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Reprinted from the 1901 Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution, in order to balance recent criticisms of the Institution in Popular Science. Describes the creation of the Institution, the directions established by the first Secretary, Joseph Henry, the development of the United States National Museum by Spencer Fullerton Baird, the work of the International Exchange Service, and the establishment of the Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory and National Zoological Park by Samuel P. Langley. The articles closes with future plans for a new National Museum building and a National Gallery of Art.


  • Baird, Spencer Fullerton 1823-1887
  • Henry, Joseph 1797-1878
  • Langley, S. P (Samuel Pierpont) 1834-1906
  • Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory
  • Smithsonian Gallery of Art
  • National Collection of Fine Arts
  • International Exchange Service (IES)
  • National Museum of American Art (U.S.)
  • National Gallery of Art of the Smithsonian
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.)
  • United States National Museum


Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography

Contained within

Popular Science Monthly, The Vol. 62 (Journal)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • Controversies
  • Secretaries
  • Smithsonian Institution
  • SI, Early History

Physical description

pp. 323-333

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