Agency history, 1897-1942

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  • Foshag, William F (William Frederick) 1894-1956
  • Henderson, Edward P (Edward Porter) 1898-
  • Shannon, Earl V (Earl Victor) 1895-
  • Gilbert, Chester Garfield
  • Merrill, George P (George Perkins) 1854-1929
  • Laney, Francis Baker 1875-1938
  • Martin, James C
  • Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Division of Physical and Chemical Geology (Systematic and Applied)
  • United States National Museum Department of Geology


Agency History


  • This is an agency history. It does not describe actual records. The Smithsonian Institution Archives uses these histories as brief accounts of the origin, development, and functions of an office or administrative unit to set that unit in its historical context. To find information on record holdings, please double-click the highlighted field "Creator/Author", which will open on a brief view of relevant records.
  • Guide to the Smithsonian Archives
  • Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution
  • Annual Report of the United States National Museum
  • In 1897, the Division of Physical and Chemical Geology (Systematic and Applied) was created as a part of the newly established Department of Geology, United States National Museum. George P. Merrill, the recently appointed Head Curator of Geology, also assumed the duties of Curator in the new Division. In 1942, the Division was combined with the Division of Mineralogy and Petrology under the latter name.
  • Curators of the Division of Physical and Chemical Geology (Systematic and Applied) included George P. Merrill,Curator, 1897-1929; Francis Baker Laney, Assistant Curator, 1909-1910; Chester Garfield Gilbert, Assistant Curator, 1911-1913; James C. Martin, Assistant Curator, 1914-1919; Earl Victor Shannon, Assistant Curator, 1919-1929; William F. Foshag, Curator, 1929-1942; Edward P. Henderson, Assistant Curator, 1929-1942.
  • For a history of the larger creating unit, refer to "Forms part of" above.

Repository Loc.

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Capital Gallery, Suite 3000, MRC 507; 600 Maryland Avenue, SW; Washington, DC 20024-2520


  • 1897
  • 1897-1942


  • Meteorites
  • Geology


Mixed archival materials

Local number

SIA AH00047

Full Record

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