Group of lawyers, scientists, and supporters assembled during the Scopes anti-evolution trial, Dayton, Tennessee

ID: SIA Acc. 97-020 [SIA2007-0119]


Form/Genre: Black-and-white photographs

Date: 1925

Citation: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Acc. 97-020, Science Service Records, Image No. SIA2007-0119

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Lawyers, scientists, and supporters of John T. Scopes, assembled on the steps of "Defense Mansion" outside Dayton, Tennessee, July 1925. Standing at left is Judge John R. Neal, the Knoxville, Tennessee, attorney who represented Scopes; standing at right is Neal's brother-in-law, W.E. Wheelock, superintendent of the Southern Pacific Railroad Terminal in Chattanooga. In back row are Kansas publisher E. Haldeman-Julius, Dayton businessman George Washington Rappleyea, and Science Service journalists Frank Thone and Watson Davis. In the middle row are biologist Maynard Mayo Metcalf, theologian Charles Francis Potter, defense court stenographer Mr. McCleskey, biologist William Allison Kepner, and Scopes defense attorney Arthur Garfield Hays. In the front row are Wilbur Armstrong Nelson, anthropologist Fay-Cooper Cole, biologist Winterton Conway Curtis, Horatio Hackett Newman, and Jacob Goodale Lipman.


  • Cole, Fay-Cooper 1881-1961
  • Curtis, Winterton C (Winterton Conway) 1875-1965
  • Davis, Watson 1896-1967
  • Haldeman-Julius, E (Emanuel) 1888-1951
  • Hays, Arthur Garfield 1881-1954
  • Kepner, William Allison 1875-
  • Lipman, Jacob Goodale 1874-1939
  • McCleskey
  • Metcalf, Maynard M (Maynard Mayo) 1868-1940
  • Neal, John Randolph 1876-1959
  • Nelson, Wilbur A (Wilbur Armistead) 1890-1969
  • Newman, Horatio Hackett 1875-1957
  • Rappleyea, Geo. W (George Washington) 1894-
  • Scopes, John Thomas Trials, litigation, etc
  • Thone, Frank 1891-
  • Wheelock, W.E

Cite as

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Acc. 97-020, Science Service Records, Image No. SIA2007-0119

Repository Loc.

Smithsonian Institution Archives Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507; 600 Maryland Avenue, SW; Washington, DC 20024-2520


  • 1925
  • July 1925

Restrictions & Rights

  • No access restrictions Many of SIA's holdings are located off-site, and advance notice is recommended to consult a collection. Please email the SIA Reference Team at
  • No Known Copyright Restrictions


  • Creationism
  • Evolution


Dayton (Tenn.)


Black-and-white photographs

Local number

SIA Acc. 97-020 [SIA2007-0119]

Full Record

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