ANIMAL LEGAL DEFENSE FUND, INC., et al. v. Mike ESPY, in his Official Capacity as Secretary, United States Department of Agriculture, et al., Appellants

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Plaintiff brought suit challenging regulation promulgated by Department of Agriculture that failed to include birds, rats, and mice as "animals" within the Federal Laboratory Animal Welfare Act (FLAWA). Defendant's motion to dismiss the case was denied by the District Court. District Court granted plaintiffs' motion for summary judgment. Defendant appealed the District Court's decision, and majority opinion of the Appeals Court held that plaintiffs could not demonstrate both constitutional standing to sue and statutory right to judicial review under Administrative Procedure Act (APA). Appeals Court vacated and remanded summary judgement of District Court.


  • Espy, Mike
  • Williams, Stephen F Judge, United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia
  • Sentelle, David B
  • Henderson, Karen LeCraft
  • Knowles, Patricia A
  • Strauss, William
  • Animal Legal Defense Fund
  • United States Dept. of Agriculture
  • United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
  • Humane Society of the United States


Smithsonian Legal Documents

Legal document information

  • 23 F.3d 496 (D.C. Cir. 1994)
  • Title 07, Agriculture
  • Court case


See, Animal Legal Defense Fund v. Madigan, 781 F.Supp. 797 (D.D.C. 1992);

Contained within

23 Federal Reporter, 3d Series. (Book)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


  • 1994
  • 05/20/1994


  • Animals
  • Judicial opinions
  • Actions and defenses
  • Agriculture
  • Agricultural laws and legislation


Court case

Physical description

Number of pages: 12; Page Numbers: 496-507

Full Record

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