Smithsonian at the Poles: Contributions to the International Polar Year Science

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  • This proceedings volume of the Smithsonian at the Poles symposium, sponsored by and convened at the Smithsonian Institution on 3-4 May 2007, is published as part of the International Polar Year 2007-2008, which is sponsored by the International Council for Science (ICSU) and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
  • Chapters include: Foreword by Ira Rubinoff; Executive Summary by Michael A. Lang; Introduction by Igor Krupnik, Michael A. Lang, and Scott E. Miller; IPY Histories and Legacies: Advancing Polar Research and Communicating Its Wonders: Quests, Questions, and Capabilities of Weather and Climate Studies in International Polar Years, James R. Fleming, Colby College, and Cara Seitchek, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars; Cooperation at the Poles? Placing the First International Polar Year in the Context of Nineteenth-Century Scientific Exploration and Collaboration, Marc Rothenberg, National Science Foundation; The Policy Process and the International Geophysical Year, 1957-1958, Fae L. Korsmo, National Science Foundation; Preserving the Origins of the Space Age: The Material Legacy of the International Geophysical Year (1957-1958) at the National Air and Space Museum, David H. DeVorkin, National Air and Space Museum; From Ballooning in the Arctic to 10,000-Foot Runways in Antarctica: Lessons from Historic Archaeology, Noel D. Broadbent, National Museum of Natural History.
  • Cultural Studies: "Of No Ordinary Importance": Reversing Polarities in Smithsonian Arctic Studies, William W. Fitzhugh, National Museum of Natural History; Yup'ik Eskimo Contributions to Arctic Research at the Smithsonian, Ann Fienup-Riordan, National Museum of Natural History, Arctic Studies Center, Anchorage; Smithsonian Contributions to Alaskan Ethnography: The First IPY Expedition to Barrow, 1881-1883, Ernest S. Burch Jr., National Museum of Natural History, Arctic Studies Center, Camp Hill; The Art of Iñupiaq Whaling: Elders' Interpretations of International Polar Year Ethnological Collections, Aron L. Crowell, National Museum of Natural History, Arctic Studies Center, Anchorage; From Tent to Trading Post and Back Again: Smithsonian Anthropology in Nunavut, Nunavik, Nitassinan, and Nunatsiavut -The Changing IPY Agenda, 1882-2007, Stephen Loring, National Museum of Natural History; "The Way We See It Coming": Building the Legacy of Indigenous Observations in IPY 2007-2008, Igor Krupnik, National Museum of Natural History.
  • Systematics and Biology of Polar Organisms: Species Diversity and Distributions of Pelagic Calanoid Copepods from the Southern Ocean, E. Taisoo Park, Texas A&M University, and Frank D. Ferrari, National Museum of Natural History; Brooding and Species Diversity in the Southern Ocean: Selection for Brooders or Speciation within Brooding Clades? John S. Pearse, University of California, Santa Cruz, Richard Mooi, California Academy of Sciences, Susanne J. Lockhart, California Academy of Sciences, and Angelika Brandt, Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Hamburg; Persistent Elevated Abundance of Octopods in an Overfished Antarctic Area, Michael Vecchione, National Marine Fisheries Service, Louise Allcock, Queen's University Belfast, Uwe Piatkowski, Universitat Kiel, Germany, Elaina Jorgensen, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Iain Barratt, Queen's University Belfast; Cold Comfort: Systematics and Biology of Antarctic Bryozoans, Judith E. Winston, Virginia Museum of Natural History; Considerations of Anatomy, Morphology, Evolution, and Function for Narwhal Dentition, Martin T. Nweeia, Harvard School of Dental Medicine, Cornelius Nutarak, Elder, Community of Mittimatilik, Nunavut, Frederick C. Eichmiller, Delta Dental of Wisconsin, Naomi Eidelman, ADAF Paffenbarger Research Center, Anthony A. Giuseppetti, ADAF Paffenbarger Research Center, Janet Quinn, ADAF Paffenbarger Research Center, James G. Mead, National Museum of Natural History, Kaviqanguak K'issuk, Hunter, Community of Qaanaaq, Greenland, Peter V. Hauschka, National Museum of Natural History, Ethan M. Tyler, National Institutes of Health, Charles Potter, National Museum of Natural History, Jack R. Orr, Fisheries and Oceans, Canada, Arctic Research Division, Rasmus Avike, Hunter, Community of Qaanaaq, Greenland, Pavia Nielsen, Elder, Community of Uummannaq, Greenland, and David Angnatsiak, Elder, Community of Mittimatilik, Nunavut.
