Memorandum Authorizing Emergency Medical/Life coverage for Panamanian Employees in response to EO 12635

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Executive Order 12635 prohibits the payment of social security taxes to the Noriega/Solis regime. Under Panamanian law, in the absence of payment of social security taxes, a person loses their health and life insurance coverage. EO 12635 required STRI to cease payment of social security tax for their 48 Panamanian workers, which would have the effect of depriving them of health coverage. This memo authorizes STRI to contract for health and life coverage. The Office of Programming and Budget is requested to establish a Trust Fund in the amount of $25, 000 to provide coverage for a five month period, if needed. The memo states that this action is taken as a matter of expediency and should not be considered as setting a precedent for the use of trust funds in providing salary or benefits for federal employees.


  • Leven, Ann R
  • Karr, James
  • Office of Programming and Budget
  • United States President
  • Executive Order 12635
  • Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI)


Smithsonian Legal Documents

Legal document information

  • Title 05, Government Organization and Employees
  • Memorandum


See also E.O. 12635. The section of E.O. 12635 prohibiting the payment of taxes to the Noriega Regime was later amended on June 15, 1988 to allow the payment of social security taxes.

Contained within

Smithsonian Institution Archives, Accession 94-128, Assistant Secretary for Research, c. 1989-1993, Records, Box 8 (Documents)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • Labor laws and legislation
  • Economics
  • Women
  • Law and legislation
  • Sanctions (International law)
  • Employees
  • Panama Canal (Panama)
  • History
  • Executive orders
  • Memorandums
  • Medicine
  • Nonprofit organizations
  • Personnel management
  • Taxation
  • Property
  • Insurance, Health
  • Compensation management
  • Employee rights
  • Employee fringe benefits
  • Medical care
  • Taxation--Law and legislation
  • Economic sanctions
  • Women--History



Physical description

Number of pages: 1; Page Numbers: 1

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