Circus Offers Animals to NZP

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Mr. James E. Cooper, proprietor of the Adam Forepaugh Circus, who in 1891 presented Dunk the Asian elephant to the National Zoological Park, offers a temporary deposit of 73 animals without charge. The National Zoo accepts the animals, with the stipulation that all offspring become the property of the United States.


  • Dunk (Elephant)
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.)


Chronology of Smithsonian History


  • Date of Dunk's transfer to NZP noted in Annual Report (1894) is incorrect. "Local Notes" and "Bison to Biopark" give the date as 1891, not 1890.
  • Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution for the year 1894, p. 37, 74
  • "Local Notes," 4/4/1917, p. 2
  • Mergen, Alexa. From Bison to Biopark: 100 Years of the National Zoo. Washington, D.C.: Friends of the National Zoo, 1989., p. 4

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


October, 1893


  • Amusements
  • Animals
  • Circus
  • Cooperation
  • Elephants

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