Margaret DONG, Appellee, v. SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION, Hirshhorn Museum & Sculpture Garden, Appellant

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Court of Appeals held that the district court erred in finding that the Smithsonian Institution was an agency under the Privacy Act. Court concluded that the Smithsonian does not fit into any of the categories defined as "agency" set in the Administrative Procedure Act, hence the Smithsonian is not an agency for Privacy Act purposes. The judgement of the district court reversed.


  • Dong, Margaret
  • Williams, Stephen F Judge, United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia
  • Ginsburg, Douglas H
  • Henderson, Karen LeCraft
  • United States Administrative Procedure Act
  • United States Privacy Act of 1974
  • Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden
  • United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
  • United States Freedom of Information Act


Smithsonian Legal Documents

Legal document information

  • 125 F.3d 877 (D.C. Cir. 1997)
  • Title 05, Government Organization and Employees
  • Court case


See, Dong v. Smithsonian Institution, 943 F.Supp. 69 (D.D.C. 1996); See, Dong v. Smithsonian Institution, 878 F.Supp. 244 (D.D.C. 1995)

Contained within

125 Federal Reporter, 3d Series (Book)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


  • 1997
  • 10/17/1997


  • Law
  • Judicial opinions
  • Privacy, Right of
  • Actions and defenses
  • Interpretation and construction
  • Status (Law)
  • Administrative procedure
  • Freedom of information
  • Law--Interpretation and construction


Court case

Physical description

Number of pages: 7; Page Numbers: 877-883

Full Record

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