The Development of a Profession: Anthropology in Washington, D. C., 1846- 1903

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Traces the development of the profession of anthropology at several government bureaus in the nineteenth century, the Smithsonian Institution, its Bureau of American Ethnology and Department of Anthropology of the United States National Museum, and the United States Geological Survey. Details the roles of Joseph Henry, John Wesley Powell, Otis T. Mason, and William John McGee. Addresses theoretical frameworks, knowledge amassed, and organizational growth.


  • Henry, Joseph 1797-1878
  • Mason, Otis Tufton 1838-1908
  • McGee, W. J. 1853-1912
  • Powell, John Wesley 1834-1902
  • National Museum of Natural History (U.S.) Dept. of Anthropology
  • Smithsonian Institution Bureau of American Ethnology
  • United States Geological Survey (USGS)
  • United States National Museum


Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography


Ph.D. dissertation

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Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • American science
  • Historians
  • Ethnology
  • Anthropology
  • Indians of North America


  • North America
  • Washington (D.C.)

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