Roosevelt African Expedition Collects for SI

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The Smithsonian-Roosevelt African Expedition begins, led by former President Theodore Roosevelt and accompanied by his son Kermit, and three naturalists, Edgar Alexander Mearns, Edmund Heller, and J. Alden Loring. The specimens collected for the United States National Museum and National Zoological Park enrich the biological collections by some 11,400 items, including 1,000 skins of large mammals and 4,000 skins of small mammals. Some 5000 plant specimens were also collected. Some of the specimens were used for displays in the newly constructed United States National Museum.


  • Heller, Edmund 1875-1939
  • Loring, John Alden
  • Mearns, Edgar Alexander 1856-1916
  • Roosevelt, Theodore 1858-1919
  • Roosevelt, Kermit 1889-1943
  • National Zoological Park (U.S.)
  • United States National Museum
  • United States President
  • Smithsonian African Expedition (1909-1910)


Chronology of Smithsonian History


  • Oehser, Paul H. The Smithsonian Institution. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1970, p. 220.
  • Annual Report of the Smithsonian Institution for the year 1909. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1910, p. 7-10.
  • Roosevelt, Theodore. African Game Trails : An Account of the African Wanderings of an American Hunter-naturalist. New York: Charles Scribner's' Sons, 1909.

Contact information

Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,


May, 1909


  • Scientific expeditions
  • Natural History
  • Natural history



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