  • Methods and Techniques of Under-Ice Research: Scientific Diving Under Ice: A 40-Year Bipolar Research Tool, Michael A. Lang, Office of the Under Secretary for Science, Smithsonian Institution, and Rob Robbins, Raytheon Polar Services Company; Environmental and Molecular Mechanisms of Cold Adaptation in Polar Marine Invertebrates, Adam G. Marsh, University of Delaware, Lewes; Milestones in the Study of Diving Physiology: Antarctic Emperor Penguins and Weddell Seals, Gerald Kooyman, Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Interannual and Spatial Variability in Light Attenuation: Evidence from Three Decades of Growth in the Arctic Kelp, Laminaria solidungula, Kenneth H. Dunton, University of Texas Marine Science Institute, Susan V. Schonberg, University of Texas Marine Science Institute, and Dale W. Funk, LGL Alaska Research Associates, Inc.; Life under Antarctic Pack Ice: A Krill Perspective, Langdon B. Quetin, University of California, Santa Barbara, and Robin M. Ross, University of California, Santa Barbara.
  • Environmental Change and Polar Marine Ecosystems: Inhibition of Phytoplankton and Bacterial Productivity by Solar Radiation in the Ross Sea Polynya, Patrick J. Neale, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Wade H. Jeffrey, University of West Florida, Cristina Sobrino, University of Vigo, Spain, J. Dean Pakulski, University of West Florida, Jesse Phillips-Kress, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Amy J. Baldwin, Florida Department of Environmental Protection, Linda A. Franklin, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, and Hae-Cheol Kim, Harte Research Institute; Southern Ocean Primary Productivity: Variability and a View to the Future, Walker O. Smith Jr., Virginia Institute Marine Sciences, and Josefino C. Comiso, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center; Chromophoric Dissolved Organic Matter Cycling during a Ross Sea Phaeocystis antarctica Bloom, David J. Kieber, SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry, Dierdre A. Toole, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, and Ronald P. Kiene, University of South Alabama; Capital Expenditure and Income (Foraging) during Pinniped Lactation: The Example of the Weddell Seal (Leptonychotes weddellii), Regina Eisert, National Zoological Park, and Olav T. Oftedal, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center; Latitudinal Patterns of Biological Invasions in Marine Ecosystems: A Polar Perspective, Gregory M. Ruiz, Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, and Chad L. Hewitt, Australian Maritime College.
  • Polar Astronomy: Observational Cosmology: Cosmology from Antarctica, Robert W. Wilson, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, and Antony A. Stark, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory; Feeding the Black Hole at the Center of the Milky Way: AST/RO Observations, Christopher L. Martin, Oberlin College; HEAT: The High Elevation Antarctic Terahertz Telescope, Christopher K. Walker, University of Arizona, and Craig A. Kulesa, University of Arizona; Watching Star Birth from the Antarctic Plateau, Nick F. H. Tothill, University of Exeter, Mark J. McCaughrean, University of Exeter, Christopher K. Walker, University of Arizona, Craig Kulesa, University of Arizona, Andrea Loehr, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory, Stephen Parshley, Cornell University; Antarctic Meteorites: Exploring the Solar System from the Ice, Timothy J. McCoy, National Museum of Natural History, Linda C. Welzenbach, National Museum of Natural History, and Catherine M. Corrigan, National Museum of Natural History.


  • DeVorkin, David H
  • International Polar Year 1882-1883


Smithsonian History Bibliography

Citation information

Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge

Contained within

Smithsonian at the Poles: Contributions to the International Polar Year Science (Proceedings of conference)

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Institutional History Division, Smithsonian Institution Archives, 600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Washington, D.C. 20024-2520,




  • Discovery and exploration
  • Scientific expeditions
  • History of Science and Technology
  • International cooperation
  • International Polar Year, 2007-2008
  • Research


Polar regions

Physical description

Number of pages: 423 Page numbers: 1-405

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