An Act To implement item 1 of a Memorandum of Understanding attached to the treaty of January 25, 1955, entered into by the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Panama with respect to wage and employment practices of the Government of the United States of America in the Canal Zone

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  • Under the Memorandum of Understandings Reached, which is part of the Treaty of Mutual Understanding and Cooperation, entered by the Government of the United States of America and the Government of the Republic of Panama on January 25, 1955, the U.S. government assumed obligation to create legislation concerning wage and employment practices in the Canal Zone. In fulfillment of the Memorandum, congress approved an act to implement item 1 of the Memorandum. Obligations set fourth in item 1 of Memorandum were 1) basic wage for any given grade level will be the same without regard to whether he is U.S. citizen or a citizen of the Republic of Panama, 2) If the employee is a U.S. citizen there may be added a pay increment to accommodate overseas differential and elements such as taxes, 3) U.S. citizen employees will be eligible for greater annual leave benefits and travel allowances.
  • 4) the Civil Service Retirement Act will be uniformly applicable to U.S. citizens as well as to citizens of the Republic of Panama employed by U.S. government in the Canal Zone, 5) U.S. will afford equality of opportunity to citizens of Panama for employment in which U.S. citizenship is not required, 6) agencies of the U.S. government will evaluate, classify and title all positions without discrimination regard to nationality, 7) citizens of Panama will be afforded opportunity to participate in training programs. In conformity with this Act there were established the Canal Zone Merit System for selection of positions, and the Canal Zone Board of Appeals to review and determine the appeals of employees.


  • Canal Zone Board of Appeals
  • Canal Zone Merit System
  • Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI)
  • Treaty of Mutual Understanding and Cooperation
  • United States Congress


Smithsonian Legal Documents

Legal document information

  • 72 Stat. 405
  • Title 05, Government Organization and Employees
  • Public Law

Citation information

Statutes at Large


Copy is also located in Smithsonian Institution Archives, Record Unit 135, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Records in the Secretary's Office, 1912-1965, Box 18, Folder 2.

Contained within

72 Stat. 405 (1958); Pub. L. No. 85-550 (Book)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


  • 1959
  • 07/25/1958


  • Rain forest ecology
  • Treaties
  • Law
  • Law and legislation
  • Finance
  • Civil Service Retirement Act
  • International relations
  • Personnel management
  • Research institutes
  • Islands
  • Barro Colorado Island (Panama)
  • Retirement
  • Legislation
  • Research institutes--Finance--Law and legislation


  • Barro Colorado Nature Monument (Panama)
  • United States
  • Panama
  • Barro Colorado Island (Panama)


Public Law

Physical description

Number of pages: 7; Page Numbers: 405-11

Full Record

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