The Launching of Modern American Science, 1846-1876

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This is a broad study of the emergence of American science in the second half of the nineteenth century. During this period, science became increasingly professionalized through the establishment of associations such as the National Academy of Sciences and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. This period also saw the expansion of opportunities for scientific education and of science-related employment in the government and corporate spheres. America's economic expansion and the rise of technology were intertwined with the increasing prominence and organization of science during the period of this study. This book includes a discussion of the role of the Smithsonian and its founding Secretary, Joseph Henry, in shaping American science.


Henry, Joseph 1797-1878


Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography

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Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • Science
  • Learned institutions and societies
  • Scientists
  • History
  • Science--History


United States

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