Joseph Henry Statue on Mall, by Bounds, A. Pierce, 1979, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, The statue of Joseph Henry, first Secretary of the Smithsonian (1846-1878) in front of the Smithsonian Institution Building, the "Castle" faces the Mall. The statue originally faced the Castle. However, in 1965 Secretary S. Dillon Ripley had it turned to face the Mall. The Castle is covered with ivy. "Smithsonian Institution" is enscribed above the Carriage Porch..