Pres. Andrew Johnson's Daughter Martha Johnson Patterson

ID: MAH-38068

Creator: Unknown

Form/Genre: Photographic print

Date: c. 1950s

Citation: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 53, Folder 4

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The administration of Andrew Johnson is not represented by a dress but instead the mannequin portraying Martha Johnson Patterson (Mrs. David T. Patterson), eldest daughter of President Andrew Johnson and First Lady of the White House, 1865-1869, is wearing a cloak, the Algerian "burnous," made of a mixture of silk and goat's hair very finely woven. The full-flowing lines display the elaborate ornamentation of gold braid and tassels that trim the edges of the cloak. The silk damask dress installed as a background for the cloak has no significance in connection with the figure. This cloak is part of the First Ladies' Collection now at the National Museum of American History.


  • Patterson, Martha Johnson
  • Arts and Industries Building
  • National Museum of American History (U.S.) (NMAH)
  • National Museum of History and Technology (U.S.)
  • United States National Museum
  • National Collections
  • First Ladies Exhibit


Historic Images of the Smithsonian


Gowns in the collection were mounted on a plaster figure which were given similar facial features copied from a bust representing Cordelia, daughter of Shakespeare's King Lear, done in 1863 by the sculptor Pierce F. Connelly, of Louisiana. By changing the expression of the eyes of each figure, and by copying the coiffure of the lady to be represented, a varied and interesting appearance was given to the entire group. The coiffure was copied from a photograph, painting, or piece of statuary of the lady whose dress was to be displayed. No attempt was made to portray the person represented, as the artistic task involved made this impractical. For additional information on the collection see the book entitled "The First Ladies Hall" by Margaret Brown Klapthor, Smithsonian Press 1972.

Contained within

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 53, Folder 4

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


c. 1950s

Restrictions & Rights

No restrictions


  • Women
  • Artifacts
  • Mannequins (figures)
  • Costume
  • Clothing and dress
  • Exhibitions
  • Presidents' spouses
  • Gifts
  • First ladies
  • First Ladies Gowns
  • History
  • Museum mannequins
  • Costumes
  • Women--History


  • Photographic print
  • Object

ID Number


Physical description

Color: Black and White; Size: 8w x 10h; Type of Image: Object; Medium: Photographic print

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