Neil Judd Reconstructing Pots from Pot Shards

ID: SIA2009-4254 or 778

Creator: Unknown

Form/Genre: Photographic print

Date: circa 1930s

Citation: Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 14, Folder 30

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Neil Merton Judd, archaeologist and ethnologist, Bureau of American Ethnology, in a workroom in the United States National Museum Building is reconstructing pots from pot shards. On the table in front and behind him are many pot shards. Also on the table in front of him are several unfinished pots. On top of the cabinets are completed pots.


  • Judd, Neil Merton
  • National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Anthropology
  • Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology
  • National Museum of Natural History (U.S.)
  • United States National Museum


Historic Images of the Smithsonian


Neil M. Judd was introduced to archaeology as a student of Byron Cummings at the University of Utah. After graduating from the University of Utah in 1911, Judd joined the Smithsonian's United States National Museum as an aid in anthropology. In 1918, he became an assistant curator and, in 1930, curator of American archeology. He was as a meticulous curator and is remembered for his Southwest field work. Between 1915 and 1920, he carried out reconnaissance work in Utah, Arizona, and New Mexico with Bureau of American Ethnology and the United States National Museum sponsorship. In 1916 and 1917, he carried out excavations near Paragonah and in Willard County, Utah; and, later, in 1917, he directed partial restoration of Betatakin for the United States Department of the Interior. In 1920, under National Geographic Society sponsorship, Judd began work at Pueblo Bonito and other Chaco Canyon sites that would involve him in excavations between 1921 and 1927 and further work until the 1950s. In 1923, 1928, and 1929, he dispatched expeditions to collect dendrochronological specimens to date phases of Chaco Canyon habitation. For the Bureau of American Ethnology during 1929-1930, Judd surveyed by air the ancient canals of the Gila River and Salt River valleys. Sent further afield by the BAE, he investigated the "Spanish Diggings" quarry in Wyoming in 1915 and Indian burials on Wolf Creek, Russell County, Kentucky, in 1928.

Contained within

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 95, Box 14, Folder 30

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


circa 1930s

Restrictions & Rights

No restrictions


  • Artifacts
  • Archaeology
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • Personnel management
  • Pottery
  • Anthropology
  • Ethnologists
  • Ethnology
  • Employees
  • Anthropologists
  • Smithsonian Institution--Employees
  • Archaeologists


  • Photographic print
  • Person, candid

ID Number

SIA2009-4254 or 778

Physical description

Color: Sepia; Size: 8 x 10; Type of Image: Person, candid; Medium: Photographic print

Full Record

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