Savages and Scientists: The Smithsonian Institution and the Development of American Anthropology, 1846-1910

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Traces the history of anthropology in Washington, D.C., the rise of government anthropology at the Bureau of American Ethnology and United States National Museum, especially the roles of Frank Hamilton Cushing, William Henry Holmes, William John McGee, James Mooney, and John Wesley Powell.


  • Cushing, Frank Hamilton 1857-1900
  • Holmes, William Henry 1846-1933
  • McGee, W. J. 1853-1912
  • Mooney, James
  • Powell, John Wesley 1834-1902
  • National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Anthropology
  • Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology
  • United States National Museum


Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography


Based on his dissertation, "The Development of a Profession of Anthropology in Washington, D.C., 1846-1903," and reprinted in 1994 as "The Smithsonian and the American Indian: making a moral anthropology in Victorian America," with a new foreword.

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Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • American science
  • Historians
  • Ethnology
  • Anthropology
  • Indians of North America


  • North America
  • Washington (D.C.)

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