Aerial view of The Mall, by Unknown, 1954, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, Aerial view of the National Mall from above the Capitol Building, looking west towards the Washington Monument. The "Tempos" or temporary buildings still cover the grounds where the National Air and Space Museum is today. Smithsonian buildings visible include the National Museum of Natural History, Arts and Industries Building, Smithsonian Building and Freer Gallery of Art. The Army Medical Museum and National Gallery of Art are also visible..