Charles Valentine Riley, by Unknown, c. 1870s, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, Charles Valentine Riley, 1843-1895, an entomologist, served as Honorary Curator of the United States National Museum's insect collection from 1882 to 1895. In 1877, he was instrumental in creating the U.S. Entomological Commission. In 1878 was appointed Entomologist of the United States and directed the Bureau of Entomology at the United States Department of Agriculture. He donated his entomological collection to the Smithsonian and served as honorary curator here concurrently with his position at the USDA..