History of the Smithsonian Exchanges

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Includes a short history of worldwide exchange systems. Also covers the establishment of the Smithsonian exchange policy including communication and international shipping agreements with foreign countries and the development of the exchange system into three branches, foreign exchange, domestic exchange, and government exchange. Gives a short synopsis of each branch and lists centers for distribution. Also includes copies of many letters pertaining to the activities of the exchange.


International Exchange Service (IES)


Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography


Also published separately by the Smithsonian Institution in 1882.

Contained within

Smithsonian Institution Annual Report for 1881 (Book)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520, SIHistory@si.edu




  • Communication in science
  • Publishers and publishing
  • International relations
  • Science
  • International correspondence
  • Museums
  • Scientists
  • Exchanges, Literary and scientific
  • Government policy
  • Museum publications
  • Science and state

Physical description

pp. 703-810

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