Catherine COTTON, Appellee, v. Michael HEYMAN, Secretary, The Smithsonian Institution, Appellant

Usage Conditions Apply
The Smithsonian Institution Archives welcomes personal and educational use of its collections unless otherwise noted. For commercial uses, please contact

Narrow Your Results


Filter Your Results

Smithsonian Secretaries Information

Close Browse records and papers of the Smithsonian Secretaries, from 1846 until today. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by individuals who have held that office.

Expeditions Information

Close Browse records and papers documenting scientific and collecting expeditions either affiliated with the Smithsonian, or with which Smithsonian researchers participated. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by geographic regions predominantly represented in expedition records.

Professional Societies Information

Close Browse records of professional societies closely associated with the Smithsonian, that focus on areas of scientific research and museum studies. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by major topics and disciplines.


Appelle Cotton sought attorney fees after taking motions against the Smithsonian to obtain documents under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). District Court awarded fees. The appeals court reversed the award of attorney's fees to plaintiff Cotton. Upheld Smithsonian's argument that it was not an agency subject to FOIA, and hence not liable for plaintiff's attorney fees.


  • Cotton, Catherine
  • Heyman, Ira Michael 5/30/1930-11/19/2011
  • Buckley, James L
  • Williams, Stephen F Judge, United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia
  • Sentelle, David B
  • United States Court of Appeals, District of Columbia Circuit


Smithsonian Legal Documents

Legal document information

  • 63 F.3d 1115 (D.C. Cir. 1995)
  • Court case


See, Cotton v. Robert McC. Adams, 798 F.Supp. 22 (D.D.C. 1992)

Contained within

63 Federal Report, 3d Series (Book)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


  • 1995
  • 07/11/1995


  • Law
  • Judicial opinions
  • Actions and defenses
  • Interpretation and construction
  • Status (Law)
  • Lawyers
  • Freedom of information
  • Fees
  • Law--Interpretation and construction
  • Lawyers--Fees


Court case

Physical description

Number of pages: 9; Page Numbers: 1115-1123

Full Record

View Full Record