Jackson v. Baker

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Plaintiff sued superintendent of the National Zoological Park, after being attacked by an escaped animal belonging to the Zoo. The District Court granted summary judgement to the plaintiff, and the defendant appealed. Appeals Court held that since the superintendent of the Zoo was lawfully obliged to be the overseer of the animal, he is not personally responsible for any injury inflicted by that animal, except on occasion that the superintendent was negligent. The Appeals Court ruled that the superintendent was not liable for injury inflicted by the escaped animal and ordered that judgement be reversed. Opinion issued by Chief Justice Harry Clabaugh.


  • Jackson, Hannah
  • Clabaugh, Harry
  • United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.)


Smithsonian Legal Documents

Legal document information

  • 24 App. D. C
  • Title 20, Education, Chapter 4
  • Court case

Contained within

Reports of Cases Adjudged in the Court of Appeals of the District of Columbia, Volume 24 (Book)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu


  • 1905
  • 06/08/1904


  • Actions and defenses
  • Liability for animals
  • Personal injuries
  • Government liability
  • Employers' liability


Court case

Physical description

Number of pages: 6; Page Numbers: 100-105

Full Record

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