle to Manila Zoo; 1943 - Dr. Mann's circus footage

Box 2 of 6

1959 - Driving tour of NZP

Box 2 of 6

1960 - Presentation of white tiger to President Eisenhower at the White House

Box 2 of 6

Box 3

16mm Film

* 1941 - Dr. Mann - NZP pictures: German shepherd, William H. Blackburne, variety of animals: bison, Nile hippo, etc., policeman with young boys. Silent, 250 feet, 6.9 minutes

Box 3 of 6

* 1942 - Dr. Mann - Easter Monday at NZP. Silent, 200 feet, 5.6 minutes

Box 3 of 6

* 1954 - Cobra hatching from egg - Out take from Montage A. Silent, 2 feet, .05 minute

Box 3 of 6

1958 - Cleaning of waterfowl ponds. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 3 of 6

* 1943 - Dr. Mann's circus and NZP footage: Ringling Bros. and Barnum and Bailey unloading animals from train, Nile hippo at NZP, circus ticket booth, inside big top at circus, outside shots of performers preparing, roustabouts driving in tent stakes, trucks with equipment arriving. Silent, b&w and color, 300 feet, 8.3 minutes

Box 3 of 6

1961 - Deer (white, fallow, and others) gaur, cattle, pedro (sp?), baboons, crocodile taken into Veterinarian Hospital. First part in Smithfield, VA. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 3 of 6

1962 - Black-crested mangabeys, January 1962. Two reels. Silent, 50 and 100 feet, 1.4 minutes and 2.8 minutes

Box 3 of 6

1963 - Kobe Oji Zoo (Japan) - Birth of black rhino, courtesy of NHK. Silent, b&w, 175 feet, 4.9 minutes

Box 3 of 6

1963 - Pygmy hippo and baby, August 1963. Three reels, all Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 3 of 6

1963 - Tapir in pond. Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 3 of 6

1963 - Nikumba (gorilla) walks. Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 3 of 6

1966 - Montage: Kangaroos, white tiger, man with baby rhino, man with gorilla, Komodo dragon - All at NZP, Silent, 200 feet, 5.6 minutes

Box 3 of 6

1968 - Rhinos - Urine squirt by female, short chase by male. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 3 of 6

1974 - Smokey and Goldie action film, Cox Broadcasting Co., March 22, 1974. Sound, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 3 of 6

1978 - Smokey Bear. Sound, 125 feet, 3.5 minutes

Box 3 of 6

3/4" U-matic Videotape

1960 - Development of capture gun at NZP

Box 3 of 6

June 1973 - Giant panda ceremony with Pat Nixon

Box 3 of 6

November 19, 1973 - Panda's first day in new pen

Box 3 of 6

Box 4

16mm Film

* 1939 - Dr. Mann - South American trip with Mrs. Mann to Brazil and Argentina to collect animals for the zoo: Lake, possums, skunks, hippo, wild boar, view from a train. Silent, 275 feet, 7.6 minutes (original print, work print, b&w duplicate negative, and color internegative - 4 reels)

Box 4 of 6

* c. 1949 - Montage - Dr. Mann's footage of hippo transfer; penguins in outdoor pond being fed, swans in same pond, longhorn cattle, prairie dogs, turtles, fish - moray eel?; 1949 - Bobette (tiger cub) in the Mann's apartment, fed from bottle by Lucile Mann, petted by Dr. Mann. Interior of Elephant House - Rhinos, elephants, giraffes; 1959 - Footage from British Guiana (see #B Montage) - Birds on riverbank, man taking photographs from boat, boys fishing with nets, boats moored on riverbank, boy on horse, Margaret A. Grimmer taking photos. Silent, b&w and color, 800 feet, 22.2 minutes

Box 4 of 6

1954 - Mellanistic melloderma (reptile). Mexico and Mexican Zoo: Margaret A. Grimmer, various animals - Panther, polar bear exhibit, rhino, spider monkeys, owl, birds. Silent, 150 feet, 4.2 minutes

Box 4 of 6

1960 - Bears at NZP, December 1960. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 4 of 6

1960 - Boothbay Harbor, Maine, October 1960. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 4 of 6

1960 - Snow scenes, NZP, December 12, 1960: Many animals shown. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 4 of 6

1960 - #B Montage - Scenes from NZP: Polar bear, seals, cleaning waterfowl ponds (b&w), keepers lassoing elk. Pageant of Peace on the Ellipse: Reindeer; NZP: Rock Creek Park flood, reindeer and calf; arrival of maned wolf (b&w); Africa (?): Ostrich, zebra, giraffe; NZP: Giraffe, elephant with keeper, llama, musk ox, zebu, keeper capturing antelope in outdoor enclosure, keepers putting halter on camel; September 9, 1962 - Tomoka (gorilla) and chimpanzee companion Lulu celebrate Tomoka's first birthday - With keepers W. Jack Armstrong, Ralph Norris, and also Lucile Q. Mann; Mexican zoo: Keepers feeding hippos; NZP: Dr. Reed in Elephant House with okapi, waterbirds; 1959 - British Guyana: Footage taken from river, birds, waterfall, squirrel monkey, bird's nest with egg, people standing near pontoon plane (including Mrs. Grimmer). Silent, 1200 feet, 33.3 minutes

