Zebras at Conservation & Research Center, Front Royal, VA, by Slaughter, Leo, 1979, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, Zebras Jill, Sheba, Flo, Susana and Shirley graze in a pasture at the National Zoological Park's Conservation and Research Center in Front Royal, Virginia. The Conservation and Research Center of the National Zoological Park was established in 1975 to encourage development of all aspects of animal sciences. It trains wildlife biologists from developing countries, and breeds, houses, and conducts research on a range of endangered species. Prior to being transferred to the Smithsonian, the property served as a United States Army Cavalry Remount Station, a facility for prisoners of war during World War II, and a United States Department of Agriculture cattle station..