Agency history, 1978-

Usage Conditions Apply
The Smithsonian Institution Archives welcomes personal and educational use of its collections unless otherwise noted. For commercial uses, please contact

Narrow Your Results


Filter Your Results

Smithsonian Secretaries Information

Close Browse records and papers of the Smithsonian Secretaries, from 1846 until today. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by individuals who have held that office.

Expeditions Information

Close Browse records and papers documenting scientific and collecting expeditions either affiliated with the Smithsonian, or with which Smithsonian researchers participated. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by geographic regions predominantly represented in expedition records.

Professional Societies Information

Close Browse records of professional societies closely associated with the Smithsonian, that focus on areas of scientific research and museum studies. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by major topics and disciplines.


  • McCrane, Marion P
  • Hamlet, Sybil E
  • Schiffman, Saul W
  • White, Judith
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.) Information and Education Section
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.) Division of Interpretation
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.) Office of Education and Information


Agency History


  • This is an agency history. It does not describe actual records. The Smithsonian Institution Archives uses these histories as brief accounts of the origin, development, and functions of an office or administrative unit to set that unit in its historical context. To find information on record holdings, please double-click the highlighted field "Creator/Author", which will open on a brief view of relevant records.
  • William E. Cox, Guide to the Records of the Office of the Director, National Zoological Park, c. 1920-1984
  • Prior to the early 1960s, the education/information mission of the NZP was primarily carried out by the staff of the Office of the Director. In 1962, Marion P. McCrane, a zoologist, was hired to head the Information and Education Section. Duties of the Section included signage and labels; dissemination of information on the zoo and its programs; and service as NZP liaison with the media. Sybil E. Hamlet was named Acting Head of the section after McCrane resigned in 1969. In 1972, the Division of Interpretation was created to administer the public service activities of the NZP. Saul W. Schiffman was appointed Chief. The new division's duties were expanded to include exhibit production. In 1974, the Office of Education and Information was established (the Office of Education after 1978), and Judith White was named Chief, 1975- .
  • For a history of the larger creating unit, refer to "Forms part of " above.

Repository Loc.

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507; 600 Maryland Avenue, SW; Washington, DC 20024-2520


  • 1978
  • 1978-


  • Zoos
  • Education


Mixed archival materials

Local number

SIA AH00234

Full Record

View Full Record