Henry preferred to use the bequest to support basic scientific research, arguing that a library’s impact would only be local. Though Henry supported Jewett's plans for creating a centralized bibliographic service and for surveying the nation's libraries, the two clashed over the size and contents of a library, since Henry feared that the costs of the library would consume the income from the Smithson fund. In 1855, following a very public dispute, Henry fired Jewett, and copyright deposit status for the Smithsonian library ended three years later.
- Chronology of the Smithsonian Libraries
- Bibliography of the Smithsonian Libraries
- Images of the Smithsonian Libraries
- Smithsonian Libraries Records from the Smithsonian Institution Archives
- Additional Images and Records about the Smithsonian Libraries