Systematic Index to List of Foreign Correspondents of the Smithsonian Institution

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Smithsonian Secretaries Information

Close Browse records and papers of the Smithsonian Secretaries, from 1846 until today. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by individuals who have held that office.

Expeditions Information

Close Browse records and papers documenting scientific and collecting expeditions either affiliated with the Smithsonian, or with which Smithsonian researchers participated. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by geographic regions predominantly represented in expedition records.

Professional Societies Information

Close Browse records of professional societies closely associated with the Smithsonian, that focus on areas of scientific research and museum studies. Pre-set filters help narrow searches by major topics and disciplines.


In the nineteenth century, the Smithsonian Institution was the hub of scientific communication between the United States and abroad, especially through its International Exchange Service. Baird's list of the Smithsonian's foreign correspondents served to place North American scientists in contact with their colleagues abroad.


International Exchange Service (IES)


Smithsonian Institution History Bibliography

Contained within

Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections (Book)

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • Communication in science
  • Secretaries
  • International relations
  • Science
  • International correspondence
  • Museums
  • Scientists
  • Government policy
  • Museum publications
  • Science and state

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