Return to the Wild

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Article follows the project which in 1984 reintroduced one of the most endangered species in the world, the golden lion tamarin, to the Poco d'Anta preserve in Brazil. By the 1960's, conservationists in Brazil recognized the dwindling numbers and habitat of the tamarin, and asked for measures to help them. Their government banned tamarin exportation in 1968 and the preserve was established in 1977. Meanwhile, a 1972 conference at the Smithsonian Institution's National Zoological Park in Washington, D.C., called attention to the dwindling tamarin numbers in the Brazilian wild and in zoos, and launched the National Zoo's research and captive breeding program. Led by Assistant Director Devra Kleiman, the zoo's extensive studies on the tamarins and their habitat, along with direct participation in the field by National Zoo wildlife biologist Jim Dietz, proved to be instrumental in paving the way for the successful tamarin reintroduction at the preserve.


  • Dietz, Jim
  • Kleiman, Devra G
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.)


Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography

Contained within

Americas Vol. 37, No. 4 (Journal)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


July/August 1985


  • Leontopithecus rosalia
  • Endangered ecosystems
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • Personnel management
  • Employees
  • Endangered species
  • Smithsonian Institution--Employees



Physical description

pgs. 17-19 & 64-65

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