Hayden Survey Party in the Field, 1871, Smithsonian Institution Archives, This image was taken as part of the Hayden Survey of western Wyoming and Colorado, which later led to the formation of the U.S. Geological Surveys of the Territories within the Department of the Interior. William Henry Jackson, then a budding photographer, took thousands of photographs for the Hayden Survey, most notably the first images of the headwaters of the Yellowstone River. Pictured is the survey group gathered around a table outside..