Finding Aids to Personal Papers and Special Collections in the Smithsonian Institution Archives
Record Unit 7222
Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986
Leonard Peter Schultz Papers, circa 1915-1970, with related papers from 1899
Leonard Peter Schultz (1901- ) was born in Albion, Michigan. He received his A.B. degree from Albion College in 1924, his M.S. from the University of Michigan in 1926, and his Ph.D. from the University of Washington in 1932. Before accepting the position of assistant curator of fishes in the United States National Museum in 1936, Schultz taught at the University of Michigan, 1925-1927, and the University of Washington, 1928-1936. Schultz served as assistant curator of fishes from 1936 to 1938, when he was named curator-in-charge of the Division of Fishes, a position he held until 1965. He held the title senior zoologist from 1965 to 1968. Since 1968 Schultz has served as zoologist emeritus for the Museum.
Schultz participated in numerous biological expeditions during his career. Sponsoring organizations included the universities of Michigan and Washington, the U.S. Bureau of Fisheries, and the Departments of State and the Navy. Areas visited on expeditions included the western United States, 1926, 1934, and 1936; the Phoenix and Samoan Islands, 1939; Venezuela, 1942; and Bikini and the northern Marshall Islands, 1946 and 1947.
Beginning in 1958 a large portion of Schultz's time was spent on shark attack research. He served as secretary of the Shark Research Panel of the American Institute of Biological Sciences and collected international data about shark attacks under a grant sponsored by the Office of Naval Research.
Schultz authored and co-authored numerous publications, largely resulting from his participation in various ichthyological expeditions. Major fields of interest include sharks and shark attacks, life histories of fishes, revisions of genera and families, spawning habits, classification, taxonomy, and races of fishes.
These papers concern Schultz's personal and professional life and include notes, correspondence, research data, sketches, manuscripts, meeting programs, clippings, and published works concerning general ichthyology; ichthyological nomenclature; sharks and shark attacks; professional societies; expeditions, particularly the Bikini survey and resurvey program in conjunction with the atomic bomb tests; Schultz's teaching, curatorial, and research careers; and books and articles he published.
Correspondents include: Tokihara Abe, G. Adam, Armonia S. Alonso, Dayton Lee Alverson, American Association for the Advancement of Science, American Fisheries Society, American Institute of Biological Sciences, American Institute of Fishery Research Biologists, American Scientific Congress (8th), American Society of Fish Prevaricators, American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Chuichi Araga, Arctic Institute of North America, Mahlon Ashford, Atlantic Estuarine Research Society, James Wade Atz, Herbert R. Axelrod, Richard H. Backus, Spencer F. Baird (Ref.), Keppel Harcourt Barnard, Marie-Louise Bauchot, Barton A. Bean, L. F. De Beaufort, L. Bertin, Henry Bryant Bigelow, M. Blanc, Marinus Boeseman, James Erwin Bohlke, Rolf Ling Bolin, Cecil von Bonde, Paul Bonnot, Hubrand Boschma, Charles Marcus Breder, Jr., John Carmon Briggs, Vernon E. Brock, Merrill W. Brown, Jorge Brum Do Canto, Jose Manuel Castello, Paul Chabanaud, Wilbert McLeod Chapman, B. S. Chauhan, J. Howard Choat, Eugenie Clark, Frances Naomi Clark, Wilbert Amie Clemens, Bruce Baden Collette, Ralph S. Collier, C. M. Cooke, III, Victor