Act of Congress establishing the "Smokey Bear" character or name, by Unknown, May 23, 1952, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, An act of Congress establishing the "Smokey Bear" character or name under the control of the Secretary of Agriculture. This act recognized that "Smokey Bear" originated with the U.S. Forest Service and established a fine for unauthorized persons using the name or character. This fund will support the forest fire prevention campaign..