Naturalistas del Istmo de Panama

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This 24-chapter book is a compendium of observations by naturalists who visited the Isthmus of Panama from the mid-19th century through the mid-20th century. These explorers were awed by the natural diversity found on the Isthmus, which united the flora and fauna of the New World. The fact that the histories of Smithsonian research and exploration in Panama are closely related is evidenced by entomologist James Zetek's establishment of the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute on Barro Colorado Island, as described in Chapter 14. The contributions of ornithologist and Smithsonian Secretary Alexander Wetmore are recounted in Chapters 21 and 22. The book also discusses the Smithsonian Institution's Biological Survey of Panama from 1910 through 1912, and the work of Henri Pittier, Paul C. Standley, Seth E. Meek, Samuel F. Hildebrand, and Edward Goldman.


  • Zetek, James b. 1886
  • Standley, Paul Carpenter 1884-1963
  • Pittier, Henri
  • Meek, Seth E
  • Hildebrand, Samuel F
  • Goldman, Edward Alphonso
  • Wetmore, Alexander 1886-
  • Biological Survey of the Panama Canal Zone, 1910-1912
  • Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute (STRI)


Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography


Written in Spanish; English translation of subtitle: "A Century of Natural History About the Biological Bridge of the Americas." Photographs are included throughout the 215-page book.

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • Rain forest ecology
  • Scientific expeditions
  • Zoology
  • Natural History
  • Secretaries
  • Flora and fauna
  • Plants
  • Naturalists
  • Natural history
  • Botany


  • Barro Colorado Nature Monument (Panama)
  • Panama
  • Barro Colorado Island (Panama)



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