M. Coppleson, Cosmos Club, D. R. Crawford, William H. Dall (Ref.), Jeanette D'Aubrey, John Richardson Dymond, (Capt.) P. Ellingsen, Rolande Esteve, Alexander G. Fairchild, L. J. Farley, Mrs. John Fletcher, Claude Flock, William I. Follett, Henry Weed Fowler, Thomas Gaerste, Sidney Roland Galler, John Andrew Frank Garrick, Jacques Gery, Perry Webster Gilbert, Raymond Maurice Gilmore, Nick Gorshenin, William A. Gosline, Leo M. Grace, John Enos Graf, P. H. Greenwodd, Herbert E. Gregory, Eugene Willis Gudger, Janet Haig, Bruce W. Halstead, T. L. Hankinson, Robert R. Harry, Daniel Lyman Hazard, (Ref.), Gene Helfman, Francis Hemming, Arthur W. Henn, Earl S. Herald, Albert W. Herre, W. S. Hiser, Sunder Lal Hora, Masayuki Hoshina, Carl Leavitt Hubbs, Laura C. Hubbs, Robert Franklin Hutton, International Indian Ocean Expedition, K. C. Jayaram, Eldridge R. Fenimore Johnson, S. Jones, David Starr Jordan, Wolfgang Klausewitz, F. P. Koumans, Vicko Krunic, William A. Kyburz, Francesca R. Lamonte, Henry Landes, Thomas Large, William Leapley, Michael Lerner, Conrad Limbaugh, Limnological Society of America, Robert Livingstone, Jr., George Albert Llano, Martin L. Loftus, William D. Longest, Norman Barry Marshall, D. Ryle Masson, Gerald E. Maul, Hermann Meinken, Daniel Merriman, Cecil Miles, Erna Mohr, John F. C. Morgans, James Edwin Morrow, Jr., Al Murphy, George Sprague Myers, Teodor T. Nalbant, John Treadwell Nichols, Jorgen Nielsen, J. R. Norman, Paul Harry Oesher, Pacific Scientific Congresses, E. Parkes, Albert Eide Parr, James A. Peters, Julius B. Phillips, John Ernest Randall, A. M. Rapson, Michael Reed, Paulo De Miranda Ribeiro, Willis Horton Rich, William Edwin Ricker, Richard Heinrich Rosenblatt, Carl Sandquis, C. Gibson Scheaffer, Peter Schmidt, Waldo LaSalle Schmitt, William C. Schroeder, Leonard Peter Schultz, N. B. Scofield, Alvin Seale, William H. Sebeste, Shark Research Panel (American Institute of Biological Sciences), Hugh McCormick Smith, James L. B. Smith, John Otterbein Snyder, Society of Systematic Zoology, South African Oceanographic Research Institute, Stewart Springer, Victor G. Springer, P. V. Sreenivasan, H. Steinitz, Leonhard Stejneger, William M. Stephens, Donald Wishart Strasburg, Arnie John Suomela, Arthur Svihla, Frank H. Talbot, A. Vedel Taning, Gerard W. Teague, John Tee-van, Albert Lewis Tester, Enrico Tortonese, Ethelwynn Trewavas, Dehys William Tucker, Underwater Society of America, United States Naval Medical Research Institute, John Van Oosten, William Vorderwinkler, Joseph Howe Wales, Lionel A. Walford, Boyd Wallace Walker, Gordon L. Walls, Alfred C. Weed, Stanley Howard Weitzman, Arthur Donovan Welander, Alexander Wetmore, Peter J. Whitehead, Gilbert Percy Whitley, Wayne E. Williams, Howard Elliott Winn, Jack Winslow, Loren P. Woods, Richard Laurence Zusi.
This collection is indexed under the following access terms. These are links to collections with related topics, persons or places.
- Schultz, Leonard P. (Leonard Peter), 1901-1986
- Crossroads Operation, 1946-1955
- Bikini Scientific Resurvey, 1947
- Bikini Scientific Survey, 1946
- American Institute of Biological Sciences. Shark Research Panel
- Albion College
- University of Michigan
- University of Washington
- United States National Museum. Division of Fishes
- Navy Surveying Expedition to the Phoenix and Samoan Islands (1939)
Physical Characteristics of Materials in the Collection
- Black-and-white photographs
- Black-and-white negatives
- Serials (publications)
- Glass negatives
Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 7222, Leonard Peter Schultz Papers