An act to provide for the operation and maintenance of the Panama Canal under the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977, and for other purposes

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  • The Panama Canal Act of 1979. The purpose of this Act was to provide legislation for the implementation of the Panama Canal Treaty of 1977 between the U.S.A. and the Republic of Panama. Sec. 1101 - Establishment in the executive branch of the U.S. government an agency to be known as the Panama Canal Commission. Sec. 1106. (a) - Establishment of the Joint Commission on the Environment. Sec. 1113. (a) - Establishment of the Office of Ombudsman within the Panama Canal Commission.
  • Sec. 1209 - Chapter 81, 83, 87, 89 of title 5, United States Code, relating to employment benefits were declared inapplicable to any individual who is not a U.S. citizen, however, subparagraph (B) of section 8701(a) and clause (ii) of section 8901(1) of title 5, United States Code were amended to include any individual who was "an employee for the purpose of this chapter on September 30, 1979, by reason of service in an Executive agency, the United States Postal Service, or the Smithsonian Institution in the area which was then known as the Canal Zone;." Sec. 1212. (a) - Establishment of the Panama Canal Employment System.
  • Sec. 1212. (d)(2) states that the President may, "to the extent the President determines appropriate -- extend to any employee, whether or not the employee is a citizen of the United States, the rights and privileges which are provided by applicable laws and regulations for citizens of the United States employed in the competitive service." Sec. 1216. - Employment standards established in section 1213 and rate of basic pay established in section 1215 of this Act shall be applied without regard to whether the individual concerned is a U.S. citizen or citizen of the Republic of Panama.
  • Sec. 1221 (a) - The President shall prescribe regulations for the establishment of a Panama Canal Board of Appeals. Sec. 1303. (a) - The establishment of the Panama Canal Emergency Fund within the U.S Treasury. Sec. 1418 (a) - The establishment of a Board of Local Inspectors of the Panama Canal Commission. Sec. 1501 - All property and other assets of the Panama Canal Company was reverted to the United States on the effective date of this Act.


  • United States Congress
  • Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI)
  • Panama Canal Act of 1979
  • Panama Canal Treaty of 1977
  • Panama Canal Commission
  • Joint Commission on the Environment
  • Panama Canal Employment System
  • Panama Canal Board of Appeals
  • Panama Canal Emergency Fund


Smithsonian Legal Documents

Legal document information

  • 93 Stat. 452
  • Title 22, Foreign Relations and Intercourse
  • Public Law

Citation information

Statutes at Large


This Act may be cited as the "Panama Canal Act of 1979".

Contained within

93 Stat. 452 (1979); Pub. L. No. 96-70 (Book)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


  • 1981
  • 09/27/1979


  • Rain forest ecology
  • Law
  • Law and legislation
  • Finance
  • Labor unions
  • Panama Canal (Panama)
  • Research institutes
  • Islands
  • Barro Colorado Island (Panama)
  • Foreign workers
  • Legislation
  • Research institutes--Finance--Law and legislation
  • Labor
  • Alien labor


  • Barro Colorado Nature Monument (Panama)
  • United States
  • Panama
  • Barro Colorado Island (Panama)


Public Law

Physical description

Number of pages: 49; Page Numbers: 452-500

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