Momento Mori

Usage Conditions Apply
The Smithsonian Institution Archives welcomes personal and educational use of its collections unless otherwise noted. For commercial uses, please contact

Narrow Your Results


Filter Your Results

Smithsonian Secretaries Information

Close Browse records and papers of the Smithsonian Secretaries, from 1846 until today. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by individuals who have held that office.

Expeditions Information

Close Browse records and papers documenting scientific and collecting expeditions either affiliated with the Smithsonian, or with which Smithsonian researchers participated. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by geographic regions predominantly represented in expedition records.

Professional Societies Information

Close Browse records of professional societies closely associated with the Smithsonian, that focus on areas of scientific research and museum studies. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by major topics and disciplines.


  • Article concerns a mid-19th century movement dedicated to establishing pastoral landscapes within urban areas, and offers Washington, D.C.'s Oak Hill Cemetery as a prime example of that naturalistic style. The author also links the cemetery, planned by W. W. Corcoran, to the Smithsonian Institution in two ways: Smithsonian Institution Building architect James Renwick, Jr., worked at Oak Hill while supervising construction of the Castle building, and the first two Smithsonian Secretaries are buried at that cemetery. Renwick designed the cemetery's fence, gate posts and chapel; styles and materials correspond with those used for the Smithsonian Institution Building at that time and later for the Enid A. Haupt Garden in the Castle's south yard.
  • Secretaries Joseph Henry and Spencer Fullerton Baird, along with members of their respective families, are buried at Oak Hill Cemetery. The author describes their grave markings, names other family members buried at the sites, and gives other details concerning each of the two secretaries' burial areas.


  • Renwick, James 1818-1895
  • Henry, Mary Anna 1834-1903
  • Henry, Joseph 1797-1878
  • Henry, Harriet A. 1808-1882
  • Baird, Mary Helen Churchill
  • Baird, Lucy Hunter
  • Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887
  • Corcoran, W. W (William Wilson) 1798-1888
  • Smithsonian Institution Building (Washington, D.C.)
  • Oak Hill Cemetery


Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography


Article includes two photographs: granite marker on Joseph and Harriet Henry's grave and the Churchill/Baird mausoleum in Oak Hill Cemetery.

Contained within

Smithsonian Preservation Quarterly (Newsletter)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


Fall 1994


  • Architecture--Washington (D.C.)
  • Cemeteries
  • Architects
  • Secretaries


  • Mall, The (Washington, D.C.)
  • Enid A. Haupt Garden (Washington, D.C.)

Physical description

pgs. 4 & 5

Full Record

View Full Record