Box 4 of 6

1962 - Anoa, March 1962. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 4 of 6

1963 - Barbary ape fits, pygmy hippo and baby, July 1963. Silent, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 4 of 6

1963 - Babe (caribou) and calf (x reindeer). Silent, 40 feet, 1.1 minutes

Box 4 of 6

1963 - Rhinos for Smithsonian. Silent, black & white, 348 feet, 9.6 minutes

Box 4 of 6

1965 - Hybrid bear Willie - Keeper A. Smith, October 19, 1965. Silent, 350 feet, 9.7 minutes

Box 4 of 6

1967 - Baby rhino. Silent, 100 feet, 2.8 minutes

Box 4 of 6

Microfilm

1961 - Report dealing with the planned expansion of NZP. 35 mm, negative image

Box 4 of 6

1" SMPTE Type C Videotape

South American trip, 1939

Box 4 of 6

NZP Footage, Dr. Mann, 1941

Box 4 of 6

Easter Sunday, 1942

Box 4 of 6

Bald Eagel, 1959; Circus, 1943

Box 4 of 6

NZP Film, Holt House, Dr. Reed, 1959

Box 4 of 6

Presentation of tiger to president, 1960

Box 4 of 6

Box 5

16mm Film

1959-1960 - #C Montage - Various animals at NZP: Lions, tiger, bear, giraffe, injection of Nile hippo - Treatment by Dr. James F. Wright, deer running in enclosure, elk euthanasia with dart, African rhino Josephine's carcass moved to incinerator, zebra castration, Himalayan bear, fossa, 3-toed sloth (b&w), fisher (b&w), binturong (b&w), Lion House interior, rhino, elephant, crane, deer, anoa, eland. Zebra at farm in Florida. Silent, black & white and color, 600 feet, 16.7 minutes

Box 5 of 6

1960 - Coolidge bear. Syrian bears. Sound, 50 feet, 1.4 minutes

Box 5 of 6

1961 - Various animals: Africa, U.S.A. animal park - White deer, ostrich, camel, gnu (?), eland, tour bus, giraffes, zebu, asses; NZP: Keepers catching alligator; 1959 - Panthers in cage, tigers (NZP?) b&w; 1960 - Snow scenes at NZP: Deer, bighorn sheep, bears fighting. Silent, 415 feet, 11.5 minutes

Box 5 of 6

1966 - Moving white rhinos from Elephant House to Hardy Hoof area; feline cubs and gibbon young in infirmary Silent, black & white, 600 feet, 16.7 minutes

Box 5 of 6

1/2" Reel to Reel Videotape

1979 - Social and Reproductive Development of the Giant Panda. Duplicate of master print, 30 minutes. (Must be transferred to cassette format to be viewed)

Box 5 of 6

1" SMPTE Type C Videotape

Iceland/Russia trip, 1938

Box 5 of 6

Montage, 1949; British Guyana, 1959

Box 5 of 6

Capture gun, 1960

Box 5 of 6

Panda ceremony, June 1973

Box 5 of 6

Pandas' first day in new pen, November 19, 1973

Box 5 of 6

Box 6

16mm Film

* 1938 - Iceland, Russia - Dr. and Mrs. Mann's trip to visit zoos in Europe and the Soviet Union. Silent, b&w and color, 1500 feet, 41.7 minutes

Box 6 of 6

Various dates, from 1954 to 1965 - Montage A: 1954 - NZP keeper (Leonard Clark Jr.?) removing cobra and eggs from cage, eggs placed in incubator, cobras hatching; 1961 - Gorilla Nicky in cage, when paralyzed, Dr. Reed; 1959 - Small elephant with 3 darts in its flank (film very dark); exterior of Elephant House: Elephant and keeper; 1958 - Lion, tiger, bear, hippos, jaguar, eland - Treatment with dart gun (edited from 1960 veterinarian footage), black leopard, camel - Treatment with dart gun; 1960 - Zebra foal moved by keepers; macaque in hospital; car on highway in the mountains, bear by side of the road, scenery taken from moving car; 1961 - Wild hogs in Florida; camp with tents and deer running through woods (location?); 1958 - New Orleans, Louisiana, animals: Whooping cranes, tiger cubs with Dr. Wright; 1965 - Baby gorilla with keeper amongst crowd of zoo visitors (NZP?), Dr. Reed touring zoo with others - Leaning over railings to touch cages, shot of Carnivora house and restaurant; 1954 - Armadillo with keeper (probably not NZP); camels (Florida?); 1960 - Africa, U.S.A. animal park: Asses, zebra, ostrich (b&w film); zebra, Budweiser brewery, eland, men lassoing camel (color); asses, zebra, ostrich (b&w); zebra, gaur (color); 1959 - Ostrich (b&w); 1960 - Antelopes, tour bus, elephant; 1960 - Men washing truck (location?) (b&w). Silent, color and b&w, 1600 feet, 44.4 minutes

Box 6 of 6

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