The Smithsonian and the American Indian: making a moral anthropology in Victorian America

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This book traces the emergence of American anthropology in the nineteenth century, which was largely shaped by the Smithsonian Institution. Attention is given to the Smithsonian's United States National Museum and its Bureau of American Ethnology, and to the following individuals: Frank Hamilton Cushing, William Henry Holmes, William John McGee, James Mooney, and John Wesley Powell.


  • Cushing, Frank Hamilton 1857-1900
  • Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933
  • McGee, W. J. 1853-1912
  • Mooney, James
  • Powell, John Wesley 1834-1902
  • Henry, Joseph 1797-1878
  • National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Anthropology
  • Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology
  • United States National Museum


Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography


Reprint of 1981 volume, Savages and Scientists: The Smithsonian Institution and the Development of American Anthropology, 1846-1910, and based on the author's dissertation, "The Development of the Profession of Anthropology in Washington, D.C., 1846-1903."

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Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • American science
  • Historians
  • Ethnology
  • Anthropology
  • Indians of North America


  • North America
  • Washington (D.C.)

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