Dale CROWLEY, Jr., Individually & in his capacity as Executive Director of the National Foundation for Fairness in Education, et al., Appellants, v. SMITHSONIAN INSTITUTION et al

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Upheld earlier District Court decision that the Smithsonian did not violate the First Amendment by presenting an exhibition on evolution. The court maintained that the Smithsonian's action in presenting exhibits on evolution did not constitute an establishment of a religion, secular humanism or otherwise; and the Smithsonian's action fell with in the statutory language of the act creating the Smithsonian.


  • Crowley, Dale, Jr
  • Tamm, Edward Allen
  • MacKinnon, George Edward
  • Oberdorfer, Louis F
  • National Foundation for Fairness in Education
  • United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit
  • United States Constitution 1st Amendment


Smithsonian Legal Documents

Legal document information

  • 636 F.2d 738 (1980)
  • Court case


See, Crowley v. Smithsonian Institution, 462 F.Supp. 725 (D.D.C. 1978); See, Tilton v. Richardson, 403 U.S. 672, 678, 91 S.Ct. 2091, 2095, 20 L.Ed.2d 790 (1971).

Contained within

636 Federal Reporter, 2d series. (Book)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu


  • 1981
  • 10/30/1980


  • Judicial opinions
  • Actions and defenses
  • Law and biology
  • Exhibitions
  • Evolution
  • Science and law
  • Freedom of speech


Court case

Physical description

Number of pages: 7; Page Numbers: 738-744

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