The Origin and Early History of the Bureau of American Ethnology, 1879-1910

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Explores important developments in the scientific study of Native Americans from 1879 to 1910 and the role of the Federal Government throughout the period in aiding and limiting research possibilities in the field of anthropology. Focuses on the role of the Smithsonian's Bureau of American Ethnology and on the different impacts of John Wesley Powell and William Henry Holmes as directors. Analyses the framework of cultural evolution and tradition of careful field work established by Powell and assesses the resulting research.


  • Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933
  • Powell, John Wesley 1834-1902
  • Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology


Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography

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Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • Archaeology
  • American science
  • Historians
  • Ethnology
  • Anthropology
  • Field Work
  • Indians of North America


  • United States
  • North America

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