Agency history, 1978-1999

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  • McCrane, Marion P
  • Hamlet, Sybil E
  • Schiffman, Saul W
  • White, Judith
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.) Information and Education Section
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.) Division of Interpretation
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.) Office of Education and Information


Agency History


  • This is an agency history. It does not describe actual records. The Smithsonian Institution Archives uses these histories as brief accounts of the origin, development, and functions of an office or administrative unit to set that unit in its historical context. To find information on record holdings, please double-click the highlighted field "Creator/Author", which will open on a brief view of relevant records.
  • William E. Cox, Guide to the Records of the Office of the Director, National Zoological Park, c. 1920-1984
  • Curriculum vitae, Judith White Marcellini,, accessed January 27, 2023
  • Smithsonian Staff Directory, 1994-1999
  • Prior to the early 1960s, the education/information mission of the NZP was primarily carried out by the staff of the Office of the Director. In 1962, Marion P. McCrane, a zoologist, was hired to head the Information and Education Section. Duties of the Section included signage and labels; dissemination of information on the zoo and its programs; and service as NZP liaison with the media. Sybil E. Hamlet was named Acting Head of the section after McCrane resigned in 1969. In 1972, the Division of Interpretation was created to administer the public service activities of the NZP. Saul W. Schiffman was appointed Chief. The new division's duties were expanded to include exhibit production. In 1974, the Office of Education and Information was established (the Office of Education after 1978), and Judith White was named Chief, 1974-1994. After 1994, the office became known as the Department of Interpretive Programs. The Associate Director for Interpretive Programs was David M. Jenkins, 1994-1999. After 1999, it appears that the Office of Education ceased to exist.
  • For a history of the larger creating unit, refer to "Forms part of " above.

Repository Loc.

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507; 600 Maryland Avenue, SW; Washington, DC 20024-2520


  • 1978
  • 1978-1999


  • Zoos
  • Education
  • Zoos--Educational aspects


Mixed archival materials

Local number

SIA AH00234

Full Record

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