The Origin of the National Scientific and Educational Institutions of the United States

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  • Goode traces the rise of scientific and educational institutions in the United States, from the colonial era to the late nineteenth century. He begins with the American Philosophical Society in 1743 and charts the growth of scientific societies and educational institutions across the continent. He discusses unsuccessful plans for a national university and the heyday of scientific exploring expeditions, including the Lewis and Clark Expedition and United States Exploring Expedition.
  • He concludes with a history of federal government support for science in such agencies as the United States Department of Agriculture. Appendices contain a) Plan of a Federal University, 1788; b) Benjamin Rush, "Address to the People of the United States," 1787; c) Joel Barlow, "Prospectus of a National Institution, To Be Established in the United States," 1806; d) The Morrill Act, 1862, and The Hatch Act, 1887; e) A List of State Universities and Federal-Land-Grant Colleges, with the Dates of Their Organization.


  • Rush, Benjamin 1746-1813
  • Barlow, Joel
  • Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804-1806)
  • United States Exploring Expedition (USEE)
  • United States Land Grant Act of 1862
  • United States Act to Prevent Pernicious Political Activities
  • National Institute
  • National Institution for the Promotion of Science
  • United States Dept. of Agriculture
  • American Philosophical Society


Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography


Goode was the Assistant Secretary in Charge of the United States National Museum at the Smithsonian Institution.

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • Professional associations
  • Scientific expeditions
  • Education
  • History, organization, etc
  • Learned institutions and societies
  • Societies
  • Universities and colleges
  • Schools
  • Societies--History, organization, etc
  • State universities and colleges
  • Education, Higher


Reprinted from The Papers of the American Historical Association

Physical description

112 pp

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