William Wadden Turner, by Smillie, T. W (Thomas William) 1843-1917, c. 1850, Smithsonian Archives - History Div, William Wadden Turner (1811-1859) a noted philologist was trained as a librarian at Columbia College in New York City. He moved to Washington, DC, in 1852 to organize the library of the Patent Office and soon became a close friend of the Smithsonian's Assistant Secretary Spencer F. Baird. His sisters soon followed and the household now included William's wife and a growing family. The entire Turner family spent their Sundays and holidays at the Baird's, part of the warm network of young scholars that Spencer and Mary Churchill Baird created in their home. In 1857, Baird asked William to assume responsibility for the Smithsonian library, and William delegated the task of preparing the catalogue to his sister Jane..